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Biography

Nancy Pelosi

Nancy Pelosi Biography
Nancy Pelosi, From Instagram
Personal information
Full nameNancy Patricia Pelosi
BirthdateMarch 26, 1940
Age82 years old
OccupationPolitics
NationalityAmerican
Spouse

Paul Pelosi (Marr. 1963)

Parents

Thomas D’Alesandro, Jr.
Annunciata M D’Alesandro

Zodiac signAries

Nancy Pelosi Biography

Nancy Patricia Pelosi (March 26, 1940) is an American politician and the first woman to be elected as Speaker of the House of Representatives in 2007. She studied political science at Trinity College in Washington, graduating in 1962. After getting married and having several children, she entered politics with the Democratic Party in the 1980s. She served on the National Democratic Committee and was President of the Democratic Party in California from 1981 to 1983. In 1987, she was elected as a Member of the United States House of Representatives and has been re-elected several times since then (1993, 2013…). During the second term of George W. Bush, she became the first woman to serve as Speaker of the House. In 2019, she was re-elected as Speaker of the United States House of Representatives.

Early years

Nancy Pelosi was born on March 26, 1940 in Baltimore, Maryland. She was the daughter of the Democratic politician Thomas D’Alesandro Jr. and Annunciata “Nancy” D’Alesandro, both of Italian descent. Her mother was born in Campobasso and her father was descended from Genoese. From an early age, she was involved in politics due to her father being a congressman for Maryland and later the mayor of Baltimore (between 1967 and 1971). She attended Notre Dame Institute and graduated with a degree in political science from Trinity College in 1962. The following year she married Paul Pelosi and moved to New York.

Six years later, with five children, the family moved to San Francisco. There, Pelosi made friends with Congressman Phillip Burton and began working to make her way in politics. As a volunteer for the Democratic Party, she gained a reputation as an effective fundraiser and rose through the ranks of the National Democratic Committee. Between 1981 and 1983, she was the President of the Democratic Party of California. In 1984, she hosted the National Democratic Convention in San Francisco.

Member of the House of Representatives for California

When Burton died in 1983, his wife Sala succeeded him and shortly before her death in 1987, she encouraged Pelosi to run for the position. Pelosi won by a narrow margin in the special election on June 2, 1987 and was re-elected for a full term the following year. Since then, she has easily won elections in her district with a Democratic majority. She has been re-elected sixteen times with an average of 80% of the votes.

In the House, over time, she developed a reputation as a shrewd politician and consistently rose within the party. In 2002, she became the minority leader. When she assumed the position in 2003, she became the first woman to lead a party in Congress. With great effort, she achieved some unity among the various factions of the party, embracing conservatives and moderates. However, she consistently voted in favor of liberal causes such as gun control and the right to abortion. She also opposed Bush’s Social Security reform and voted against the War in Iraq. She made strong criticisms of President W. Bush during his second term, even going so far as to call him an “incompetent leader,” which affected her career and kept her out of contact with much of the country.

Speaker of the House (2007-11)

In the November 2006 midterm elections, Democrats gained a majority in the House of Representatives. On January 4, 2007, Pelosi was elected Speaker of the House, becoming the first woman in the position (the first Californian and the first woman of Italian descent to do so). Following the arrival of Barack Obama as president, Pelosi openly supported many of his policies. She played a key role in the year-long effort to secure public health with a historic project that extended medical care to about thirty million Americans who previously did not have insurance. The project also prohibited insurers from denying coverage to people with preexisting conditions.

With the implementation of the project, her popularity decreased as the economy continued to struggle. In the period prior to the 2010 elections, Pelosi became the target of Republican attacks and also a point of disagreement for more conservative members of the Democrats, eager to turn the elections into a referendum on the party’s agenda. Despite all this, Pelosi was again elected minority leader in the next Congress. She remained in the position even when the Democrats failed to regain control of the House in the subsequent elections. In 2016, her position was threatened by Ohio’s Tim Ryan after the election of Donald Trump, but Pelosi prevailed. She held her position until January 2019.

Second term as Speaker of the House

In January 2019, Pelosi was again elected as Speaker, becoming the first person in over 60 years to serve two non-consecutive terms in the position. Her political skills were on display as she led the opposition against Trump, who had promised to keep the government closed until he received funding for the proposed border wall during his campaigns. Pelosi refused to allow Trump to deliver the annual State of the Union address while the government remained closed. At the end of January, Trump agreed to end the shutdown, though he failed to obtain the necessary funds. Pelosi received praise for her handling of the situation. Later, Pelosi led the impeachment trial against Trump on charges of Russian interference. The investigation concluded in early December 2019. In 2020, the Senate acquitted Trump.

Pelosi during the pandemic

In March 2020, after the coronavirus became a pandemic, Pelosi helped secure the approval of a $2 trillion aid package, the largest stimulus bill in US history. As the pandemic worsened in the country, Pelosi blamed President Trump for the poor handling and misinformation in addressing the pandemic.

Finally, in the 2020 elections, Trump was defeated by Democratic presidential candidate Joe Biden. In the elections, Democrats also maintained a small majority in the House. Therefore, Pelosi was elected for another term. During this time, Trump questioned the results of the presidential election, alleging electoral fraud. On January 6, 2021, his supporters stormed the Capitol while the victory of Biden was being certified. Many accused Trump of encouraging the attack and Pelosi demanded his impeachment. However, the Senate later acquitted him.

At the beginning of Biden’s term, Pelosi led the approval of a massive bill aimed at restoring and improving the infrastructure of the United States. She also supported the ambitious plan to expand the country’s social security network and laws to combat climate change.

Visit to Taiwan (2022)

Despite threats from the Chinese government, in August 2022, Pelosi became the highest-ranking US official to visit Taiwan in around 25 years. Pelosi’s controversial visit increased tensions between the US and China, which considers the island a rebel province of its territory. According to the Chinese government, the presence of a US official would provocatively increase international recognition of the Taiwan government.

End as Speaker of the US House of Representatives

Considered the most relevant and powerful woman in the history of American politics, she bid farewell to her leadership position on January 3, 2023, after Republican lawmakers gained a majority in the House after the 2022 mid-term elections.

Upon her departure, she stated:

“I am honored by the faith placed in me by the Democratic Caucus of the House, the largest collection of intellect, integrity, and imagination assembled for the good of the American people. I am grateful to the people of San Francisco whom I will continue to serve, striving to honor the call of our city’s patron saint, St. Francis: ‘Lord, make me an instrument of your peace.”

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activist

Malcolm X

Biography of Malcolm X
Taken from pixabay.com

Biography of Malcolm X

Malcolm Little, also known as El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz (born May 19, 1925 and died February 21, 1965), better known as Malcolm X, was a speaker, religious minister, and revolutionary leader of the African American community in the United States. The son of a Protestant minister, he had to constantly move during his childhood due to attacks from racist groups. After the death of his father and the breakdown of his family, he struggled with drugs and common crime. In 1946, he was sentenced to seven years in prison. During his imprisonment, he left drugs and approached the Muslim religious movement, Nation of Islam (NOI). Upon release, he joined the NOI, changed his surname to “X” and began a strong political activism in defense of African American rights. Over time, he became a hero and spokesman for African Americans and a revolutionary reference of Islam. However, his activism and the intrigues that were aimed at him cost him his life.

Early Years

Malcolm X was born in Omaha, Nebraska. During his childhood, his family moved to Lansing, Michigan. He was six years old when his father, Reverend Earl Little, died as a result of an attack by a white supremacist group, being hit by a streetcar. His mother, Louise Little, had to resort to selling dandelion leaves on the street to feed the family. However, after a while she was institutionalized in a psychiatric hospital and Malcolm and his brothers were sent to foster homes and to the house of some relatives.

As a student, Malcolm excelled in his early years, but lost interest in education after one of his eighth-grade teachers told him that he should become a carpenter instead of a lawyer. Becoming a rebellious young man, in 1942 he moved to New York and began to become involved in criminal activities, such as drug trafficking, prostitution, and theft, until being sentenced to prison in 1946.

Prison and the beginnings in the NOI

With a seven-year sentence, Malcolm quit drugs, resumed his studies through correspondence and came into contact with the Nation of Islam (NOI), a Muslim religious movement created by Wallace Fard Muhammad and led by Elijah Muhammad, which considered the black minority as Allah’s chosen people, while whites were the personification of the devil. Malcolm then moved from crime and marginalization, caused by circumstances, to political activism in defense of the African American community. After being released from prison in 1952, Malcolm joined the NOI, changing his surname from Little to “X”. The X represented the African surname that African Americans had lost due to slavery.

In a short time, his oratory skills and activism extended the influence of the Nation of Islam in cities such as Detroit, Boston, and Philadelphia. Later, he founded the newspaper Muhammad Speaks and became the leader of the NOI in New York. His activism, sometimes radical, soon made him a target of persecution and criticism. By the late 1950s, Malcolm was portrayed by the media as a propagator of violence; his message of rejection of white domination and defense against racism was misconstrued. His popularity also caused problems within the NOI, such as rivalry with Elijah Muhammad, which ended with his departure in 1964. That year, Malcolm became aware of a plan to assassinate him.

Leaving the NOI and last years

For Malcolm, it was necessary for there to be more active participation in political struggle; he believed that individual reforms within the Nation of Islam or the civil rights campaign that was gaining momentum through the leadership of Martin Luther King, alone, would not lead to the liberation of blacks. In accordance with this, he founded his own movement: the Muslim Mosque Association (1964).

That same year, he completed his pilgrimage to Mecca, taking the opportunity to visit other Muslim countries. Through this journey, he converted to a more orthodox form of Islam, seeing the possibility of brotherhood among all races. He then abandoned the racism of the NOI and began preaching the idea of black nationalism, a style of emancipation that would give the black minority control over their own organizations and communities.

During a second trip taken in 1964, Malcolm had contact with important African leaders, such as the then presidents Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt, Julius Nyerere of Tanzania, Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana, and Jomo Kenyatta of Kenya. It was then that he added to his speech the struggle against American imperialism, reflected in the foundation of the Organization of African American Unity, also in 1964. The organization was secular and had a socialist tendency. However, these transformations were not successful as Malcolm was assassinated the following year, probably due to his rivalry with Elijah Muhammad.

Death

Malcolm X was assassinated on February 21, 1965, by men believed to be associated with the Nation of Islam, while giving a speech at the Organization of African American Unity in New York in front of 400 people and his family. Of the three men arrested, Thomas Hagan was the only one who acknowledged his involvement in the assassination.

His autobiography, The Autobiography of Malcolm X, which was published a year later, increased his fame, making him an ideological hero, especially among young black people.

Since then, several movies, TV series and works have been produced that depict his life. Notable examples include the 1992 movie Malcolm X, which adapted his autobiography; the 2020 Netflix series Who Killed Malcolm X?, and the 2021 documentary Blood Brothers: Malcolm X and Muhammad Ali.

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Biography

Kevin Durant

Biography of Kevin Durant
By Keith Allison (Flickr: Kevin Durant) [CC BY-SA 2.0 ], from Wikimedia Commons

Biography of Kevin Durant

Kevin Wayne Durant (born September 29, 1988) is a professional basketball player. He was born in Washington D.C., United States. Durant plays the small forward position in the National Basketball Association (NBA). From a young age, he had a passion for the sport. In high school, he was a member of the basketball team and was considered the best player in the 2006 graduating class, along with Greg Oden. After graduation, Durant began playing basketball with various teams in the Maryland AAU league, where he played with Michael Beasley and Chris Braswell. His performance was outstanding, averaging 30 points per game, as well as 5 rebounds, 1.7 blocks, and 3.5 assists.

Beginnings of his basketball career

The young African American, Kevin Durant, played with Oak Hill Academy in the 2005 USA Today National Championship. During that season he was transferred to Montrose Christian School in Rockville, Maryland, coached by Stu Vetter. Durant had a spectacular performance and became the team leader. He was named the 2006 Male Basketball Player of the Year by The Washington Post. Later, he participated in the McDonald’s All American and was chosen co-MVP along with Chase Budinger. Durant spent one season at the University of Texas, where he averaged 25.8 points and 11.1 rebounds per game. At that time, his personal record for points in a game was 37.

In March 2007, Kevin Durant achieved the honor of being named the NCAA Division I Player of the Year by the National Association of Basketball Coaches (NABC). He was also the deserving recipient of the Oscar Robertson Trophy and the Adolph F. Rupp Trophy, making him the first freshman to win both awards. A month later, he received the Naismith Award, and six days later the John R. Wooden Award. At this time, his career was really at a high point, his name was being mentioned, respected and admired across the country. He was invited by USA Basketball to play for the national team, becoming the second freshman to achieve this, behind Greg Oden. He was selected as the second overall pick in the 2007 NBA Draft by the Seattle SuperSonics.

First season

In his first season, Kevin Durant averaged 20.3 points, 4.4 rebounds, and 2.4 assists, thus earning the Rookie of the Year award ahead of Al Horford of the Atlanta Hawks. He participated in the Rookie Challenge of the All-Star Weekend in 2008, held in New Orleans, although his performance was noteworthy, they failed to win against the sophomores, losing 136-109. The team he played for became the Oklahoma City Thunder. Durant was the undisputed leader of his team. He led the team in scoring again. He played in the Rookie Challenge again, this time facing the Sophomores. As a result of this game, he achieved a record in the rookie game by scoring 46 points and capturing 7 rebounds, which was surpassed only by LeBron James.

He was also selected to the All-NBA first team in 2009. That season, he also stood out by being the NBA scoring leader. He was also selected to play in the All-Star game during the All-Star Weekend. His team made it to the playoffs but were eliminated in the first round by the Los Angeles Lakers. He was also selected to play in the 2010 Turkey Basketball World Cup, where they won the championship and he was also named MVP. That season, he also broke his record of 3-pointers in a game, with 7 against Utah. Additionally, he was the NBA scoring leader, averaging 27.7 points, 6.8 rebounds and 2.7 assists.

On the other hand, Kevin Durant was selected again for the All-Star game during the All-Star Weekend. He was known for being a humble and sociable player. He always treated the media and the public with great respect. During the NBA playoffs, his team defeated the Denver Nuggets and the Memphis Grizzlies in the Western Conference Finals, but ultimately fell to the Dallas Mavericks. He also set his rebound record in the NBA with 18 against the Minnesota Timberwolves, and participated in the NBA three-point contest. When he defeated LeBron James in the NBA three-point contest, he reaffirmed his status as one of the best players in the NBA. He was selected to the All-NBA first team. At the end of the season, Durant participated with the national team in the 2012 London Olympics, where they won the gold medal. This season his team reached the NBA Finals against the Miami Heat of LeBron James.

In the NBA playoffs, his team surprisingly lost against the Memphis Grizzlies in the conference semifinals. Two years later, he achieved a record similar to Wilt Chamberlain. Additionally, Durant was selected for the All-Star game during the All-Star Weekend. That same year, he was the NBA scoring leader. In the NBA playoffs, his team lost in the conference finals against the San Antonio Spurs. Later on, he had to give up on the idea of going to the 2014 Basketball World Cup because of a previous injury that affected his physical condition. That season, his team did not qualify for the NBA playoffs.

2016

In 2016, Kevin Durant became a free agent with the Oklahoma City Thunder after his contract expired. In the NBA playoffs, his team was close to winning the final against the Golden State Warriors. In the summer, Kevin Durant joined the US basketball team for the 2016 Rio Olympics where they won the gold medal and his performance was widely admired. Later, he was signed by the Golden State Warriors, which was a shock to many as it was the first time he left his lifelong team.

First season with the Warriors

He was selected to play as a starter in the All-Star Game during the All-Star Weekend. In his first season with the Warriors, he won the NBA championship, his participation was essential to defeat the Cleveland Cavaliers. He dedicated this victory to his mother, Wanda Pratt, with whom he has a very close relationship. As a result, he was named the Most Valuable Player (MVP) of the Finals, with an average of 35 points in the five games played.

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Biography

Diego Ruzzarin

Biography of Diego Ruzzarin
Diego Ruzzarin , From Spotify

Biography of Diego Ruzzarin

Diego Bolson Ruzzarin is a Brazilian industrial designer, YouTuber, and author specialized in food design. He is the CEO and co-founder of Foodlosofia and Casanomo. He studied at the Tecnológico de Monterrey Institute and later obtained a master’s degree at the Politecnico di Torino in Turin. He worked at PepsiCo Mexico for four years as a research and development coordinator. In 2011, he joined Enivrance. Four years later, he founded Foodlosofia. He is the author of “Mexico food & design” (2016), “Diálogos por el porvenir” (with Simon Levy; 2021) and “Incongruencias Pseudointelectuales” (2021).

Early years

Ruzzarin was born in Brazil to an Italian family. His love for philosophy began in adolescence when he read “Beyond Good and Evil” by Nietzsche while he was in the bathroom. Between 2000 and 2005, he studied industrial design at the Tecnológico y Estudios Superiores de Monterrey Institute. Upon graduating that same year, he began his master’s in food design at the Politecnico di Torino in Turin. During his time in Italy, he met a chef who influenced his way of thinking about food differently.

Trajectory

Once his studies were completed, back in Brazil, he began his career in stage design and innovation at Marcopolo. Later, he moved to Mexico and in 2007 he began working for PepsiCo as a research and development coordinator at the Mexico City office. A year later, he was promoted to Brand Manager (2008-2009) and from 2009 to 2011 he served as R&D Manager.

In 2011, Ruzzarin left PepsiCo and became the director of Enivrance, a design and marketing agency focused on the Food and Beverage category. For the next three years, at Enivrance, he was the director and coordinator of offices in Paris, São Paulo, and Singapore. In 2013, he participated in Anuga, the most important food sector fair in Cologne, Germany.

Foodlosofia

Back in Mexico, along with businessman Ignacio de Zamacona, in 2014 he founded Foodlosofia. A design company focused on the food and beverage industry, whose goal is “to create profitable, scalable, and sustainable business models (…) that help transform basic products into experiences”. Kellogg’s, Heineken, and Cheetos are some of the company’s clients. In 2016, the company published its first book “Mexico food & design” (2016), described as “a love letter about Mexico and its unique connection with food and drinks”. The book is available for free reading on Issuu.

Over the years, Foodlosofia has become known for its innovative designs. In 2018, Zamacona and Ruzzarin were speakers at the TEDX talk “How design changes food”.

YouTube, Podcast, and fame

In 2018, Ruzzarin began uploading individual content to YouTube. On his channel, he addresses aspects of pop culture and current events such as the analysis of movies, songs, memes, and news of various sizes. That same year, his podcast “The Ruzzarin Bros” was born, recorded with his brothers Mateus, Andrés, and Marcelo. The first episode of the podcast was titled “Do Mexicans deserve corruption?”

Podcast Diego Ruzzarin

In 2021, he began recording his solo podcast. In its episodes, it addresses themes ranging from philosophy, anime, politics, and business management. Some of the highlighted episodes are: “Final analysis of Envagelion. Does Shinji finally want to get on the eva? Hermeneutics and Freud”, “Adrián Marcelo and Diego Ruzzarin vs Twitter Catholics” and “100 phrases of poetry and philology with Sharif | Why do you believe what you believe?”.

His rise to fame occurred on March 19, 2021, after a debate with Carlos “Master” Muñoz on marketing. Since then, he has become a viral reference for critical thinking.

Personal life

Currently, he is married to psychoanalyst Alejandra González Pugh and is the father of two children. He speaks 4 languages: English, Spanish, Portuguese, and Italian. He has lived in various countries around the world due to his work.

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Artist

Stephen Sanchez

Biography of Stephen Sanchez
Stephen Sanchez, From Instagram

Biography of Stephen Sanchez

Stephen Sánchez (born November 3, 2002) is an American pop singer who gained fame through TikTok postings. He was born in North Carolina and began his career writing songs in his bedroom. After his video for “Lady by the Sea” received over two million views on TikTok, he signed a record contract with Republic Records. In 2020, he released his original single and a year later, his debut EP “What Was, Not Now” was released to great success, featuring the hit single “Until I Found You”. Other hits of his include “Kayla,” “The Pool,” and “I Want You”.

Who is Stephen Sánchez?

Stephen Sánchez is an American singer-songwriter who gained fame through TikTok postings. Fell in love with music while visiting his maternal grandparents’ house. There, he spent countless hours searching for and listening to records by artists such as Frank Sinatra, The Platters, Nat King Cole, and The Ink Spots. Later, through the radio, he discovered Foster The People and Cage The Elephant. These artists inspired him to start playing the guitar and then to start writing songs in his bedroom.

In high school, Stephen Sánchez earned the reputation of being “the guitar guy.” In 2019, he uploaded a live version of “On Nights When It’s Cold” to YouTube without much expectation. After a while, he decided to try his luck on TikTok, where he began to gain recognition with short videos. In June 2020, he posted a version of Cage The Elephant’s “Cigarette Day Dreams” that became very popular, with over 161,000 views on the app. Slowly, he built an audience and by 2020 had over 122,000 followers.

Lady by the Sea

 

@stephensanchezofficial

This is a song I wrote called, “Lady By The Sea”. In the simplest way, it’s about a girl who plays hard to get while hangin’ out on the beach. #fyp

♬ Lady By The Sea by Stephen Sanchez – Stephen Sanchez

In June 2020, Sánchez posted a video singing his original song “Lady by the Sea” on TikTok. The song quickly went viral, receiving over 2 million views and 480,000 likes, attracting the attention of Jeremy Zucker. Zucker offered to produce the official version of the single. Finally, the single was released on July 7, 2020 and from the start, the song had 4.5 million streams on Spotify. As a result, Sánchez quickly signed a contract with Republic Records and in October 2020, he moved to the studio in Nashville. From there, he recorded all the material for his debut EP.

Before the debut

His next single, “Kayla,” was released in July 2021. Then, in September, the promotional single “Until I Found You” was released and became a viral hit upon release. “Until I Found You” went viral on TikTok, accumulated a large number of streams on Spotify, was included on the Retro Pop chart, and reached number five on the Spotify Daily Viral Songs chart. It also rose to number eight on the Apple singer-songwriter chart.

“Music is healing. It’s therapy. That’s the hope.” -Stephen Sánchez

 

What Was, Not Now EP

On October 15, 2020, Sánchez released his debut EP “What Was, Not Now”. The EP consisted of a total of six songs, all inspired by love, heartbreak, and the good and bad times experienced in his life. In addition to “Kayla” and “Until I Found You,” the EP included: “I Want You,” “The Pool,” “Love Live,” “Until We Meet Again,” and “Hold Her While You Can.” Upon release, “Hold Her While You Can” and “Until I Found You” quickly made their way onto charts.

In April 2022, Sánchez released a new version of “Until I Found You” featuring Em Beihold. A lyric video was also released with the new version.

Currently, Sánchez has over 2 million monthly listeners on his verified Spotify page.

Curiosities of Stephen Sanchez

  • He wrote the song “Until I Found You” in just ten minutes and sent a voice note to the person who inspired the song, who he liked a lot. The song is about a girl he likes.

    “I wrote the song in about 10 minutes and then I made a voice note and sent it to her. She loved it… and that’s all the song needed to be, it was just a song about a girl I like, you know?”

  • His musical influences are Elvis Presley, The Platters, The Ink Spots, and The Mills Brothers, who have inspired part of his latest EP: Easy On My Eyes.
  • He has had an obsession with 1950s style since he was a child. He is fascinated by glamorous cars, cinemas, and vibrant colors of that era.

Discography

EP

  • What Was, Not Now (2021)

Songs

  • Lady by the Sea
  • Until I Found You
  • Kayla
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Biography

Martina Navrátilová

biography of Martina Navrátilová
Martina Navrátilová, From Instagram

Biography of Martina Navrátilová

Martina Navratilova (born October 18, 1956) is a former Czech tennis player, who became an American citizen in 1981. She is considered the best tennis player of the 1980s. Navratilova began her career in her teenage years and won her first title at age 14. From the age of 19, she began competing in the United States, where she quickly gained recognition and won her first Wimbledon title in 1978. She won this title again eight times between 1979 and 1990. In 1993, she faced Jimmy Connors in the “Battle of the Sexes” and a year later ended her career in the final of the Roland Garros.

Early years

Martina Navratilova was born in Revnice, Czechoslovakia (now the Czech Republic) on October 18, 1956. She is the daughter of Jana Navratilova and Mirek Subert. From a young age, she played various sports such as soccer and hockey, and was good at skiing. However, tennis was always her main passion; her grandmother was a tennis player and her parents worked in the government’s tennis department. Navratilova’s innate skills quickly came to light, and at the age of 14 she won her first national tournament and at 16 she was number one in the Czechoslovak ranking. Thanks to this, she traveled to several countries.

With the aim of advancing her career, in 1975 she applied for American citizenship, which caused several problems in her country, as it was seen as a betrayal. Despite Navratilova explaining that it was only for her career, she was banned from entering the country for several years and her family was prohibited from leaving. Navratilova had to wait until 1981 to be recognized as an American.

Career as a tennis player

After achieving success in her home country, Navratilova became a formidable opponent on the international courts. She was the best tennis player of the 1980s and, in fact, was ranked first in the WTA from 1982 to 1987. In 1978 she won her first international title by triumphing at the Wimbledon tournament. A year later she won this title again and then did so six times consecutively between 1982 and 1987. Her ninth and last Wimbledon trophy came in 1990 against Zina Garrison with a score of 6-4 and 6-1.

Navratilova won the Roland Garros championship for the first time in 1982 and won the second one in 1984. A year later she won her first Flushing Meadows, and then won this title again in 1984, 1986 and 1987. During this same period, she also won the Australian Open three times (1981, 1983 and 1985). In addition, she won six Masters (1980, 1981, 1982, 1984, 1985 and 1986) and five Federation Cups (1981, 1982, 1986, 1989 and 1990).

Her then exceptional career led her to face Jimmy Connors in the “Battle of the Sexes” in 1993, where she was defeated with a score of 7-5 and 6-2. Although she initially planned to retire years later, the arrival of Steffi Graf and the scandal caused by the separation from her romantic partner, Judy Nelson, brought forward her plans. Navratilova retired from the courts in 1994, after participating in the final of the Roland Garros against the Spanish player Arantxa Sánchez.

Later she returned to tennis, competing in the mixed doubles category. She won the Australian Open in 2003 and was runner-up at the Roland Garros in 2005. In 2006, she retired from the courts definitively.

Personal life

Navratilova was aware of her attraction to women since she was 18 years old, however, she avoided talking about it due to the way people in the LGBT+ community were treated in her country. Once she obtained American citizenship, she came out. She was married to Judy Nelson, from whom she separated in 1991.

She has participated in several campaigns in support of the LGBT+ community and has appeared on several television shows. She is known for participating in the sitcom “Will & Grace”. She has also written two autobiographies (Martina and Being Myself) and three novels.

Currently, she is considered an icon of the LGBT+ community.

Diagnosis of throat cancer and breast cancer

In January 2023, the great tennis player was diagnosed with throat and breast cancer. Months earlier, she had noticed an enlarged lymph node in her neck during the Women’s Tennis Association finals in Fort Worth. A biopsy revealed that she had stage 1 throat cancer. Later, during tests to evaluate the growth of throat cancer, doctors discovered an unrelated breast cancer. This is Navratilova’s second treatment for cancer. In 2010, she announced that she was being treated for breast cancer after a tumor was detected during a routine mammogram. The tumor was surgically removed and Navratilova underwent a brief course of radiation therapy.

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