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Artist

Eminem

Eminem Biography

Eminem Biography

Marshall Bruce Mathers III, rapper, composer, producer, discography and American actor. Known professionally as Eminem (often stylized as EMINƎM), it comes from the union of the Marshall Mathers initials: M & M. He was born in Saint Joseph, Missouri-United States, on October 17, 1972.

His childhood was not easy. He grew up in the absence of the father who left home when he was six months old. He lived in several states with his mother Deborah Mathers – Briggs and at the age of 12, they settled in the suburbs of Detroit (Michigan). At the age of 17, he left school.

He was an amateur performer of rap at the age of fourteen and under the pseudonym, “M & M” joined a group called Bassmint Productions where he released his first EP “Steppin ‘Onto The Scene.”

In 1992, Mathers initially signed with Bass Brothers, which has been directed by brothers Jeff and Mark Bass. At that time Mathers still earned a minimum wage working at Gilbert’s rustic restaurant on St.

On November 12, 1996, was released by Web Entertainment “Infinite” his first album, this album features songs by Proof, Eye-Kyu and Angela Workmen on a track “Swearchin.” Infinite received mixed reviews from critics who praised its lyrical content.

In the year of 1999, he became popular with his studio album “The Slim Shady LP” with which he won a Grammy Award for the best rap album. Then with his new album “The Marshall Mathers LP” became the best selling hip hop album in history. Eminem gained more popularity, highlighting his own record label Shady Records, and brought his group D12 to a general recognition. In June of that year, he married Kimberley Anne.

In the 2000s, Eminem was the best selling artist in the United States and throughout his career, he had 10 number one albums on the Billboard 200 and five number one singles on the Billboard Hot 100. With 47.4 million albums sold in the United States and 155 million albums worldwide, he is the only artist to have eight albums that debuted consecutively at number 1 on the Billboard 200. Rolling Stone placed him at number 83 on his list of the 100 best artists of all time, calling him the King of Hip Hop.

“The Marshall Mathers LP” and their third album, “The Eminem Show” also won Grammy awards in 2001 and 2003 and also won the Oscar for best original song for the single “Lose Yourself” from the movie 8 Mile, in which he played the main role. “The Eminem Show” sold 30 million copies worldwide and was the best-selling album in 2002.

On December 8, 2003, the Secret Service of the United States reported that it was investigating allegations that Eminem had threatened the President of the United States.

In 2004 he launched “Encore” which was another success. Despite the humorous theme of his lead soloist, “Encore” explored serious themes with the song against the war. On October 25 a week before the 2004 US presidential election, Eminem released the “Mosh” video on the Internet. Also in 2004, he launched a satellite music channel, Shade 45, on Sirius radio, which was described by his manager as “essentially a destination to hear things that other people are not listening to.”

Eminem started a break after traveling in 2005 for the tour of his album “Encore” and after several years, he released his fifth album entitled “Relapse” on May 19, 2009; his first single and music video, “We Made You” he released on April 7 and his sixth album “Recovery” in 2010. Both won Grammy Awards and Recovery was the best selling album in the world.

Eminem’s eighth album was “The Marshall Mathers LP 2” in 2013, he won two Grammy awards including the best rap album; he expanded his record of the most victories in that category and his Grammy total to 15. With Recovery, Eminem broke the record for the most successful number one albums in the United States by a single artist.

Eminem is the only rapper with two albums certified with diamonds, was the first artist in five years with two number one albums (Recovery and Hell: The Sequel) in a period of 12 months.

On February 11, 2013, Shady Records president and Eminem manager Paul Rosenberg reported that the rapper’s eighth album would be released after Memorial Day, 2013, but even then the title of the album had not been revealed.

During the VMA of 2013, Eminem announced that the name of his album would be “The Marshall Mathers LP 2” and that it would be available from November 5, released by Aftermath Entertainment, Shady Records and Interscope Records.

The main single “Berzerk” was released on August 25, debuting at # 3 on the Billboard Hot 100. The singles that followed were “Survival” which was included in the video game Call of Duty: Ghosts; “Rap God” and “The Monster” (song ) with Rihanna.

In the United Kingdom, “The Marshall Mathers LP 2” debuted at number one on the list. He was the first American artist with seven consecutive albums number one in the United Kingdom. The album ensured Eminem’s position as the best-selling artist in Canada.

 

On June 10, it was announced that the rapper was the first artist to receive two digital diamond certifications by the RIAA. On July 11 and 12, Eminem played two concerts at Wembley Stadium. At the 57 Grammy Awards, he received the “Best Rap Album Award for The Marshall Mathers LP 2 and Best Rap / Sung Collaboration.” (With Rihanna) for “The Monster.”

On November 3, he was named the YouTube Music Awards’ first Artist of the Year, and a week later he received the Global Icon Award at the 2013 MTV EMA Music Awards.

The MMLP2 became Eminem’s seventh album to debut at number one on the Billboard 200. The album also achieved the second biggest sale in the debut week of the year. After this, Eminem became the first since The Beatles to achieve 4 consecutive songs in the Top 20 of the Billboard Hot 100.

On November 10, 2013, Eminem was honored as a global icon and winner of the Best Hip-Hop Artist category in the 2013 EMAs.

On November 24, 2014, he released a double album, compiled by several artists of Shady Records, the record label of rapper Eminem. This album was released in honor of the 15th anniversary of the Shady Records label and features the special appearances of Skylar Gray, Kobe, and Sia. Its release was on physical disk and as a digital download.

In the summer of 2014, Eminem and Rosenberg started using the hashtag (#SHADYXV) on social networking sites. The rapper wore a shirt with the hashtag on the stage, later revealing that this was the name of an upcoming Shady compilation. Records The album debuted at number three on the Billboard 200 chart.

On March 12, 2015, the official set of 10-disc vinyl boxes, Eminem Box Set was released, which includes seven of Eminem’s eight studio albums (excluding “Infinite”).

In September 2016, Eminem appeared in Skylar Gray’s song, “Kill For You” which appears on her album Natural Causes. On October 19, he released a new song called “Campaign Speech” a hip-hop political song and announced that he was working on a new album. On November 17, he released a remastered version of ‘Infinite’ on his YouTube VEVO channel. On November 22, he also released a trailer for a short 10-minute documentary called Partners in Rhyme: The True Story of Infinite.

In the month of February of 2017, Eminem appeared in “No Favors” a song of the album of Big Sean. In October he appeared in “Revenge” a song from the album Pink Trauma Beautiful.

Later in November, the first single “Walk on Water” was released and presented to Beyoncé. The song was presented for the first time, by Eminem, at the MTV Europe Music Awards 2017 on November 12, featuring Skylar Gray.

On December 8, Eminem released a promotional single titled “Intocable” featuring a sample of the Cheech & Chong duo.

On January 5, 2018, the second single “River” was released, which was presented to Ed Sheeran. It became the eighth consecutive album by Eminem to reach the Billboard 200 in the United States after its release, with 197,000 copies sold in its first week.

 

Discography

  • 1996: Infinity.
  • 1999: The Slim Shady LP.
  • 2000: The album by Marshall Mathers.
  • 2002: The Eminem show.
  • 2004: Encore.
  • 2009: Relapse.
  • 2010: Recovery.
  • 2013: The Marshall Mathers LP 2.
  • 2017: Revival.

 

Filmography

  • 2000: Da Hip Hop Witch.
  • 2001: The Wash.
  • 2002: 8 Mile.
  • 2009: Funny People.
  • 2014: The Interview.

 

AWARDS

Academy Awards

  • 2002: Lose Yourself (Best Original Song).

American Music Awards

  • 2003: The Eminem Show (Favorite R & B / Hip-Hop Album).
  • 2005: Eminem (Male Artist of Rap / Hip-Hop Favorite).
  • 2010: Eminem (Male Artist of Rap / Hip-Hop Favorite).
  • 2010: Recovery (Favorite Rap / Hip-Hop Album).

Barbados Music Awards

  • 2011: Love the Way You Lie (featured Rihanna). Better collaboration
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Artist

Paul Signac

Paul Signac Biography
Georges Seurat / Public domain

Paul Signac Biography

Paul Victor Signac (November 11, 1863 – August 15, 1935) was born in Paris, France. A Painter considered one of the most prominent exponents of neo-impressionism with Georges Seurat, a painter with whom he had a close relationship. Signac was born into a wealthy family which allowed him to devote himself fully to painting.

By the mid-1880s, he studied arts and honed his skills in Bin’s workshop. In the early years of his career, he became interested in impressionism, an artistic movement that continued until he met Seurat. Along with this he ventured into pointillism or divisionism, an artistic technique of which Signac is one of the most important exponents. In his works, he painted landscapes of southern France and other regions that he visited on his ship.

Studies and beginnings

Born into a wealthy family, he was able to devote himself to study and the arts without restrictions. In 1882, he joined the École des Arts-Décoratifs de Paris (School of Decorative Arts). For the same period, he attended the free workshop of Bin, painter, and politician, who was then mayor of Montmartre. In the course of the following years, he collaborated in the creation of the Société des Artistes Indépendants, founded in 1884. He was the vice president in 1903 and president six years later. He also participated actively in the creation of the Salon des Indépendants.

In 1886, he was part of the IX Impressionist Exhibition, along with renowned painters such as Seurat, Edgar Degas, Camille Pissarro, Jean-Louis Forain and Paul Gauguin. In these early years, his paintings reflected the influence of Pissarro, Pierre Auguste Renoir, and Claude Monet.

Career

Towards the end of the 19th century, Signac began to lean towards the style proposed by Seurat, deepening the pointillist technique. In those first paintings, he painted the Mediterranean coasts and the banks of the Seine, lighthouses, coasts, among others.

In 1899, he raised his aesthetic ideas in the book De Eugène Delacroix to Neo-impressionism (1899), a work in which he defended the techniques of neo-impressionists. School that emerged in 1886 from the hand of Seurat and Signac. Camille Pissarro, Maximilien Luce Théo van Rysselberghe and Henri-Edmond Cross also participated in this.

Some characteristics of this artistic movement are the concern for volume, the development of shapes without defined profiles, the order in the composition and the use of pure basic colors, which when used in a pointillist painting would create an optical illusion that gives more luminosity in painting. This idea is based on the theory of the simultaneous contrast of colors by Michel Eugéne Chevreul.

Antibes – Morning, Paul Signac (1914)

When Seurat died, Signac moved to Saint-Tropez, (Cote d’Azur, France), a town where he remained until 1911. Throughout his life he traveled and sailed through different countries such as Italy and Turkey, also toured France. During these trips visited La Rochelle, Marseille, Venice, and Istanbul, among others. Those experiences served as inspiration for his paintings, in which he represented maritime scenes. Within those trips, he painted a large number of watercolors.

Throughout time, he ceased to strictly follow the rules of pointillism, widening the brushstrokes as seen in the paintings Samois, Departure of tuna vessels in Groix, La Seine au Pont-Royal, and Rivière de Vannes. From 1913, Signac traveled to Antibes, where he spent long stays, keeping his studio in Paris. During this period, he was president of the Société des Artistes Indépendants, a position he held from 1909 until his death on August 15, 1935, in Paris.

In the course of his career, Signac painted a large number of paintings and watercolors. In most of these, he applied pointillism, a technique developed by Seurat. Most of these paintings represented maritime scenes, although, he also painted still lives, decorative compositions, and everyday scenes. Among his most outstanding works are Opus 217. Against the Enamel of a Background Rhythmic with Beats and Angles, Tones, and Tints (1890), Woman by the Lamp (1890), The Papal Palace in Avignon (1900), Grand Canal ( 1905), The Port of Rotterdam (1907), Antibes, the towers (1911), Port of La Rochelle (1921) and Lézardrieux (1925).

In the last years of his career, he painted various watercolors in which he did not strictly follow the rules of pointillism; for this period he became friends with Belgian painters who subsequently formed a group of neo-impressionists.

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Artist

Paul Gauguin

Paul Gauguin Biography
Paul Gauguin / Public domain

Paul Gauguin Biography

Eugène Henri Paul Gauguin (June 7, 1848 – May 8, 1903) was born in Paris, France. Painter. Considered one of the most prominent exponents of post-impressionism with Vincent van Gogh, Paul Cézanne, Henri Matisse, Georges Pierre Seurat, Camille Pissarro, and Paul Signac, among others.

Gauguin began to be interested in art in the early 1870s, at which time he acquired various works of impressionist art and took classes, later he comes into contact with artists such as Camille Pisarro with whom he began working. His first works influenced by Impressionism were exhibited at the Impressionist Exhibition of 1879. By the end of that decade, he faced serious economic and family problems, which affected his reputation. During this period his work changed radically, an event that was influenced by his relationship with Vincent van Gogh and his trip to Martinique. His most famous paintings are: The Seine on the Jena Bridge, (1875), Rouen, blue roofs, (1884), Laundresses of Arles (1888), The Green Christ (1889), Manao Tupapau (1892) and where we come? About us? Where we go? (1897).

Early years

Son of Clovis Gauguin and Aline Chazal, his father was a French journalist and his mother was a native of Peru. After the coup d’etat of Napoleon III in 1851, the family moved to Peru, where he lived for four years. He was raised in a middle-class family. While growing up he was attracted to the sea, which led him to enroll in the merchant marine with only 17 years, later joined the Navy. At that time, he visited different countries in South America and Europe.

By the beginning of the 1870s, he returned to Paris, where he began working at a financial company, shortly afterward he married Mette-Sophie Gad, with whom he had five children. Thanks to his work he was able to live with his family comfortably. At that same time, he began to be interested in painting and Parisian art, which is why he took painting classes and bought various works by impressionist painters such as Camille Pissarro, Édouard Manet, Paul Cézanne and Claude Monet.

Artistic career

After taking classes and coming into contact with the Parisian artistic environment, he began painting his first works, in which the influence of impressionism is reflected. The first of these was the lake in the plain (1874). The following year he became friends with Camille Pissarro, an impressionist painter with whom he began working since then. During these years, Gauguin made various paintings such as The Seine on the Jena Bridge (1875), Autumn Landscape (1877), Mette Gauguin Sewing (1878), Garden Under the Snow (1879) and The Hortelanos de Vaugirard (1879). These consolidated the career of the young artist. Upon gaining recognition from other impressionist artists he was invited to the Impressionist Exhibition of 1879, in which works by Monet, Pissarro, Edgar Degas, and Mary Cassat were exhibited.

In the following years, he was part of the Impressionist exhibitions, which became the center of the debate of the movement; recognized painters such as Jean-Louis Forain, Berthe Morisot, Henri Rouart, Victor Vignon, Georges Seurat and Paul Signac participated in these.

In 1883, the Parisian stock market collapsed, so Gauguin decided to make his passion for art his profession. Dedicating himself completely to this artistic activity. The following year he moved with his family to Copenhagen, the city where his wife’s family lived. During his stay, he sought financial support from the family. However, his attempts failed, shortly after he abandoned his wife and children, an event that affected his reputation. In the following years, Gauguin was rejected by the society of the time.

Gauguin and post-impressionist painting

Towards the end of the 1880s, his paintings and ideas changed. He began to move away from impressionism, without completely denying it. His new style was within the framework of what became known as synthesism, a term used by post-impressionist painters to distinguish their work from impressionism. This turn that his work had was influenced by his relationship with the Dutch painter, Vincent Van Gogh, who at that time visited his brother in Paris. This short stay on the island of Martinique also influenced this change.

Between 1886 and 1888 he followed Van Gogh, impressed by his work he traveled to Arles with him in 1888, where he hoped to work together. However, the personalities of these collided leading to this project to fail. From this period, the works stand out: Four Bretons (1886), Still Life with a Profile of Laval (1886), Near the Sea II (1887), Conversation in the Tropics (1887) and Portrait of Madelaine Bernard (1888).

Conversation TropiquesAfter he failed in Arles he returned to Paris, where he began to deepen his interest in popular art influenced by his friend Émile Bernard. During this period, he developed with Bernard the style that distinguished them from the Impressionists, the synthesis. A style that was characterized by the delineation of the color zones, which contrasted strongly in the painting, likewise, it did not seek to represent impressions or imitate scenes. This style rejected the techniques and bases of Impressionism.

In the last years of his career, Gauguin traveled and spent a long time in the Marquesas and Tahiti Islands. While residing in these islands he painted scenes of daily life and scenes that alluded to the culture and beliefs of the inhabitants of the island, such as La Orana Maria (1891), On the beach (1981), Upaupa, The dance of fire (1891) The house of the hymns (1892), the canoe (1896), The idol (1897), Where do we come from? About us? Where we go? (1897) and invocation (1903). During these last years of his career, the painter’s health deteriorated, he died on May 8, 1903, in the Marquesas Islands.

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Artist

Henri Rousseau

Henri Rousseau Biography
Public domain

Henri Rousseau Biography

Henri Julien Félix Rousseau (May 21, 1844 – September 2, 1910) was born in Laval, France. Painter, considered one of the key figures of the naive artistic current, a style that was characterized by naivety and spontaneity exposed in his works. Rousseau became known in the Parisian artistic environment in the mid-1880s, at which time his work was exhibited in the Hall of Independents, where the works of great post-impressionist artists such as Georges Seurat, Paul Signac, Edgar Degas, Camille Pissarro, and Paul Gauguin, were exhibited, among others.

Due to his humble origin, he could not train academically as an artist. However, with discipline and effort, he learned in a self-taught way, managing to develop his talent without specialized training. Before devoting himself fully to painting, he worked as an employee of the arbitrary, a profession that was inspired by his nickname, The Customs. Among his most recognized works are The War (1894), The Sleeping Gypsy (1897) and The Snake Charmer (1907).

Early years

He was born in a humble family, attended his academic studies while doing small jobs. During his youth he enlisted in the army, being part of it for four years. In the 1870s, he was on the battlefield due to the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War, after the death of his father was sent home. In 1871 he settled with his wife, Clémence Boitard in Paris, a city where he began working as an employee of the arbitration, municipal tax office that is responsible for collecting taxes. While working he began to be interested in poetry, music, and art, passionate about them, but without being able to pay for his studies, he learned everything necessary in a self-taught way.

Artistic career

Since the end of the 1870s he began painting and drawing, subsequently came into contact with the Parisian artistic environment, drawing the attention of some post-impressionist artists. In 1886, his first known work, The Carnival of Animals, was exhibited, in which the influence of academic painting and its detailed representation is perceived, in this use intense colors and moderate shades. This application of colors is one of the characteristics of Rousseau’s works.

In the 1890s, he retired from his work to focus on his artistic production, by then his work had been ridiculed. However, he began to gain the attention of the public and the impressionist and post-impressionist artists after the publication of a series of works in which the naive style is reflected, of which it is one of the greatest exponents.

The first work of this series was the portrait titled, Myself: Portrait-Landscape (1890), followed by Tiger in a tropical storm (1891), a painting in which he used intense colors to represent the hard moment a tiger was going through when facing a tropical storm; a short time later he presented Centennial of Independence (1892), a work that illustrated the celebration of the anniversary of independence.

Two years later, he painted The War (1894), a painting that alluded to the horrors of war, in which you can see a field covered with bodies and a wild-looking floor; the rawness of the theme contrasted with the naive style of the painting. These works caught the attention of the impressionist Degas and the primitive post-impressionist Gauguin, among other artists of the same artistic environment. The following year he presented Boy on the Rocks (1895), followed by The Sleeping Gypsy (1897), one of his best-known works, in this, the painter illustrated a lady lying next to a lion in an unreal environment, which refers to the dream world, thematic that was frequently addressed in his works.

The Dream (1910)

In the early years of the twentieth century, Rousseau’s work was admired and widely recognized, among his most prominent admirers are Pablo Picasso and Guillaume Apollinaire, a writer who appreciated the poetic way in which he expressed himself in his paintings. In the mid-1900s, Rousseau began painting a series of jungle scenes, which attracted public attention for attention to detail and the use of bright colors, among these stand out hungry lion attacking an antelope (1905), The Merry Jesters (1906) The Snake Charmer (1907), The Equatorial Jungle (1909), Mandrill in the Jungle (1909) and The Dream (1910). In these, the painter referred to the lost natural paradise, represented as an exotic world. These works profoundly influenced the naive artistic current and other imaginative currents that subsequently emerged.

For this same period, he painted various portraits, urban scenes and scenes of everyday life such as weddings and sporting events, among these are: The girl with a doll (1905) and The Football Players (1908). His last work was The Dream (1910), a painting in which he illustrated the exotic dream of a young woman resting on a sofa; This work is connected with Snake Charmer and her works on jungle scenes.

In the last years of his life, his career was hampered by the rise of primitivism. After a career of highs and lows, Rousseau died on September 2, 1910.

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Artist

Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec

Public domain

Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec Biography

Henri Marie Raymond of Toulouse-Lautrec (November 24, 1864 – September 9, 1901) was born in Albi, France. Painter, draftsman and poster artist, considered one of the most outstanding artists of the 18th century, in his works he frequently represented the Parisian nightlife.

Toulouse-Lautrec was interested in art from an early age, thanks to his family origin he was able to devote himself fully to cultivate his passion for drawing. Due to two accidents he suffered while practicing sports, his lower limbs were stunted, so he did not reach the appropriate height for someone his age. That situation did not affect his social life, nor his artistic career. In the 1880s he opened his workshop, in which he developed most of his artistic production, which was influenced by the work of artists such as Edgar Degas, Vincent van Gogh, and Paul Gauguin, as well as the Japanese prints ukiyo-e. His most recognized works are The stable of the Fernando circus (1888), Dance at the Moulin Rouge (1890), At the Opera Ball (1893) and In the hall of rue des Moulins (1894).

Early years

He was born into an aristocratic family, his parents were Alphonse de Toulouse-Lautrec-Monfa and Countess Adèle Tapié de Celeyran, first-degree relatives; due to their consanguinity, Henri suffered a disease that affected the proper development of his bones. In 1868, his parents divorced and the four-year-old boy was in the care of his mother. He lived with her in the French county of Albi until 1873, the year in which the family moved to Paris. A year later the disease began to manifest itself. However, the family did not let this affect the child’s life. Henri had a calm and happy childhood and adolescence, during these years he played sports and began to be interested in art. While practicing sports he suffered two accidents (1878 and 1879) which seriously affected his lower extremities, since then they grew little, which is why Henri measured 1.52 m.

The beginnings

Towards the end of the 1870s he began painting in the workshop of René Princeteau, an outstanding painter of equestrian and military subjects, he later studied painting the art studies of Léon Bonnat and Fernand Cormon. During this training period he met the post-impressionist painters Émile Bernard, Louis Anquetin and Vincent van Gogh, of the latter he made a portrait in which colors abound, he is currently in the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam. This contact with artists of the post-impressionist artistic movement profoundly influenced the works of Toulouse-Lautrec, an artistic one that, as time went by, began to be part of this school, following the expressionist line with Van Gogh.

Artistic career

In 1885 he opened his workshop in Montmartre, where he carried out most of his artistic productions, influenced by the Parisian artistic environment that at that time was leaving aside impressionism as such, to give way to schools that inspired by it rejected its rigor, such as the neo-impressionist school of Seurat and Signac or the synthesis of Gauguin. During this period his works were influenced by the style of Edgar Degas and the ukiyo-e, Japanese prints; of these works he appreciated characteristics such as the use of colors, the enhancement given to the focus of the painting and the way of capturing certain scenes.

In the course of his artistic career Toulouse-Lautrec, he had an active social life, which led him to move in the bohemian atmosphere of Montmartre. He was a regular customer in cafes, theaters and dance halls also frequented brothels and other entertainment establishments. These experiences were the inspiration of his work in which he shaped the bohemian atmosphere, especially drew singers, dancers and circus characters. Since the end of the 1880s, the development of his style can be seen in his works, as reflected in At the Cirque Fernando (1888), in which he represented the world of the circus and its dazzling shows.

At the Moulin Rouge: The Dance (1890)

At the Moulin Rouge: The Dance (1890)

In the 1890s he began to illustrate the atmosphere of the Moulin Rouge, emphasizing the dancers and dance scenes, by this time he drew Dance in the Moulin Rouge (1890), Moulin Rouge: La Goulue (1891), The English in the Moulin Rouge (1892), In the Moulin Rouge: two women dancing (1892) and Jane Avril. Garden of Paris (1893); it is worth mentioning that Jane Avril is considered the muse of the young artist. The following year he painted in the hall of rue des Moulins (1894), a work in which he represented the atmosphere of the brothel. In this decade he drew numerous advertising posters on cabarets and commercial products, through which he laid the foundations for poster design. Among the most outstanding works are Divan Japanese (1893), Photographer Sescau (1894), The Mademoiselle Eglantine Company (1896) and The Simpson Chain (1896).

Towards the end of the 1890s, the health of the young artist deteriorated due to alcohol consumption, which is why he was admitted to hospital in 1899, to carry out an ethyl detoxification treatment. During this period he experimented with the use of colors and artificial light. In these years he drew Madame Poupoule at Her Dressing Table (1898), The Bed (1898), At the circus, horse and monkey dressage (1899) and At the Circus The Animal Trainer (1899).

The latest creations Toulouse-Lautrec, reflected the crisis that was going through, becoming bleak as seen in At the Rat Mort (1899), Woman in a Chemise Standing by a Bed (1899), The Milliner (1900), An Examination at the Faculty of Medicine, Paris (1901) and In the Bois de Boulogne (1901). After the deterioration of his health, the young artist died on September 9, 1901, at the age of thirty-six. Currently, part of his work is preserved in the Toulouse-Lautrec Museum, located in Albi.

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Artist

Halsey

Halsey Biography
Toglenn / CC BY-SA

Halsey Biography

Ashley Nicolette Frangipane (September 29, 1994) was born in New Jersey, United States. Singer and songwriter considered one of the most outstanding female artists of recent years. Frangipane is known by her stage name Halsey, a name that is an anagram of her first name (Ashley). This was released on the pop music scene in the early 2010s, when it became a trend for its covers and the parody of the song I Knew You Were Trouble by Taylor Swift, subsequently published the debut EP Room 93 (2014), of which the successes Ghost, Hurricane, and Trouble stood out.

In the following years, the artist established herself as a strong figure in the scene with themes such as Colors, New Americana, Castle, Now or Never, Bad at Love and Closer. The artist has excelled for her support of the LGBTQIA community and feminism, participating in various marches for gender equity and respect for human rights.

Beginnings

Daughter of Nicole and Chris Frangipane, she has Dante and Sevian as brothers. She was born in a humble family, from an early age she was interested in music and she was supported by her family. As she grew up she learned to play the viola, the violin, and the cello, then she started playing the acoustic guitar. Over time, she decided to continue seriously her passion for music specializing in fine arts at the university, however, the costs were too high, so she went to a community college in which she studied composition, area in which she was deeply interested, becoming the means of expressing her sorrows and joys.

At eighteen, while she was studying, she began to face serious economic problems, which is why she began to work presenting herself in different cities with varied artistic names, at this time she chose her artistic name, Halsey, since it was an anagram of her first name. In these years, she uploaded covers of songs on YouTube, with her name through which she was gaining popularity, later she created her account on SoundCloud, in which she uploaded her compositions, which were well received by the public.

 

Career

After becoming known on YouTube and SoundCloud, she drew the attention of the Astralwerks label with which she signed a contract a short time later. Under this label she released on October 27th the debut EP Room 93 (2014), this included Is There Somewhere, Ghost, Hurricane, Empty Gold, and Trouble, also included four special videos. After the publication, the EP was gaining popularity becoming a trend, also, it positioned itself in the 159th position of the Billboard 200. Later, Halsey joined the tour of the band The Kooks as an opening act.

In 2015 the singer rose to fame becoming one of the most mentioned artists online, after appearing in the South by Southwest, an event about films, interactive media, and music, of which the singer was part. That same year she undertook her first musical tour called, The American Youth Tour, which took place between March and April, in which the band Rising Sons and singer Olivver The Kid participated as guests. For mid-year Halsey, she was chosen as the opening act of the Smoke & Mirrors Tour of Imagine Dragons, in her presentation she interpreted some EP songs and other unpublished songs such as Colors, Control, Castle, Haunting and Roman Holiday, which would be included in the singer’s next album.

Starting June, she published the single Hold Me Down through his YouTube channel, this was included in the album Badlands (2015), a disc of the conceptual type inspired by a dystopian society called The Badlands, in which its inhabitants are held captive. The artist mentioned that this setting was the reflection of her mental state since on several occasions she wanted to escape from reality and the frustration that was linked to her condition as a bipolar person, a disorder she has talked about in various interviews and which has inspired some of her songs. Badlands included successful songs such as New Americana, Colors, Control and Castle.

In 2016 she published the EP Complementary Colors (2016), which consisted of five remixes of Colors, followed by the release of Tokyo Narita. By the end of the year, she collaborated with the American DJ duo, The Chainsmokers in Closer, a song that quickly became a trend, positioning itself in the US music tops. After the success of the song, Closer Remixes came out with R3hab, Shaun Frank, among others.

In mid-2017 she released Hopeless fountain kingdom (2017), an album that consisted of seventeen songs among these varied collaborations such as Strangers with Lauren Jauregui, Hopeless with Cashmere Cat, Alone with Big Sean and Stefflon Don and Lie with Quavo; from this stand out the song, it is Now or Never, Eyes Closed, Bad at Love, Sorry and Alone. Shortly after being published the album was positioned on the Billboard 200. This was chosen as one of the 50 best albums of the year by Billboard and Rolling Stone.

The following year already as a consolidated artist Halsey participated in Women’s March, a march for women’s rights in which various celebrities and figures of feminism participated. During the march, the singer delivered the speech Story like mine, in which she talks about psychological abuse, harassment and other situations that marked her life, experiences that many women share. The speech video became a trend. That same year she launched the collaboration with Benny Blanco, Eastside and later published the single Without Me. In 2019, she released the remix of Without Me with Juice WRLD.

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