Osama Bin Laden

Osama Bin Laden biography
Photo: Hamid Mir / CC BY-SA 3.0

Osama Bin Laden biography

Osama Bin Laden (March 10, 1957 – May 2, 2011), leader of Al Qaeda. Osama was born in the capital of Saudi Arabia, Riyadh. His father Muhammad Bin Laden was a sheik, engineer, and architect. He left his native province of Hadramut, in the center of Yemen, to work in Hedjaz, Saudi Arabia, in 1932. In this place, he worked for the Saudi royal family, who commissioned numerous public works. Osama was a privileged son among his 53 brothers. He was educated by private preceptors and was raised among the extensive and important family of the Saudi princes.

In 1968, his father died in a tragic helicopter accident. Osama Bin Laden with only thirteen years inherited eighty million dollars, which he later used in his engineering studies at the University of Jeddah. There, Osama met a professor Sheik Abdullah Azzam, a recognized Islamic fundamentalist, convinced of the liberation of the Islamic cause from foreign domination and the return to the strict postulates of the Islamic faith, Sheik was a great influence in the future projects of Osama. In 1979, he joined the group of engineers of the family business in the service of the Saudi royal family.

With the confrontation between the Government of the Arab Republic of Egypt and the Government of the State of Israel; Osama Bin Laden adhered to the creeds of Islamic fundamentalism. That same year, the Islamic revolution stormed the Shah regime in Iran and the Soviets invaded Afghanistan. Osama Bin Laden understood that he had to act, he left the company to join the armed movement that opposed the Russian military invasion, following the call of the Jihad, in the name of the holy war.

His work was to collect money to finance the actions of the Islamist movements against the Soviet occupation troops. He also disseminated through violent writings against the Communists. In 1980, he focused on recruiting pro-Afghan guerrillas and establishing the first camps. In the course of the war, Osama Bin Laden undertook works, such as the excavation of tunnels, bunkers and the layout of a road through the mountains, also, he made modifications to sacred places, for that reason, he became a hero for the Arabs.

Some sources claim that he had links with members of the CIA, where he learned to move money through ghost companies and tax havens, to prepare explosives, and to use encrypted codes to communicate. During the cold war, the United States gave its unconditional support to all Afghan groups in their war against the Soviet Union. In that sense, for a decade the Americans gave nearly three billion dollars to the 35,000 combatants, coming from different countries, were also trained in the training camps located along the border with Pakistan.

But this situation changed when the US agency promised Osama Bin Laden an economic aid that never came due to pressure from Saudi Arabia to the White House. The Saudi monarch Fadh attacked the radical Islamic guerrilla, closing the training camps, this was taken by Osama as a betrayal that generated the rejection of Bin Laden to the Saudi royal family and his animosity to the US government.

At the end of the confrontation, Al-Qaeda was born in the hands of Osama Bin Laden, the intention of this organization was to unite the Arab veterans who fought in Afghanistan against the Soviet Union. The objective of this organization was to establish a pan-Islamic caliphate in the world, to overthrow the regimes that went against their beliefs, to expel from the western citizens of the Muslim countries, in order to cleanse their territory of other types of cultures. The organization had bases in Algeria, Uzbekistan, Syria, Pakistan, Indonesia, the Philippines, Lebanon, Iraq, Kosovo, Chechnya, the West Bank, and Gaza.

In the framework of the Gulf War, the United States government deployed troops to the holy sites of Mecca and Medina, which produced Osama’s outrage. In 1990, Al Qaeda attacked the Saudi royal family, this action led to the exile and the loss of citizenship. Obligado marched to Sudan but was expelled there by the Sudanese government due to US pressures. In 1996, he settled in Afghanistan and came into contact with the leader of the premature Taliban regime, Mullah Muhammad Omar. He gave one of his daughters in marriage and built a luxurious mansion, where he lived with his four wives and thirteen children.

President Bill Clinton authorized the CIA to eliminate the Saudi billionaire to end the political and military structure of al Qaeda. Given this, Osama’s reaction was expressed in terrorist operations against the United States: he attacked the US embassy. in Nairobi, Kenya, and Dar es Salaam. In those attacks, a total of 301 people died and more than 5,000 were injured. In Somalia carried out an attack in 1993. As we can see, Al Qaeda established as priority targets the attack on the United States and its allies in the Middle East. In that same year, the attack was carried out in the World Trade Center; This attack left six people dead and more than a thousand injured. The attack was carried out with a truck loaded with a ton of explosives that was parked in the basement of one of the buildings.

After this, he became the public enemy of the American nation. Osama Bin Laden instituted new training bases for the Islamic guerrilla between Khartoum and the Afghan desert. These troops of fundamentalist warriors were sent to North Africa, Chechnya, Tajikistan, and even Bosnia. President Clinton authorizes the CIA to use all means to physically eliminate the Saudi billionaire and destroy the political and military structure created by it.

Undoubtedly, the most forceful action of Obama against the North American nation was the well-known attack to the Twin Towers of New York on September 11, 2001. This day the capture of four planes was carried out by 19 men belonging to Al Qaeda. Two of the planes were directed towards the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center, another to the Pentagon, and the last in an open field in Shanksville, Pennsylvania when a pilot struggled with the terrorists to regain control of the flight. In this attack that shocked the world thousands of citizens of the United States died.

In response to such a disaster, the government headed by President George Bush exerted forceful pressure against the leader of Al Qaeda who took him to take refuge in the mountains of Tora Bora. The Afghan sky witnessed missiles launched from US and British submarines and from long-range bombers, to which were added fighter-bombers. He joined the war in favor of President Bush: Canada, Australia, Germany, and France. Finally, the war culminated with the death of Osama Bin Laden on May 2, 2011, as a result of an operation of the American intelligence in Pakistan, in the government of President Barack Obama, carried out by 24 troops; it is said that he was captured and then executed by the American forces.

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