Leonardo Da Vinci
Leonardo Da Vinci Biography
Leonardo Di Ser Piero Da Vinci, or as he is mostly known, Leonardo Da Vinci was an exponent of the Renaissance, who had a deep passion for science and art, and for that reason, he stood out as a painter, sculptor, architect, engineer, and scientist. This man of unattainable personality, curious and passionate innovated in the field of painting giving rise to the evolution of art. He also did in the field of science, his research in the areas of anatomy, optics, and hydraulics, was the prelude to many advances in modern science.
Leonardo was born on April 15, 1452, in Vinci, an Italian town in the province of Florence, belonging to the region of Tuscany. Natural son of a peasant, Caterina and Ser Piero Da Vinci, a wealthy Florentine notary. During his childhood, the political and social uncertainty was evident due to the tensions and conflicts coming from the invasion and conquest of the Roman Empire of the East in 1453 at the hands of the Turks.
Da Vinci showed great artistic skill as well as a remarkable skill in mathematics. In his youth, he entered the workshop of Andrea del Verrocchio in Florence to be trained as an artist. This moment of his life was very important because he met influential artists such as Sandro Botticelli and Pietro Perugino. Years later in 1482, Da Vinci moved to Milan in order to seek the patronage of Duke Ludovico Sforza, who invested significant amounts of tribute money to embellish the city with sumptuary works and fortifications. Ludovico accepted him in his court and spent seventeen years as a painter and military engineer. His projects were dense and ranged from mechanics and hydraulics to painting and sculpture, in regard to the painting made two essential works in this period: The Virgin of the rocks and The Last Supper.
“Who really knows what is talking about, does not find reasons to raise the voice” Leonardo da Vinci
Lorenzo de Médici, called Lorenzo The Magnificent, was a man who financially sponsored Leonardo da Vinci in his development as an artist. In fact, the time when Lorenzo supported art, it is historically known as the golden age, thanks to the artistic grandeur obtained in Florence at the end of the 15th century.
In 1483, Leonardo is hired by the brotherhood of the Immaculate Conception to execute a painting for the church of San Francisco. Leonardo began working on the painting of what would be the celebrated Virgin of the Rocks, whose result, would not be eight months that marked the agreement, but twenty years later. Both versions speak of an aesthetic revolution due to the triangular structure of the work, the elegance of the figures and the appropriate use of the famous technique of sfumato to exalt the visionary sense of the scene.
From Leonardo’s artistic production stand out the Annunciation, The Virgin and Child with St. Anne, The Virgin of the Rocks, The Last Supper, The Adoration of the Magi and the Portrait of Ginevra de’ Benci. The most famous is undoubtedly The Mona Lisa or La Gioconda, a portrait that apparently had as a model Lisa Gherardini, wife of Francisco Giocondo. This work was famous from the moment of its creation because it became a model of portraiture and had a surprising influence in the world of painting. As a character and as a painting, the mythical Gioconda has given life to countless stories and books. This work was sold in France to King Francisco I.
Leonardo da Vinci built a strong friendship with the mathematician Luca Pacioli while they were under the patronage of the Duke. In 1496, Da Vinci helped him to conclude the treaty of divine proportion. From the collaboration in this written work, Leonardo argued that by means of judicious observation objects should be recognized in their form and structure to represent them in the painting in the most accurate way. In this way, the drawing became the fundamental instrument of his didactic method. This is the reason why Leonardo da Vinci theorized his conception of pictorial art as “imitation of nature” in a painting treatise that would only be published in the seventeenth century and has been recognized as the creator of modern scientific illustration.
In this sense, according to his criterion, there should be no separation between art and science, as there was not in his research, preferentially directed towards topics such as human anatomy, zoology, geology, physics, engineering, and astronomy.
The intellectual creation of Da Vinci and Luca Pacioli could have been greater but the fall of the Duke in 1499 hindered this exercise because each one took different courses, at that time Leonardo moved to Rome.
Again in Milan (1506-1513), Leonardo’s interest in scientific studies was increasing. He went to dissections of corpses, on which he drew sketches to detail the structure and functioning of the human body. At the same time, he created systematic observations on the flight of the birds, with the conviction that also the man could fly if he knew the laws of the resistance of the air.
Unfortunately, the Battle of Novara in 1513 generated a new situation of political instability, impelling to Da Vinci to leave Milan and to go to Rome, where he was housed in the Belvedere of Giuliano de Médicis. He lived a quiet period: he studied ancient Roman monuments, drew maps, projected a large residence for the Medici in Florence and, also, resumed his friendship with the great architect Donato Bramante, until his death in 1514. Three years later he suffered an affectation in his hands due to a paralysis and at the same time his protector Giuliano de ‘Medici died, who took him to live in the palace of Cloux located in France under the protection of King Francisco I. From 1517 his health continued to decline.
Da Vinci died on May 2, 1519, in Cloux. His life and work are supported by his deep connection with nature, his curiosity and willingness to understand the complexity of life in all its forms. His testament transferred to his pupil Francesco Melzi all his books, drawings, and manuscripts, which the disciple was commissioned to return to Italy.
Biography of Ryan Reynolds
Ryan Rodney Reynolds was born on October 23, 1976 in Vancouver, Canada, and he is a well-known actor. When Ryan was born, his mother, Tammy, was a student and a salesperson, while his father, Jim, worked in wholesale food sales and also excelled as a semi-professional boxer. In addition, Ryan has three older siblings.
He studied in his hometown of Vancouver until 1994 when he decided to join a theater group as an extracurricular activity while attending Kwantlen College. However, his passion for acting became a vocation, and Ryan dropped out of college to devote all his time and energy to his acting career.
Debut as an actor
He quickly landed small roles in successful and memorable TV series such as “Sabrina the Teenage Witch” and “The X-Files”. In 1998, his big break came with the series “Two Guys, a Girl and a Pizza Place”, which ran until 2001 and catapulted him to fame. The show became very popular thanks to its great comedic content, an area where Reynolds demonstrated perfect skill, but this was not the first time that Ryan had made a name for himself in a Hollywood comedy, as he had already been in “Life During Wartime” in 1997.
After working in several minor jobs, Ryan got his first major role as a protagonist in the crazy “Van Wilder – Animal Party”, where he played a college party organizer. The success of the film opened doors for him to work alongside Michael Douglas in “Till Death Do Us Part”, support Wesley Snipes in “Blade Trinity” or star in the horror movie “The Amityville Horror”. However, at this stage of his career, Ryan stood out mainly as a protagonist in comedies such as “Just Friends”, “Waiting” and “Harold & Kumar Go to White Castle”. This led him to want to leave his comedic side behind, getting involved in different projects such as the thriller “Smokin’ Aces”, the independent film “Adventureland” and the action film “X-Men Origins: Wolverine”. Later on, he also participated in romantic films such as “The Proposal” and “Definitely, Maybe”. However, recognition of his acting ability did not come until Ryan was nominated for a Goya Award for his demanding role in “Buried”. It is worth noting that he also brought to life the comic book hero “Green Lantern” and the renowned “Deadpool”.
Prestigious brands like Hugo Boss have not been oblivious to Ryan Reynolds’ popularity, charisma, and good looks, offering him contracts to be the face of one of their fragrances: Boss Bottled Night, a fragrance that, through great advertising, managed to convey an irresistible seductive effect.
Two curiosities can be highlighted from his work: first, the nearly 10 kilos of solid muscle he gained thanks to rigorous physical training to bring Hannibal King to life in “Blade: Trinity”; and second, his appearance on the animated TV series Zeroman, in which he lent his voice to the character Ty Cheese. In addition, like many Hollywood stars, Ryan Reynolds has an eccentricity outside the world of entertainment: a great passion for motorcycles, of which he owns three collector’s items, one of which was designed exclusively for him and is none other than a Harley Davidson.
Regarding his personal life, Ryan Reynolds was in a romantic relationship with singer Alanis Morissette from 2002 to 2007. The couple got engaged in 2004, but in July 2006, People magazine reported that they had separated, although neither of them officially confirmed the news. Shortly after, in February 2007, they decided to end their engagement by mutual agreement. In May 2008, Reynolds announced his engagement to actress Scarlett Johansson, and they got married on September 27 of the same year. However, in December 2010, the couple announced in a statement to People magazine that they had decided to end their marriage.
So, on September 9, 2012, he married the actress Blake Lively in Mount Pleasant, South Carolina. In October 2014, they announced that they were expecting their first child, and in December of that same year, Ryan Reynolds and his wife Blake Lively became parents with the birth of their daughter: Ines. Later, on April 14, 2016, his wife’s second pregnancy was confirmed, and on September 30, 2016, he became a father for the second time to a boy named James.
Biography of Tom Hanks
Thomas Jeffrey Hanks, born July 9, 1956 in Concord, California, United States, is an actor known as Tom Hanks. Hanks was raised by his father Amos Mefford Hanks, who worked as a cook of English food, and his mother Janet Marylyn, a nurse. He was raised with the values of the Catholic and Mormon religion. During his time at Skyline High School in Oakland, he attended theater classes with his best friend. During his adolescence, Hanks demonstrated his acting talent and won the Best Theater Actor award at his institute. Later, he enrolled in Chabot College in Hayward, California and two years later did a exchange at California State University, Sacramento.
1981 – Debut as an actor
In 1979, the Hanks family moved to New York, which gave Tom the opportunity to debut as a supporting actor in the horror film “Sabe que estás sola” in 1981. Two years later, he landed a lead role in another film. Additionally, he did his first television work in the comedy series “Bosom Buddies.” Later, he decided to move to Los Angeles to participate in “Despedida de soltero” in 1984, although the film was not very successful, it allowed him to be discovered by Ron Howard, who later contacted him to offer a role in “Splash” in 1984.
Since then, Tom starred in several comedy films such as “Amigos del alma” (1980), “Esta casa es una ruina” (1986), “Big” (1988), “No matarás… al vecino” (1989), “Socios y sabuesos” (1989), and “Joe contra el volcán” (1990). His father was always very important in his career, constantly encouraging him to keep fighting for his dream. On several occasions, he helped him to get small roles. He also supported his participation in the Great Lakes Shakespeare Festival in Cleveland, Ohio. Tom had already made some appearances in series like “Vacaciones en el mar”, “Happy Days”, “Taxi”, or “Family Ties”.
“The King of Comedy”
After a small role in the horror film “He Knows You’re Alone” (1980) directed by Armand Mastroianni, he starred in several comedies that typecast him in comedic roles. His charming personality and natural talent contributed to his growing popularity. Definitely his consecration came in the eighties, he was cataloged as the king of comedy. Thanks to “Big” (1988), he achieved great success for his performance, receiving the Los Angeles Critics Award and an Oscar nomination. Although he had a bit of a downfall after that, he regained momentum as a disillusioned former baseball pitcher who trains a women’s team in “A League of Their Own” (1992).
Tom considered it appropriate to change direction and tackle other stories, to move away from comedy a little. So, he eagerly sought more intense themes where he could showcase his versatility. With his work in “The Bonfire of the Vanities” (1989), directed by Brian de Palma, he attempted to take the first step to break away from light comedies, but the result was not as expected. However, his career took off again with his portrayal of an AIDS-stricken lawyer in “Philadelphia” (1992), directed by Jonathan Demme, an intense character that was quite a challenge. His effort was rewarded with an Oscar. He renewed his commercial success with “Sleepless in Seattle” (1993), directed by Nora Ephron, where he teamed up with Meg Ryan, and worked with her again in “You’ve Got Mail” (1998).
Some of his most acclaimed performances
In the mid-90s, Hanks established himself as one of Hollywood’s brightest stars. It’s worth mentioning that his career enjoyed significant success. For his role in Robert Zemeckis’ “Forrest Gump” (1994), this has been one of the most striking films of the decade, he was again deserving of an Oscar, a prize that increased, turning him into one of the best-paid actors in Hollywood. With the comedy “The Wonders” (1996), he made his directorial debut.
Later, he did the same in the field of production with the TV series “From the Earth to the Moon,” a work that took him several years. Hanks had the lead role in the feature film “Saving Private Ryan” (1997), directed by Steven Spielberg, with this role he was nominated for the Academy Award, although the film received five Oscars. In 2000, he worked with Robert Zemeckis again in the film “Cast Away,” a film in which his solo performance was praised, for which he received an Oscar nomination.
Between 2003 and 2004, he repeated his collaboration with Spielberg in “Catch Me If You Can” and also in “The Terminal.” In 2006, he starred in the hit film “The Da Vinci Code,” the cinematic version of Dan Brown’s controversial work. Starting in 2014, Hanks’ films have grossed over 4.2 billion in countries such as the United States and Canada, and over 8.4 billion in the rest of the world, he is definitely an actor who ensures great success for films. His fame is such that the asteroid (12818) Tomhanks bears his name.
The actor has had several marriages throughout his life. His first marriage was to Samantha Lewes in 1978, from which two children were born: Colin Hanks in 1977 and Elisabeth Ann in 1982. However, the couple divorced in 1985. Later, in 1988, he married actress and producer Rita Wilson, with whom he had two additional children: Chester Marlon in 1991 and Truman Theodore in 1996. In recent years, the actor has been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, which requires a strict diet and daily care to maintain his health.
Biography of Marc Anthony
Marc Anthony (born September 16, 1968) is an American salsa singer and actor, born in New York. His real name is Marco Antonio Muñiz Rivera. From a young age, he has been involved in music, growing up with rock and rhythm & blues. His parents, Felipe Muñiz and Guillermina Rivera, discovered his passion and musical ability when he was a child. During his teenage years, to earn money, he began singing at bars and nightclubs, and quickly gained popularity. He was contacted by one of the members of the Latin Rascals group, and their producer Louie Vega invited him to record several albums with the Atlantic Records label.
Beginnings as a singer
One of Marc Anthony’s most successful musical products was the album “Rebel”, which achieved some success on the disco music charts. In 1992, his career in the salsa world took off when the famous Tito Puente took him as an opening act for a concert at Madison Square Garden. A year later, he recorded a salsa version of a song by Juan Gabriel that received excellent reviews and great popularity in the musical circles of New York. Soon, Marc Anthony appeared in several television productions and began to receive offers for concerts. After a few years, he was recognized as the new “king of salsa”. During the 1990s, his lyrics occupied the top position in Latin America and also in the United States.
The new “musical phenomenon”
Marc Anthony became a massively successful musical phenomenon, comparable to the success of Héctor Lavoe. At the same time, he continued to develop his acting career, appearing in films such as “Bringing out the Dead” directed by Martin Scorsese; “Big Night” directed by Stanley Tucci; “Hackers,” and “The Capeman,” a Broadway musical directed by singer and songwriter Paul Simon. He also performed the main theme of the soundtrack of “The Mask of Zorro” (1998), in which Antonio Banderas was the lead actor.
Third salsa album “Against the Stream”
That same year, he worked on the production of his third salsa album: “Contra la Corriente,” undoubtedly many salsa critics and aficionados affirm that it was the best album of his career, for which he received a Grammy for Best Latin-Tropical Album. In 1999, he released the album “Marc Anthony” to the market, this album undoubtedly demonstrates a new stage in his musical career, as it combined salsa with pop and also featured songs in English, in order to reach and conquer the Anglo-Saxon audience and market.
The first single, “I Need to Know,” put him in the top positions of the North American charts: it remained in the Top 10 of the Billboard for eleven weeks and eight more weeks in the Top 40. He also released the Spanish version, titled “Dímelo.” With this song, he won the Grammy for Best Latin Song of the Year and was number one on the Latin Billboard chart. He quickly released the second single, “You Sang to Me,” repeating the success of the previous one and selling over two million copies of the album.
Starting the new millennium, he released a greatest hits salsa album titled “Desde el principio.” After that, Marc Anthony went on a extensive tour that took him through the United States. All magazines and press talked about his triumphant concert at Madison Square Garden. Then he was in Canada and Central America. At that time, Marc Anthony received the admiration of his fans when he helped with his charitable work for the victims of Hurricane George, in sum, he founded a foundation that bears his name.
In 2011, he started the Dos Mundos Tour, with the company of Alejandro Fernández, a concert across Latin America. The following year, he was in Colombia at the Manacacías Summer Festival, many people from different parts of the country traveled to attend his concert. He had a significant participation in the 53rd International Song Festival of Viña del Mar, Chile, where he sang the song “¿Y cómo es él?” from his album “Iconos”. He received the highest distinction.
On March 3, 2012, Marc returned to Uruguay after 17 years and gave his performance at the Charrúa Stadium in Montevideo with an attendance of 25,000 spectators. In the GIGANT3S TOUR, he performed in several North American cities alongside Chayanne and Marco Antonio Solís. In 2013, he released his album 3.0. In 2014, he was the big winner of four of the five awards for which he was nominated at the Premios Lo Nuestro. Additionally, his career was recognized as one of the most successful Latin music artists. In 2016, he released a song called “Deja que te bese” with the collaboration of Spanish singer Alejandro Sanz, the song has over 50 million views on Youtube.
In September 2016, he carried out his “Marc Anthony Live” tour which included 5 dates at Radio City Music Hall. His private life has been somewhat controversial and has been exposed to various comments. He had his first daughter in 1994, Arianna Rosado-Muñiz, a product of his relationship with a former police officer from New York. In 2000 he married for the first time to Dayanara Torres, with whom he had two children. He later helped Jennifer Lopez in the production of the song “Sway” for the soundtrack of the movie Shall We Dance?. They then fell in love and after only one month of relationship, they got engaged in March 2004.
The couple had twins and Jennifer sold the exclusive photos of the children to People Magazine. However, after a few years, the couple decided to end their marriage on April 9, 2012. It is said that everything started when Jennifer Lopez met dancer Casper Smart and began a relationship with him two months after her separation from Marc. Later, Marc started a relationship with Venezuelan model Shannon de Lima, whom he married in 2014. Despite this, his relationship with Jennifer, the mother of his children, is harmonious, and he even participated in her song “Olvídame y pega la vuelta” in 2016. Two years earlier, the Puerto Rican singer made an impact with the hit song “Flor Pálida”.
On January 28, 2023, he married Nadia Ferreira in an incredible wedding surrounded by stars from film, music, and sports. The ceremony took place at the Perez Art Museum in Miami, with David Beckham as the best man.
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Biography of Paul McCartney
Paul McCartney (born June 18, 1942) is a singer. He was born in Liverpool, England. His mother, Mary Patricia, was a nurse, while his father, James McCartney, was a volunteer firefighter. During Paul’s birth, his father was not present as he was fighting in the Battle of England during World War II. Paul grew up in a religious and strict environment, with his mother Catholic and his father Protestant, but later became agnostic. After returning from the war, his father devoted himself to selling cleaning products and, in his free time, played in bars.
Death of his mother
That’s why his son developed a deep love for music. He stood out in school for his intelligence and discipline and studied at Liverpool Institute secondary school, a good free secondary school. In 1954, he met George Harrison, with whom he quickly formed a strong friendship. At the time, McCartney’s mother was the one who kept the household and for work reasons they moved to Allerton, where they lived until 1964. On October 31, 1956, when McCartney was 14 years old, his mother died from a stroke.
After his mother’s death, McCartney was devastated. It took some time for him to return to normal. His father saw music as a refuge to help his son feel better, so he took him to listen to the Jim Mac’s Jazz Band, where his father played trumpet or piano. He also gave him a trumpet, but when rock and roll became popular, he chose an acoustic guitar. The first song he composed was “I Lost My Little Girl” on that guitar, a Zenith. He also composed “When I’m Sixty-Four” on the home piano.
1957 – Met John Lennon
He met Lennon on July 6th, 1957. McCartney joined The Quarrymen, a school band led by Lennon, in 1958 as the lead guitarist. The band mixed rock and roll and skiffle, a popular music style, with jazz and blues. After several name changes, the band decided to call themselves The Beatles in August 1960 and recruited drummer Pete Best for their move to Hamburg. In 1961, one of its members, Sutcliffe, left the band and McCartney was forced to take over as bassist. They recorded as a backing band for English singer Tony Sheridan on the single My Bonnie.
1963 – “Beatlemania”
They managed to attract the attention of Brian Epstein, who became their manager in January 1962 and a key figure in their later success. With their first hit, “Love Me Do” in 1963, the “Beatlemania” began. John Lennon and Paul wrote a large number of songs together, but later their egos collided and they preferred to write separately. In 1970, The Beatles disbanded. But Paul continued his successful career with songs that reached number one. He recorded his first solo LP, “McCartney”, with songs very different from those that Lennon would write, with commercial melodies for varied tastes.
1980 – Paul McCartney Guinness Records
In 1980, he entered the Guinness Book of Records as the highest-selling songwriter in the world. His theme Yesterday, one of the most celebrated by The Beatles, has around 2,500 versions in the most diverse musical styles. Some of his solo hits are: Uncle Albert/Admiral Halsey, Live and Let Die for the James Bond film received the Oscar for best musical theme; Coming Up from his solo album Paul McCartney II. He joined George Martin and Ringo Starr in 1982 for the recording of Tug of War. On Press to play, his next album, was recorded with Eric Stewart.
Awards, arrest, record.
Winner of 18 Grammy Awards, including two Lifetime Achievement Grammy Awards (one with the Beatles and another as a solo artist). He is a vegetarian and an animal rights advocate. He was arrested for marijuana possession in Tokyo in 1980 and was briefly in jail. He participated in the “Live Aid” concert against hunger in Ethiopia in 1985. In 1990, he achieved the record for the largest attendance at a concert with 184,000 people in Rio de Janeiro. Since 1997 he is Sir Paul McCartney, invested as a knight by Queen Elizabeth II.
2013 – Other awards, marriages.
On February 10, 2013, he received a Grammy for “Best Traditional Pop Album” for his album “Kisses On The Bottom”. Later, he received a special award from PRS for Music in commemoration of the 50th anniversary of the composition of his most famous song, “Yesterday“. These songs, as well as “And I Love Her,” “You Will Not See Me,” and “I’m Looking Through You,” were written inspired by his relationship with British actress Jane Asher. After five years of engagement, the couple broke up due to his infidelity with Francie Schwartz. He married Linda Eastman on March 12, 1969, and together they formed the musical group Wings after the dissolution of the Beatles. In 1999, he presented his collection of poems entitled “Blackbird Singing: Poems and Lyrics (1965-1999)”. After the death of his wife, McCartney experienced deep sadness.
In 2002, Paul McCartney married former model Heather Mills in an Irish castle. After a long legal battle in the London Supreme Court, in 2008 Mills was authorized to collect one fifth of the 250 million dollars she had demanded from McCartney for their four-year marriage. In 2011, McCartney married Nancy Shevell in a civil ceremony in London on October 9th of that year.
Relevant aspects of his life and musical career
- With 60 gold records and the sale of over 100 million albums and singles as a solo artist and with The Beatles, McCartney is recognized as one of the most successful composers and artists of all time.
- As a solo artist in 1999 and as a member of The Beatles in 1988, he has been inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame twice.
- As a solo artist and with The Beatles, he has been recognized with twenty-one Grammy Awards.
- 32 of the songs that McCartney has written or co-written have reached number one on the Billboard Hot 100.
- As of 2014, he had sold over 15 million certified units by the RIAA in the United States.
- In 1997, McCartney was elevated to the rank of knight for his services to music.
- In 1965, McCartney, Lennon, Harrison and Starr were named members of the Order of the British Empire.
- He has been married three times and is the father of five children.
- He has participated in projects to help international charities related to issues such as animal rights, seal hunting, landmine cleaning, vegetarianism, poverty and musical education.
- He ranks 11th on Rolling Stone’s list of 100 Greatest Singers.
- He ranks first on Rolling Stone’s list of 100 Greatest Artists as a member of The Beatles.
- He ranks third on Rolling Stone’s list of 100 Greatest Bassists.
- Only surpassed by Bob Dylan, he ranks second on Rolling Stone’s list of 100 Greatest Songwriters.
Biography of Beyoncé
Beyoncé Giselle Knowles-Carter, known simply as Beyoncé, is an American singer, actress, dancer, entrepreneur, and fashion designer. She was born in Houston, Texas on September 4th, 1981. She is the older sister of singer and actress Solange Knowles and the daughter of Mathew and Tina Knowles. From a young age, Beyoncé grew up with the conviction of dedicating herself to music. She studied at the High School for the Performing and Visual Arts and later at the Alief Elsik High School. At a young age, she won a talent contest with a performance of “Imagine,” the famous song by John Lennon. In 1997, she joined the quartet Destiny’s Child, along with LeToya Luckett, LaTavia Roberson, and her childhood friend Kelly Rowland, which later became a trio with Michelle Williams, Beyoncé and her friend. With this group, the singer achieved success, selling more than sixty million copies around the world.
2003 – First solo album.
In 2003, Beyoncé released her debut album as a solo artist, “Dangerously in Love”, which reached the number one spot on the Billboard 200 in its first week with 317,000 copies sold. She also won five Grammy awards, reached the top spots on the Canadian and British charts, and ultimately sold a total of 11 million copies worldwide. The single “Crazy in Love”, which featured the collaboration of Jay-Z (with whom she had started a romantic relationship since 2002), was the most popular song of that summer.
2006 – Album “B’Day”
On September 4th, 2006, she released her second solo album, titled B’Day to celebrate her 25th birthday. This album has accumulated more than eight million sales worldwide and was positioned at number one on the Billboard 200. For the single “Déjà vu” from the same album, she again collaborated with rapper Jay-Z and Rodney Jerkins. This single reached the top of the British chart, fifth place on the American chart and first on the US R&B chart. In the same year, Beyoncé released her second international single from B’Day, “Irreplaceable,” which was her most successful song at the time. It stayed on the top of the American chart for ten weeks. For the third single, “Upgrade U,” she collaborated again with Jay-Z and eventually married him a year later in the French capital.
Album “I Am… Sasha Fierce”
On November 18th of the same year of her marriage, she released her third album, I Am… Sasha Fierce, which becomes a great success like her other works. For this album she released the singles If Were a Boy, Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It), Diva, Halo, and Sweet Dreams. One year later, in 2009, she went on a tour to promote the album, I Am… Tour, and another year later she was awarded six Grammy awards out of the ten she was nominated for. Also, her song Video Phone, which featured Lady Gaga, was nominated for five MTV awards. In 2011 she released her fourth album, 4, after it was leaked on the internet. At the same time, it was known that she was pregnant and she had to deny some media that insisted that everything was a lie.
2013 – “The Formation World Tour” Tour
In 2013, Beyoncé releases “Life is But a Dream,” an autobiographical documentary for HBO, and later performs a tour to promote her fourth album, titled “The Mrs. Carter Show World Tour.” To avoid the disaster that occurred on the internet with her previous work, Beyoncé decides to make a surprise release of her fifth work, “Beyoncé,” which contained 14 songs and 17 music videos. With different content from her older works, Beyoncé explores deeper themes in this album, receiving approval and praise from critics and audiences. Following this success, the artist released her sixth music album, “Lemonade,” for which she performed the “The Formation World Tour,” considered one of the most attended in her career and awarded as Tour of the Year for the American Music Awards in its 44th edition.
Later, she performs in Jon Favreau’s film, The Lion King, as Nala; collaborates with Eminem on his song Walk on Water; collaborates with Ed Sheeran for the song Perfect; and goes on a worldwide tour with her husband, Jay-Z, titled On the Run II Tour. Currently, she is working on her seventh project, the name of which is not yet known, but it is known that it will be released through the Netflix platform.
- She is considered one of the best contemporary popular music artists for her dynamic and impressive stage choreography.
- Her career has been going on for over 20 years and she has won 28 Grammy awards.
- She is one of the highest selling music artists. As a solo artist, she has sold around 100 million recordings and around 60 million with Destiny’s Child.
- During the 2000s, the Recording Industry Association of America recognized Beyoncé as the number one certified artist in the United States.
- In 2014, she topped Forbes’ Celebrity 100 list.
- She became the highest-paid black artist in music history.
- In 2013 and 2014, she was included on Time magazine’s list of the 100 most influential people in the world.
- During the 2021 Grammy Awards ceremony on March 14th, she made history by becoming the most awarded female artist in history with a total of 28 awards.
- In 2021, she was included on Pitchfork’s list of the 200 most influential artists of the last 25 years.
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