Shakira Isabel Mebarak Ripoll is a Colombian singer of Latin pop-rock. Record producer, dancer, model, entrepreneur, actress, UNICEF goodwill ambassador, and philanthropist. She was born on February 2, 1977, in the city of Barranquilla, Colombia. Unique daughter of William Mebarak Chadid, American and Nidia del Carmen Ripoll Torrado, Colombian of Catalan descent.
Since the age of five, she showed artistic attitudes, demonstrating her talent in the interpretation of Arab dances and songs. At the age of eight, she composed her first song, “Tus gafas Oscuras” dedicated to her father, and began performing on radio and television programs. At the age of ten, she wrote songs systematically and participated for the first time in the television contest Looking for a kid artist in 1988, in which she won, repeating the triumph in 1989 and 1990.
Shakira, (still a teenager) signed her first recording contract with Sony Music Colombia, the label for which she recorded her first album in 1991 called, “Magia” with songs she had composed between eight and thirteen. Two years later in 1993, she released her second album called “Danger.” She was chosen to represent Colombia in the OTI Festival, but could not attend because she was under sixteen.
In 1993, she was invited to participate in the Festival of the Song of Viña del Mar and with her interpretation of the ballad “Eres” the doors of the Latin American market were opened.
While finishing her high school studies, Shakira prepared what would be her third album, “Pies Descalzos” debuting on the Spanish-American record market in the year of 1995, with eleven songs, highlighting: “Estoy Aqui”, “Donde Estas, Corazon?” and “Antologia.”
In 1998, she released her album “¿Dónde están Los Ladrones?” Produced by Emilio Estefan, making it the undisputed star of Latin pop-rock.
In 1999, Shakira was invited by MTV to produce her first live album, entitled MTV Unplugged, including all the songs of ¿Dónde están Los Ladrones? (Except the song “Que Vuelvas”) The album was released in February 2000 selling more than 5 million units worldwide.
In March, she started a three-month tour called Amphibious Tour, which included concerts in Latin America and the United States, beginning in Peru and ending in Argentina.
In 2001, she achieved international success with her album “Laundry Service” / Laundry Service with nine songs in English and four in Spanish, among them: Underneath Your Clothes and Whenever, Wherever. The album was number one in Argentina, Australia, Austria, Canada, Mexico, New Zealand, the Netherlands, Sweden, and Switzerland, establishing itself worldwide, with more than 13 million copies sold. The tour to present the album, the “Mongoose Tour” lasted six months (from November 2002 to May 2003), leaving the DVD Live and Off the Record (2004).
In June 2005, Shakira released her sixth studio album titled “Oral Fixation Vol. 1” in Spanish and in November he released “Oral Fixation Vol. 2 in English.” Being the first Latin singer to perform a musical theme in Spanish during the MTV Video Music Awards ceremony and to be nominated for these awards for a video of a song in Spanish.
Starting in 2006, she received the certification of thirteen gold discs from different countries: Canada, Mexico, Spain, Colombia, Chile, Argentina, India, Austria, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Norway, and Hungary. She was also awarded her second Grammy Award in the category of “Best Latin Rock / Alternative Album” and in that same year, she won four Latin Grammy Awards for this album.
One of her singles, “Hips Do not Lie” with the collaboration of rapper and producer Wyclef Jean, was the best seller in 2006; reached number 1 on the Billboard Hot 100 list in the United States and made Shakira the only Colombian artist to achieve it. It was the most downloaded song on the internet, it is a single with a mix of cumbia, Latin pop, reggaeton, salsa and hip-hop and whose title was “Dance Like This” she decided to version it with the help of Wyclef himself. This single has become the most successful song in English of Shakira. She also won awards for: “Oral Fixation Vol. 1” among others, the Grammy for the best Latin rock/alternative album, the Latin Grammy for the best album of the year and six Billboard awards for the best of Latin music. With both versions in English and Spanish. In June 2006 she undertook an ambitious tour of 140 cities in North America, Latin America, Europe, Africa and Southeast Asia. The tour lasted until July 2007.
Shakira was chosen to sing her song “Hips Do not Lie” at the closing ceremony of the 2006 Germany Soccer World Cup.
In November of the same year, a statuette of Shakira was placed outside the Metropolitan soccer stadium in his hometown Barranquilla, Colombia donated by the artist Dieter Patt of German origin. In the month of November released as the last single “Ilegal.” A ballad that has the participation of Carlos Santana. She had a moderate success in Europe and her output as a single was canceled in the United States.
In 2006, she also started the Oral Fixation Tour, in which she visited different countries in five continents, and was very successful, Shakira with her Tour the Mongoose toured 61 locations. The tour was presented in 125 places around the world, breaking attendance records in several of them. Europe is the continent where most successes were achieved. This tour officially ended on July 14, 2007, in Nigeria, within the Thisday Festival. But in December 2007 she held a final free concert in Georgia. In 2008, she signed an agreement with the Spanish fashion and perfume company Puig for the marketing of the perfumes that bear her name.
In October 2009, Shakira released his sixth album of the studio and the second bilingual called “She Wolf / Loba” having premiered the music video on July 31. This album was a success and certified Gold record in Russia, Ireland, Switzerland, Argentina, France, Poland, Greece, and Hungary; Platinum in Spain, the United Kingdom, and the Middle East. Twice Platinum in Colombia and Mexico and three times Platinum in Taiwan. In the Soccer World Cup South Africa, 2010 was the interpreter of the official song of the sporting event “Waka Waka” (This Time for Africa) and was one of his greatest successes in Latin America, Spain and the rest of Europe.
In October 2010, she released her seventh studio album called “Sale el Sol” with which she debuted in the first positions. In September she started the tour that called “Sale el Sol World Tour” visited more than forty countries ending in October 2011. In November 2011 Shakira received her star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame and then at the Latin Grammy the academy awarded as the winner of the prestigious Prize for her artistic achievements, as well as her philanthropic contributions. Since 2011 she maintains a romantic relationship with the Spanish soccer player Gerard Piqué. In 2012, she released the single “Addicted to You” and confirmed that she was expecting his first child, Milan.
In mid-February, it was confirmed that Shakira had signed a contract with a label and that she was recording her new album entirely in English. This year also performed a duet with the singer and rapper Pitbull on the song Get It Started. On July 13, 2014, Shakira sang along with the Brazilian musician Carlinhos Brown at the Closing Ceremony of the 2014 Brazil Soccer World Cup in the Maracaná Stadium the song “La La La.” On March 25, Shakira announced the release date of her eighth official studio album.
On August 14, 2015, at Disney’s D23 Expo, it was announced that Shakira would play a character in Disney’s animated film Zootopia, playing Gazelle, the biggest pop star in Zootopia. She also contributed an original song to the film, entitled “Try Everything.” On January 29, 2015, her second son named Sasha was born. Starting 2016, she began to work on her ninth studio album; in May she collaborated with Colombian singer Carlos Vives with the song “La Bicicleta” and in late October she released the single “Chantaje” in collaboration with the singer Urbano Colombiano Maluma.
In the months of April and May 2017, she released respectively “Me Enamoré” as the second official single and “Perro Fiel” as a promotional single for his new album called “El Dorado” released on May 26. The official release of “Perro Fiel” as the third single took place in September, the same date of publication of the music video. After being released as a single, she was certified Gold in Spain for selling 20,000 copies in August of 2017. In January 2018 she won her third Grammy Awards with the album “El Dorado” being the only Latin artist to get it. Shakira won it in the category of Best Latin Pop Album. The sales of the album reached 4,000,000 copies worldwide.
- 1996: Pies Descalzos
- 1998: Donde Estan Los ladrones
- 2001: Laundry service
- 2005: Oral Fixation vol. 1.
- 2005: Oral Fixation Vol 2.
- 2009: Loba
- 2010: The sun rises in
- 2014: Shakira
- 2017: El Dorado.
- 1997: The Remixes
- 2002: Great Successes
- 2017: The Magic and the Danger of My First Successes. Special Editions
- 2002: Gold Collection
- 2002: Laundry Service: Washed & Dried
- 2006: Oral Fixation Volumes 1 & 2. Live Albums
- 2000: MTV Unplugged
- 2004: Live & Off the Record / Live and private
- 2007: Oral Fixation Tour / Oral Fixation Tour
- 2011: Shakira: Live from Paris / Shakira: Live from Paris. EP
- 2003: The Pepsi EP
- 2007: Love in the Time of Cholera.
- 1996-1997: Pies Descalzos Tour
- 2000: Amphibious Tour
- 2002-2003: Mongoose Tour
- 2006-2007: Oral Fixation Tour
- 2010-2011: Sale the Sun World Tour
- 2018: El Dorado World Tour.
- 1986: Vivan Los Niños
- 1994: The Oasis
- 2001-2009: Saturday Night Live
- 2005: Seven Lives
- 2009: Ugly Betty
- 2010: Wizards of Waverly Place
- 2011: Dora the Explorer
- 2013: The Voice (United States)
- 2016: Zootopia – Gazelle (Voice).
- 1996: Shakira – Interpreter of the year
- 1996: Estoy Aqui – Video of the Year
- 1996: Donde Estas, Corazon? – Song of the year.
The Alma Awards (The American Latino Media Arts Awards)
- 2002: Shakira – Outstanding Female Performer. Laundry Service – Album of the year. Whenever, Wherever – Song of the year
- 2006: Shakira – Outstanding Female Performer. Oral Setting Vol. 1 – Album of the year in Spanish
- 2008: Shakira – Humanitarian Award
- 2011: Shakira – Best Female Musical Artist.American Music Awards / Latin American Music Awards
- 2006, 2010, 2012, 2017: Shakira – Artist Latino Favorite 2. Bambi Prizes (annual TV and audiovisual media awarded by German Company Hubert Burda Media.)
- 2009, 2010: Shakira – Best International Pop Artist
- 2011: Waka Waka (This Time for Africa) – Recognition for sales. Music Award
- 2002: Shakira – Top Artist – Female
- 2005: La Tortura (with Alejandro Sanz) – Latin Song of the Year
- 2006: Hips Do not Lie (with Wyclef Jean) – Pop Single of the Year
- 2011: Gypsy – Top Latin Song. Latin Billboard Awards
- 1997: Pies Descalzos – Best Album
- 1997: A Little Love – Best Video
- 1997: Shakira – Best New Artist
- 2001: Shakira – Best Female Pop Artist and Artist Billboard 50 of the Year
- 2001: MTV Unplugged – Mejor Latino Album
- 2002: Luck – Pop Latin Song Airplay of the Year
- 2006: La Tortura con Alejandro Sanz- Latin Song of the Year, Latin Ringtone of the Year, Latin Song of the Year (Duo or Collaboration), Pop Latin Airplay Song of the Year year (Duet or group)
- 2006: Oral Fixation 1 – Latin Pop Album of the Female Year
- 2006: Shakira – Spirit of the Hope
- 2006: Shakira – Artist of the Year and Top Latino Artist Album of the Year. Oral Setting Vol. 1 – Pop Latin Album of the Women’s Year
- 2009: Shakira – Latin Artist with the most Digital Downloads
- 2016: Mi Verdad (with Maná) – Pop Latin Song of the year. Grammy Award / Latin Grammy Award
- 2001: MTV Unplugged – Best Latin Pop Album
- 2006: Oral Setting Vol. 1 – Best Latin Rock Album / Alternative.? 2018: El Dorado – Best Latin Pop Album.Latin Grammy Award
- 2000: Eighth Day – Best Female Rock Vocal Performance.
- 2000: Ojos Asi – Best Female Pop Vocal Performance
- 2002: Luck – Best Video- (Short Version).
- 2006: La Tortura (With Alejandro Sanz) – Song of the year and Recording of the Year .
- 2006: Oral Fixation Vol. 1- Best Female Pop Vocal Album and Album of the Year.
- 2011: Sale El Sol – Best Female Pop Vocal Album.
- 2016: La Bicicleta (with Carlos Vives) – Song of the Year and Recording of the Year. • 2017: El Dorado – Best Contemporary Pop Vocal Album.
Paul Signac Biography
Paul Victor Signac (November 11, 1863 – August 15, 1935) was born in Paris, France. A Painter considered one of the most prominent exponents of neo-impressionism with Georges Seurat, a painter with whom he had a close relationship. Signac was born into a wealthy family which allowed him to devote himself fully to painting.
By the mid-1880s, he studied arts and honed his skills in Bin’s workshop. In the early years of his career, he became interested in impressionism, an artistic movement that continued until he met Seurat. Along with this he ventured into pointillism or divisionism, an artistic technique of which Signac is one of the most important exponents. In his works, he painted landscapes of southern France and other regions that he visited on his ship.
Studies and beginnings
Born into a wealthy family, he was able to devote himself to study and the arts without restrictions. In 1882, he joined the École des Arts-Décoratifs de Paris (School of Decorative Arts). For the same period, he attended the free workshop of Bin, painter, and politician, who was then mayor of Montmartre. In the course of the following years, he collaborated in the creation of the Société des Artistes Indépendants, founded in 1884. He was the vice president in 1903 and president six years later. He also participated actively in the creation of the Salon des Indépendants.
In 1886, he was part of the IX Impressionist Exhibition, along with renowned painters such as Seurat, Edgar Degas, Camille Pissarro, Jean-Louis Forain and Paul Gauguin. In these early years, his paintings reflected the influence of Pissarro, Pierre Auguste Renoir, and Claude Monet.
Towards the end of the 19th century, Signac began to lean towards the style proposed by Seurat, deepening the pointillist technique. In those first paintings, he painted the Mediterranean coasts and the banks of the Seine, lighthouses, coasts, among others.
In 1899, he raised his aesthetic ideas in the book De Eugène Delacroix to Neo-impressionism (1899), a work in which he defended the techniques of neo-impressionists. School that emerged in 1886 from the hand of Seurat and Signac. Camille Pissarro, Maximilien Luce Théo van Rysselberghe and Henri-Edmond Cross also participated in this.
Some characteristics of this artistic movement are the concern for volume, the development of shapes without defined profiles, the order in the composition and the use of pure basic colors, which when used in a pointillist painting would create an optical illusion that gives more luminosity in painting. This idea is based on the theory of the simultaneous contrast of colors by Michel Eugéne Chevreul.
When Seurat died, Signac moved to Saint-Tropez, (Cote d’Azur, France), a town where he remained until 1911. Throughout his life he traveled and sailed through different countries such as Italy and Turkey, also toured France. During these trips visited La Rochelle, Marseille, Venice, and Istanbul, among others. Those experiences served as inspiration for his paintings, in which he represented maritime scenes. Within those trips, he painted a large number of watercolors.
Throughout time, he ceased to strictly follow the rules of pointillism, widening the brushstrokes as seen in the paintings Samois, Departure of tuna vessels in Groix, La Seine au Pont-Royal, and Rivière de Vannes. From 1913, Signac traveled to Antibes, where he spent long stays, keeping his studio in Paris. During this period, he was president of the Société des Artistes Indépendants, a position he held from 1909 until his death on August 15, 1935, in Paris.
In the course of his career, Signac painted a large number of paintings and watercolors. In most of these, he applied pointillism, a technique developed by Seurat. Most of these paintings represented maritime scenes, although, he also painted still lives, decorative compositions, and everyday scenes. Among his most outstanding works are Opus 217. Against the Enamel of a Background Rhythmic with Beats and Angles, Tones, and Tints (1890), Woman by the Lamp (1890), The Papal Palace in Avignon (1900), Grand Canal ( 1905), The Port of Rotterdam (1907), Antibes, the towers (1911), Port of La Rochelle (1921) and Lézardrieux (1925).
In the last years of his career, he painted various watercolors in which he did not strictly follow the rules of pointillism; for this period he became friends with Belgian painters who subsequently formed a group of neo-impressionists.
Paul Gauguin Biography
Eugène Henri Paul Gauguin (June 7, 1848 – May 8, 1903) was born in Paris, France. Painter. Considered one of the most prominent exponents of post-impressionism with Vincent van Gogh, Paul Cézanne, Henri Matisse, Georges Pierre Seurat, Camille Pissarro, and Paul Signac, among others.
Gauguin began to be interested in art in the early 1870s, at which time he acquired various works of impressionist art and took classes, later he comes into contact with artists such as Camille Pisarro with whom he began working. His first works influenced by Impressionism were exhibited at the Impressionist Exhibition of 1879. By the end of that decade, he faced serious economic and family problems, which affected his reputation. During this period his work changed radically, an event that was influenced by his relationship with Vincent van Gogh and his trip to Martinique. His most famous paintings are: The Seine on the Jena Bridge, (1875), Rouen, blue roofs, (1884), Laundresses of Arles (1888), The Green Christ (1889), Manao Tupapau (1892) and where we come? About us? Where we go? (1897).
Son of Clovis Gauguin and Aline Chazal, his father was a French journalist and his mother was a native of Peru. After the coup d’etat of Napoleon III in 1851, the family moved to Peru, where he lived for four years. He was raised in a middle-class family. While growing up he was attracted to the sea, which led him to enroll in the merchant marine with only 17 years, later joined the Navy. At that time, he visited different countries in South America and Europe.
By the beginning of the 1870s, he returned to Paris, where he began working at a financial company, shortly afterward he married Mette-Sophie Gad, with whom he had five children. Thanks to his work he was able to live with his family comfortably. At that same time, he began to be interested in painting and Parisian art, which is why he took painting classes and bought various works by impressionist painters such as Camille Pissarro, Édouard Manet, Paul Cézanne and Claude Monet.
After taking classes and coming into contact with the Parisian artistic environment, he began painting his first works, in which the influence of impressionism is reflected. The first of these was the lake in the plain (1874). The following year he became friends with Camille Pissarro, an impressionist painter with whom he began working since then. During these years, Gauguin made various paintings such as The Seine on the Jena Bridge (1875), Autumn Landscape (1877), Mette Gauguin Sewing (1878), Garden Under the Snow (1879) and The Hortelanos de Vaugirard (1879). These consolidated the career of the young artist. Upon gaining recognition from other impressionist artists he was invited to the Impressionist Exhibition of 1879, in which works by Monet, Pissarro, Edgar Degas, and Mary Cassat were exhibited.
In the following years, he was part of the Impressionist exhibitions, which became the center of the debate of the movement; recognized painters such as Jean-Louis Forain, Berthe Morisot, Henri Rouart, Victor Vignon, Georges Seurat and Paul Signac participated in these.
In 1883, the Parisian stock market collapsed, so Gauguin decided to make his passion for art his profession. Dedicating himself completely to this artistic activity. The following year he moved with his family to Copenhagen, the city where his wife’s family lived. During his stay, he sought financial support from the family. However, his attempts failed, shortly after he abandoned his wife and children, an event that affected his reputation. In the following years, Gauguin was rejected by the society of the time.
Gauguin and post-impressionist painting
Towards the end of the 1880s, his paintings and ideas changed. He began to move away from impressionism, without completely denying it. His new style was within the framework of what became known as synthesism, a term used by post-impressionist painters to distinguish their work from impressionism. This turn that his work had was influenced by his relationship with the Dutch painter, Vincent Van Gogh, who at that time visited his brother in Paris. This short stay on the island of Martinique also influenced this change.
Between 1886 and 1888 he followed Van Gogh, impressed by his work he traveled to Arles with him in 1888, where he hoped to work together. However, the personalities of these collided leading to this project to fail. From this period, the works stand out: Four Bretons (1886), Still Life with a Profile of Laval (1886), Near the Sea II (1887), Conversation in the Tropics (1887) and Portrait of Madelaine Bernard (1888).
After he failed in Arles he returned to Paris, where he began to deepen his interest in popular art influenced by his friend Émile Bernard. During this period, he developed with Bernard the style that distinguished them from the Impressionists, the synthesis. A style that was characterized by the delineation of the color zones, which contrasted strongly in the painting, likewise, it did not seek to represent impressions or imitate scenes. This style rejected the techniques and bases of Impressionism.
In the last years of his career, Gauguin traveled and spent a long time in the Marquesas and Tahiti Islands. While residing in these islands he painted scenes of daily life and scenes that alluded to the culture and beliefs of the inhabitants of the island, such as La Orana Maria (1891), On the beach (1981), Upaupa, The dance of fire (1891) The house of the hymns (1892), the canoe (1896), The idol (1897), Where do we come from? About us? Where we go? (1897) and invocation (1903). During these last years of his career, the painter’s health deteriorated, he died on May 8, 1903, in the Marquesas Islands.
Henri Rousseau Biography
Henri Julien Félix Rousseau (May 21, 1844 – September 2, 1910) was born in Laval, France. Painter, considered one of the key figures of the naive artistic current, a style that was characterized by naivety and spontaneity exposed in his works. Rousseau became known in the Parisian artistic environment in the mid-1880s, at which time his work was exhibited in the Hall of Independents, where the works of great post-impressionist artists such as Georges Seurat, Paul Signac, Edgar Degas, Camille Pissarro, and Paul Gauguin, were exhibited, among others.
Due to his humble origin, he could not train academically as an artist. However, with discipline and effort, he learned in a self-taught way, managing to develop his talent without specialized training. Before devoting himself fully to painting, he worked as an employee of the arbitrary, a profession that was inspired by his nickname, The Customs. Among his most recognized works are The War (1894), The Sleeping Gypsy (1897) and The Snake Charmer (1907).
He was born in a humble family, attended his academic studies while doing small jobs. During his youth he enlisted in the army, being part of it for four years. In the 1870s, he was on the battlefield due to the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War, after the death of his father was sent home. In 1871 he settled with his wife, Clémence Boitard in Paris, a city where he began working as an employee of the arbitration, municipal tax office that is responsible for collecting taxes. While working he began to be interested in poetry, music, and art, passionate about them, but without being able to pay for his studies, he learned everything necessary in a self-taught way.
Since the end of the 1870s he began painting and drawing, subsequently came into contact with the Parisian artistic environment, drawing the attention of some post-impressionist artists. In 1886, his first known work, The Carnival of Animals, was exhibited, in which the influence of academic painting and its detailed representation is perceived, in this use intense colors and moderate shades. This application of colors is one of the characteristics of Rousseau’s works.
In the 1890s, he retired from his work to focus on his artistic production, by then his work had been ridiculed. However, he began to gain the attention of the public and the impressionist and post-impressionist artists after the publication of a series of works in which the naive style is reflected, of which it is one of the greatest exponents.
The first work of this series was the portrait titled, Myself: Portrait-Landscape (1890), followed by Tiger in a tropical storm (1891), a painting in which he used intense colors to represent the hard moment a tiger was going through when facing a tropical storm; a short time later he presented Centennial of Independence (1892), a work that illustrated the celebration of the anniversary of independence.
Two years later, he painted The War (1894), a painting that alluded to the horrors of war, in which you can see a field covered with bodies and a wild-looking floor; the rawness of the theme contrasted with the naive style of the painting. These works caught the attention of the impressionist Degas and the primitive post-impressionist Gauguin, among other artists of the same artistic environment. The following year he presented Boy on the Rocks (1895), followed by The Sleeping Gypsy (1897), one of his best-known works, in this, the painter illustrated a lady lying next to a lion in an unreal environment, which refers to the dream world, thematic that was frequently addressed in his works.
In the early years of the twentieth century, Rousseau’s work was admired and widely recognized, among his most prominent admirers are Pablo Picasso and Guillaume Apollinaire, a writer who appreciated the poetic way in which he expressed himself in his paintings. In the mid-1900s, Rousseau began painting a series of jungle scenes, which attracted public attention for attention to detail and the use of bright colors, among these stand out hungry lion attacking an antelope (1905), The Merry Jesters (1906) The Snake Charmer (1907), The Equatorial Jungle (1909), Mandrill in the Jungle (1909) and The Dream (1910). In these, the painter referred to the lost natural paradise, represented as an exotic world. These works profoundly influenced the naive artistic current and other imaginative currents that subsequently emerged.
For this same period, he painted various portraits, urban scenes and scenes of everyday life such as weddings and sporting events, among these are: The girl with a doll (1905) and The Football Players (1908). His last work was The Dream (1910), a painting in which he illustrated the exotic dream of a young woman resting on a sofa; This work is connected with Snake Charmer and her works on jungle scenes.
In the last years of his life, his career was hampered by the rise of primitivism. After a career of highs and lows, Rousseau died on September 2, 1910.
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec Biography
Henri Marie Raymond of Toulouse-Lautrec (November 24, 1864 – September 9, 1901) was born in Albi, France. Painter, draftsman and poster artist, considered one of the most outstanding artists of the 18th century, in his works he frequently represented the Parisian nightlife.
Toulouse-Lautrec was interested in art from an early age, thanks to his family origin he was able to devote himself fully to cultivate his passion for drawing. Due to two accidents he suffered while practicing sports, his lower limbs were stunted, so he did not reach the appropriate height for someone his age. That situation did not affect his social life, nor his artistic career. In the 1880s he opened his workshop, in which he developed most of his artistic production, which was influenced by the work of artists such as Edgar Degas, Vincent van Gogh, and Paul Gauguin, as well as the Japanese prints ukiyo-e. His most recognized works are The stable of the Fernando circus (1888), Dance at the Moulin Rouge (1890), At the Opera Ball (1893) and In the hall of rue des Moulins (1894).
He was born into an aristocratic family, his parents were Alphonse de Toulouse-Lautrec-Monfa and Countess Adèle Tapié de Celeyran, first-degree relatives; due to their consanguinity, Henri suffered a disease that affected the proper development of his bones. In 1868, his parents divorced and the four-year-old boy was in the care of his mother. He lived with her in the French county of Albi until 1873, the year in which the family moved to Paris. A year later the disease began to manifest itself. However, the family did not let this affect the child’s life. Henri had a calm and happy childhood and adolescence, during these years he played sports and began to be interested in art. While practicing sports he suffered two accidents (1878 and 1879) which seriously affected his lower extremities, since then they grew little, which is why Henri measured 1.52 m.
Towards the end of the 1870s he began painting in the workshop of René Princeteau, an outstanding painter of equestrian and military subjects, he later studied painting the art studies of Léon Bonnat and Fernand Cormon. During this training period he met the post-impressionist painters Émile Bernard, Louis Anquetin and Vincent van Gogh, of the latter he made a portrait in which colors abound, he is currently in the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam. This contact with artists of the post-impressionist artistic movement profoundly influenced the works of Toulouse-Lautrec, an artistic one that, as time went by, began to be part of this school, following the expressionist line with Van Gogh.
In 1885 he opened his workshop in Montmartre, where he carried out most of his artistic productions, influenced by the Parisian artistic environment that at that time was leaving aside impressionism as such, to give way to schools that inspired by it rejected its rigor, such as the neo-impressionist school of Seurat and Signac or the synthesis of Gauguin. During this period his works were influenced by the style of Edgar Degas and the ukiyo-e, Japanese prints; of these works he appreciated characteristics such as the use of colors, the enhancement given to the focus of the painting and the way of capturing certain scenes.
In the course of his artistic career Toulouse-Lautrec, he had an active social life, which led him to move in the bohemian atmosphere of Montmartre. He was a regular customer in cafes, theaters and dance halls also frequented brothels and other entertainment establishments. These experiences were the inspiration of his work in which he shaped the bohemian atmosphere, especially drew singers, dancers and circus characters. Since the end of the 1880s, the development of his style can be seen in his works, as reflected in At the Cirque Fernando (1888), in which he represented the world of the circus and its dazzling shows.
In the 1890s he began to illustrate the atmosphere of the Moulin Rouge, emphasizing the dancers and dance scenes, by this time he drew Dance in the Moulin Rouge (1890), Moulin Rouge: La Goulue (1891), The English in the Moulin Rouge (1892), In the Moulin Rouge: two women dancing (1892) and Jane Avril. Garden of Paris (1893); it is worth mentioning that Jane Avril is considered the muse of the young artist. The following year he painted in the hall of rue des Moulins (1894), a work in which he represented the atmosphere of the brothel. In this decade he drew numerous advertising posters on cabarets and commercial products, through which he laid the foundations for poster design. Among the most outstanding works are Divan Japanese (1893), Photographer Sescau (1894), The Mademoiselle Eglantine Company (1896) and The Simpson Chain (1896).
Towards the end of the 1890s, the health of the young artist deteriorated due to alcohol consumption, which is why he was admitted to hospital in 1899, to carry out an ethyl detoxification treatment. During this period he experimented with the use of colors and artificial light. In these years he drew Madame Poupoule at Her Dressing Table (1898), The Bed (1898), At the circus, horse and monkey dressage (1899) and At the Circus The Animal Trainer (1899).
The latest creations Toulouse-Lautrec, reflected the crisis that was going through, becoming bleak as seen in At the Rat Mort (1899), Woman in a Chemise Standing by a Bed (1899), The Milliner (1900), An Examination at the Faculty of Medicine, Paris (1901) and In the Bois de Boulogne (1901). After the deterioration of his health, the young artist died on September 9, 1901, at the age of thirty-six. Currently, part of his work is preserved in the Toulouse-Lautrec Museum, located in Albi.
Ashley Nicolette Frangipane (September 29, 1994) was born in New Jersey, United States. Singer and songwriter considered one of the most outstanding female artists of recent years. Frangipane is known by her stage name Halsey, a name that is an anagram of her first name (Ashley). This was released on the pop music scene in the early 2010s, when it became a trend for its covers and the parody of the song I Knew You Were Trouble by Taylor Swift, subsequently published the debut EP Room 93 (2014), of which the successes Ghost, Hurricane, and Trouble stood out.
In the following years, the artist established herself as a strong figure in the scene with themes such as Colors, New Americana, Castle, Now or Never, Bad at Love and Closer. The artist has excelled for her support of the LGBTQIA community and feminism, participating in various marches for gender equity and respect for human rights.
Daughter of Nicole and Chris Frangipane, she has Dante and Sevian as brothers. She was born in a humble family, from an early age she was interested in music and she was supported by her family. As she grew up she learned to play the viola, the violin, and the cello, then she started playing the acoustic guitar. Over time, she decided to continue seriously her passion for music specializing in fine arts at the university, however, the costs were too high, so she went to a community college in which she studied composition, area in which she was deeply interested, becoming the means of expressing her sorrows and joys.
At eighteen, while she was studying, she began to face serious economic problems, which is why she began to work presenting herself in different cities with varied artistic names, at this time she chose her artistic name, Halsey, since it was an anagram of her first name. In these years, she uploaded covers of songs on YouTube, with her name through which she was gaining popularity, later she created her account on SoundCloud, in which she uploaded her compositions, which were well received by the public.
After becoming known on YouTube and SoundCloud, she drew the attention of the Astralwerks label with which she signed a contract a short time later. Under this label she released on October 27th the debut EP Room 93 (2014), this included Is There Somewhere, Ghost, Hurricane, Empty Gold, and Trouble, also included four special videos. After the publication, the EP was gaining popularity becoming a trend, also, it positioned itself in the 159th position of the Billboard 200. Later, Halsey joined the tour of the band The Kooks as an opening act.
In 2015 the singer rose to fame becoming one of the most mentioned artists online, after appearing in the South by Southwest, an event about films, interactive media, and music, of which the singer was part. That same year she undertook her first musical tour called, The American Youth Tour, which took place between March and April, in which the band Rising Sons and singer Olivver The Kid participated as guests. For mid-year Halsey, she was chosen as the opening act of the Smoke & Mirrors Tour of Imagine Dragons, in her presentation she interpreted some EP songs and other unpublished songs such as Colors, Control, Castle, Haunting and Roman Holiday, which would be included in the singer’s next album.
Starting June, she published the single Hold Me Down through his YouTube channel, this was included in the album Badlands (2015), a disc of the conceptual type inspired by a dystopian society called The Badlands, in which its inhabitants are held captive. The artist mentioned that this setting was the reflection of her mental state since on several occasions she wanted to escape from reality and the frustration that was linked to her condition as a bipolar person, a disorder she has talked about in various interviews and which has inspired some of her songs. Badlands included successful songs such as New Americana, Colors, Control and Castle.
In 2016 she published the EP Complementary Colors (2016), which consisted of five remixes of Colors, followed by the release of Tokyo Narita. By the end of the year, she collaborated with the American DJ duo, The Chainsmokers in Closer, a song that quickly became a trend, positioning itself in the US music tops. After the success of the song, Closer Remixes came out with R3hab, Shaun Frank, among others.
In mid-2017 she released Hopeless fountain kingdom (2017), an album that consisted of seventeen songs among these varied collaborations such as Strangers with Lauren Jauregui, Hopeless with Cashmere Cat, Alone with Big Sean and Stefflon Don and Lie with Quavo; from this stand out the song, it is Now or Never, Eyes Closed, Bad at Love, Sorry and Alone. Shortly after being published the album was positioned on the Billboard 200. This was chosen as one of the 50 best albums of the year by Billboard and Rolling Stone.
The following year already as a consolidated artist Halsey participated in Women’s March, a march for women’s rights in which various celebrities and figures of feminism participated. During the march, the singer delivered the speech Story like mine, in which she talks about psychological abuse, harassment and other situations that marked her life, experiences that many women share. The speech video became a trend. That same year she launched the collaboration with Benny Blanco, Eastside and later published the single Without Me. In 2019, she released the remix of Without Me with Juice WRLD.
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