Upon discovering the history of basketball, we will most likely refer to the history of ball games, and we will go through the first sporting manifestations of hominids, exercises executed around any spherical shape endowed by the environment. Then, we will find antecedents in the Greek, Chinese and Aztec cultures, precedents that disrupt the history of football, of course, around the use of the ball as the epicenter of the leisure time.
How did basketball come about, as we know it today?
However, the History of Basketball as we know it today is relatively modern and dates back to 1891, when the Canadian professor of the International YMCA Training School in Springfield (Massachusetts), James Naismith, devised a sport that could be played on a closed track, to be practiced in winter.
Naismith focused on the mastery of strength and contact skills and was inspired by a childhood game called “duck on a rock”, which was to try to reach an object placed on a rock by throwing a stone. Naismith asked the school manager for some 50 cm diameter boxes but he could only get a few baskets of peaches, which he ordered to hang on the railings of the upper gallery that surrounded the gym.
It was in this way that James Naismith created the sport known as Basketball, the essence of the game, simple, this would be played only with the hands and would aim to put the ball in a basket, where its name comes from, and the requirements of this new sport were expressed from its origin:
- Affinity for the ball
- Ease of apprehension
- Terrain Flexibility
- Permanent offensive approach
- The balance between attack and defense
- Skill Mastery
The first official basketball game was played at the YMCA gym on January 20, 1892. In 1894 the free-kick was established; in 1897 five players are regulated per team and in 1904 the size of the court was defined.
History of Basketball in the Olympic Games
Basketball began as an exhibition sport at the 1928 Olympic Games and the 1932 Olympic Games, achieving the Olympic category at the 1936 Olympic Games. Its creator, the Canadian professor, had the opportunity to witness his creation become an Olympic sport when he was accompanied by Adolf Hitler in the box of honor, in Germany. Women’s basketball had to wait until 1976 for admission as an Olympic sport.
In 1932 the FIBA (Fédération Internationale de Basketball) was founded in Switzerland. Who from that moment was dedicated to regulating the rules of basketball worldwide, as well as to periodically hold competitions and events.
Michael Oher Biography
Michael Oher (May 28, 1986)is a professional American football player. He was born in Memphis, Tennessee, United States. His birth name is Michael Jerome Williams, Jr., his parents were Denise Oher, and his father, Michael Jerome Williams, both paid very little attention to him throughout their childhood because they had serious addiction problems to drugs and alcohol. Besides, his father was absent for several months due to being in prison. Hence, his school performance was low, he was expelled from several schools. Subsequently, he was placed in a foster home.
His father died in a prison. The only thing that kept Oher from this tragic situation was football. He was helped by Tony Henderson, who along with his family helped him get into Briarcrest Christian School. He was on the 2003 football team, was selected as the Division II Lineman of the Year, and as a starting member of the Tennessee All-State team. After finishing the season he was chosen as one of the best offensive linemen in the United States. In 2004, Leigh Anne and Sean Tuohy adopted him. His new family provided sports and academic support. Oher also excelled in other sports such as disco, basketball, and track and field. After Oher finished high school, he enrolled in an NCAA Division I college. He made it to 23rd in the first round of the draft.
Big Mike is his nickname and he is known for his imposing figure of 315 lbs, but he is a kind and caring guy. Therefore, his adoptive home decided to support him in his dream. Michael Oher became ‘All America’ and has built a great present in the NFL. In 2008, he signed a contract with the Baltimore Ravens for 5 years and $ 13.8 million.
He started as a right tackle, but then did it as a left tackle for 8 weeks while replacing teammate Jared Gaither. Subsequently, thanks to a good quality of play, the Ravens selected 23rd Oher in the first round of the 2009 NFL Draft. On April 26 of that year, he returned to have the jersey number 74. He had significant participation in the victory against the New England Patriots and did not allow a single sack to his quarterback, so the Ravens won 33- 14. He earned the NFL offensive rookie of the year award from the Associated Press.
On February 3, 2013, he achieved the championship ring by defeating the San Francisco 49ers in Super Bowl XLVII. The following year he signed a 4-year, $ 19.9 million contract with the Tennessee Titans. But, he did not fulfill all the time that he had agreed with the Titans and went on to play for the Carolina Panthers. Oher signed a two-year, $ 7 million deal a month after breaking up with the Tennessee Titans.
At one point, his health was affected by severe headaches that caused problems in his sports performance.
The Blind Side
His story has been so inspiring that a film about his life titled The Blind Side, starring the talented actress Sandra Bullock, was released, a role that earned her an Academy Award. The athlete did not like the film because it does not tell the story of his life as he was, although it left him significant earnings for it raised $ 309 million.
Niki Lauda Biography
Nikolaus Andreas Lauda (February 22, 1949- May 20, 2019) He was born in Vienna, Austria. Austrian motorsport driver, famous for having been Formula 1 world champion on three occasions (1975, 1977 and 1984), with the Ferrari and McLaren teams. He started as a pilot at the end of the 1960s and shortly thereafter made his debut as a Formula 3 racer (1970). He started in Formula 1 under the shield of March in 1971 and four years later got his first big win as a Ferrari racer. Having achieved his first two titles in the seventies, Lauda left Ferrari to join the McLaren team, with which he won his last title in 1984. Known for his precision and great talent, Lauda left the tracks in 1985. Since then he concentrated completely on his role as an entrepreneur while owning the airline Nikki.
FAMILY AND BEGINNINGS
Born into a wealthy family, Lauda had Elisabeth and Ernst-Peter Lauda as parents. He received a careful education oriented to the business world. However, he decided to abandon this path to devote himself completely to the world of automobile competitions at the end of the 1960s, contrary to the will of his parents, who hoped that Lauda was a man of business. He began to participate in car races in 1968 and two years entered the world of Formula 3 (1970). Demonstrating his great talent and dexterity, Lauda became a Formula 2 racer in just one year. In 1971, he made his debut as a Formula 1 racer under the team of March Engineering, a team created in the late sixties by Alan Rees Graham Coaker, Robin Herd, and Max Mosley.
CAREER AS A DRIVER
After his debut with the team March in 1971, Lauda was known in the circuits of that year and 1972 for his skill and accuracy on the tracks. However, did not get any title. In 1973, he joined the official team of BRM, a team where he remained for a short time, since, in 1974, he was hired by Ferrari, thanks to the good references that also gave the pilot Clay Regazzoni, to the team in which he worked at that time. Starting his adventure with Ferrari, Lauda managed to make his first triumphs on the tracks, getting that same year the Awards of Spain and Holland. His expertise at the wheel, allowed him to make his way to the world and get his first title of world champion in Formula 1 in 1975.
After the successful 1975 season, Lauda managed to excel in the season towards the 1976 title, winning in four of the six races, however, his path was hampered when he suffered a major accident at the German Grand Prix. In this competition, the runner lost control of the car in a curve, which caused the car to crash with the protection fence and caught fire a few seconds later in the middle of the track. After the explosion, another car collided with this causing the sinister out of proportion, shortly after this, Lauda managed to leave with some injuries on his face and limbs. He was in recovery for a month and a half and returned to the tracks months before the competitions were over.
After coming back into the competitions, Lauda obtained several triumphs that took to him to stand out in the general classification, nevertheless, lost the title before James Hunt by a point. The singular duel of these two competitors during the season of ’96 became the source of inspiration for Ron Howard’s film, Rush (2013). In 1977, Lauda won his second Formula 1 title, winning the Grand Prix of Germany, South Africa, and the Netherlands. Having deteriorated his relationship with the Ferrari team since 1976, Lauda decided to leave the team to join the Brabham-Alfa Romeo team in 1978. He remained in this with a less competitive vehicle until 1979, year in which, tired of the bad results, he decided to get away from the tracks to devote himself completely to his first project as an entrepreneur, the newly created airline Lauda Air (1979 -2000). After being away from the tracks for two years, Lauda returned in 1982 as a member of the official McLaren team.
Two years after joining McLaren, Lauda got his last title of champion by facing his teammate, Alain Prost. After announcing his definitive retirement in 1985, Lauda dedicated himself completely to his business as an entrepreneur, being then the owner of the low-cost airline Niki, which he had consolidated thanks to the alliance he had with Air Berlin. Although he did not return to the tracks, Lauda stayed tied to the Formula 1 until his death, he worked as a commentator and even got to be hired as a counselor of Ferrari, a company with which he worked for several years.
As an adviser of the team, Lauda impulse the signing of Michael Schumacher, a pilot that would give numerous titles to the team in the course of the first years of the new millennium. Beginning in the 2000s, he worked for Jaguar and a few years later joined the commentary team of RTL (2010). During his last years of life, he was the technical advisor and partner of Mercedes. This outstanding Austrian pilot and businessman, died on May 20, 2019, in Vienna, Austria, after suffering several health complications, linked to his advanced age.
Zlatan Ibrahimović biography
Zlatan Ibrahimović (October 3, 1981) professional footballer, is a striker for Los Angeles Galaxy of Major League Soccer of the United States. He was born in Malmö, Skåne Province, Sweden. Ibrahimović practiced soccer since he was 8 years old in amateur teams such as Malmö Boll & Idrottsförening, Bollklubben Flagg and Fotbollklubb Balkan, all of these belonging to his hometown. But when he was 15 years old, the family’s economic situation was complex and he had to leave his training to work in the docks of Malmö. After a while, the one who would be his agent convinced him and supported him to return to the training sessions.
As his agent had predicted, Zlatan had a great performance and was promoted to the youth team of Malmö F. F. in 1996, and three years later he was promoted to the first team. He had his first Allsvenskan debut on September 19, 1999, his team was in visiting status against Halmstads Bollklubb. Unfortunately, they were defeated in a tough game, the score was 2 to 1. Approximately one month later the Swedish footballer scored his first goal in the professional category assuring the victory to his club on the Västra Frölunda.
His performance in the first season was acceptable, with Malmö playing six games and scoring a goal in the league, his team finished in thirteenth place with twenty-four points, but, although the team improved with his arrival it was inevitable that they would descend to the second division. In the campaign of 2000, the Malmö was the runner-up of the Superettan and managed then to return to the first division. The improvement of the team was very remarkable, so much so that they finished the season in second place with sixty points product of eighteen victories, some defeats, and draws.
Ibra, as he is called in the world of football, was the top scorer of his team with twelve goals. Before the start of the 2001 season, they lost in the semi-finals against the A. I. K. Stockholm match played in the framework of the Swedish Cup. In the 2001 season, he had important interventions and was decisive to overcome several games. In total, he scored three goals in eight games and Malmö finished ninth in the league with thirty-two points. With the team played a total of forty games. He was included by the magazine Don Bola in the list of the 100 best young footballers in the world.
His cycle at Malmö ended, the Swedish footballer came to Juventus from Turin at the request of then coach Fabio Capello, the club paid 19 million euros. His debut in the Serie A came on September 12, 2004, against Brescia Calcio, a match that ended with the victory of Turin. His participation in this tournament was very remarkable, thirty-five matches scored sixteen goals, which made his team win the league title after twenty-six wins, eight draws, and four losses. Unfortunately, they did not get the same result in the Italian Cup and in the 2004-05 UEFA Champions League.
That same year he was named Foreign Player of the Year in the Serie A and received the award for the best Swedish footballer of the year: his first Guldbollen. However, in the 2005-06 season, his effectiveness was lower compared to his first season. His role in the team changed: he stopped being a scorer to contribute to the team in the creation of the game, especially as a reference player in attacking plays. Juventus revalidated their title obtained in the previous season in Serie A. In the Champions League finished first, which allowed the advance to the quarterfinals where they lost against England’s Arsenal.
In the Champions League Zlatan played nine games and scored three goals in the group stage. On the other hand, in the Italian Cup, he played two games and did not score. Due to the encounter manipulation scandal known as Calciopoli or Moggigate, the two Italian leagues won were revoked and Juventus was descending to Serie B. This situation affected him so much that he decided to leave the team and sign for Inter of Milan.
He arrived at Inter of Milan in mid-2006, was signed for 24.8 million euros. The player signed a four-year contract. He debuted with the neroazzurra shirt in the Supercopa de Italia, tournament that same year was won by winning 4 to 3 at Roma. However, in the 2006-07 season of Serie A he scored his first goal against Fiorentina, this goal gave the victory to his team. Thanks to his performance, they became champions of the Italian tournament, wherein twenty-seven matches he scored fifteen goals. He also played in the Champions League but did not score goals. His team was eliminated in the second round against Valencia.
In the 2007-08 season, he was a two-time champion of the Serie A. In the UEFA Champions League he again participated in seven and scored five goals in the group stage. The arrival of José Mourinho marked his last stage in Inter, in such period he won the Italian Super Cup by defeating Roma. One of the most significant moments was when he scored in 2008 a magnificent goal against Bologna F. C. was considered the «Goal of the Year». For the Cup, Italy played four games and scored three goals, but was eliminated in the semifinals against Sampdoria. Ibra had the opportunity to sign with F. C. Barcelona for five seasons. His first goal with the Catalan team came on August 31, 2009, in a match against Sporting de Gijón.
Although in the first season he scored 22 goals, the following season his underperformance, he received several questions from the sports press. But, despite his commitment and his desire to fulfill the Spanish team, statements from Pep Guardiola ensured that the player would stay in the club during the 2010-11 season. However, it was only taken into account to play a game against Sevilla F. C. in the Spanish Super Cup 2010 and then returned to Italy. He returned to Milan for two seasons. And then Ibra dressed in Paris Saint Germain’s outfit, he was a very decisive player. He finished the 2014 season with 41 goals in 46 games, of which twenty-six were in the league, ranked second as the tournament’s top scorer.
Until the year 2016 where he played for PSG and was very important giving great victories to this team. Later, on June 30, his arrival at Manchester United became official. He made his debut on the 7th of August for the Community Shield 2016, scoring his first goal, giving him the victory against Leicester City. Currently, he plays for Los Angeles Galaxy.
Zlatan has also been summoned to play for Sweden’s World Cup in Japan and Germany. This player is really a talented center forward, a conceptual player of the game, a scorer, and a complete striker with exceptional ability. The Swedish Football Association published a statement in which it announced that the player will not be in the World Cup in Russia.
Tom Brady biography
Thomas Edward Patrick Brady, Jr. (August 3, 1977) professional football player. He was born in San Mateo, California, United States. Better known as Tom Brady. He plays as the quarterback for the New England Patriots in the National Football League (NFL). His father is named Thomas and his mother Galynn. Since attending a San Francisco 49ers game he became a fan of quarterback Joe Montana. Since then he was his inspiration and his idol. Performed tests to play in the San Francisco 49’ers although he passed was not taken into account in the NFL draft. Upon finishing his studies at the Junípero Serra High School, where he played in the position of the receiver in high school.
Subsequently, he was recruited in the Major League Baseball by the Montreal Expos team. He went to the University of Michigan where he had an excellent performance in both football and academics. Brady graduated with honors cum laude. He was a reserve player during his first two years at the Michigan Wolverines. When he enrolled at the University of Michigan, the team was in seventh place in the standings and had to work hard to get playing time. At one point he began to feel depressed, frustrated and therefore started seeing a sports psychologist.
But finally, Brady decided to fight for his dream and reached the number one position quarterback with Drew Henson, he started in the 1998 and 1999 seasons under the supervision of Michigan coach Lloyd Carr. In the first year, he set the record for Michigan for the biggest pass attempt (350) and pass completions (214). Unexpectedly, Brady solidified as one of the best passers in North America, was part of the ideal team of the conference of the Big Ten, during both seasons and as captain of the team in his last year at university. The Wolverines won several games in a row. Brady finished that season with a win over the Arkansas Razorbacks at the Citrus Bowl in Florida.
In the 1999 season, he was responsible for an unexpected win at the Orange Bowl over Alabama, he managed 369 yards and four touchdowns by air. Therefore, it is in the third position of the ranking in the history of the University of Michigan with 442 complete passes of 710 attempts. Thanks to his good performance the American athlete was called by the New England Patriots in the sixth round with the global selection 199 of the NFL draft. They did the selection test between quarterback Tim Rattay and Brady. In the end, the Patriots chose Brady, who was considered the biggest “acquisition” in the history of the NFL draft.
Brady was promoted to starting quarterback in 2001 because Drew Bledsoe suffered a hemorrhage during a match. The Patriots won eleven out of fourteen games with Brady as a starter. Brady finished with 2843 yards, with eighteen touchdowns, and twelve interceptions he was chosen for the Pro Bowl. Unfortunately, he suffered a knee injury during the AFC championship game against the Pittsburgh Steelers. Fortunately, the Patriots won the game and got their ticket to Super Bowl XXXVI against the Rams. The player recovered and in this match, the Patriots won the game with a great joint feat where Brady participated.
He was the youngest quarterback to win a Super Bowl. In the 2012 season, he led the league with twenty-eight touchdown passes and had 921 yards more than the previous season. In the middle of the season, Brady had a shoulder injury. The following year he recovered and led the Patriots to win twelve consecutive games, getting the title of the AFC East Division. Statistically, his best game was against Buffalo, where he achieved the highest rate of the season. Brady impressed the audience and the fans with his game. On February 1, 2004, he led the Patriots to a 32-29 victory over the NFC champions, the Carolina Panthers, in Super Bowl XXXVIII and was reappointed as the Super Bowl MVP.
During the 2004 season, he helped the Patriots set an NFL record with twenty-one games won consecutively since last season. The team won the title of the AFC East Division for the third time in four years. In a game against Pittsburgh, Brady had a pass rating of 130.5, his highest of the season, even though he had had a high body temperature the night before. On February 6, 2005, he led the Patriots to beat the Philadelphia Eagles, getting his third NFL championship in four years.
At the end of the season, the Patriots finished with a record of 10-6 and got their third title of the AFC East Division consecutively. The player suffered a hernia and had to be operated on surgically. In the 2007 season, the team was reinforced with important receivers such as Donté Stallworth, Wes Welker, Kelley Washington, and Randy Moss. In addition to tight end Kyle Brady; and the runner Sammy Morris. It can be said that this was Brady’s best season; He broke many records, personal, franchise, and NFL.
Brady did not play a game of the preseason 2008, because of an injury to his right foot. Apparently, this year was quite hard for the athlete because he then suffered a serious injury to the left knee where the middle and crossed ligaments were affected. Days later the Patriots confirmed that the rest of the season would be lost. In the 2009 preseason, he could not participate, Brady had to undergo antibiotic treatment to eliminate the infection, in addition to two surgeries on his knee. In his first official game after the recovery, he played against the Buffalo Bills pitched for 378 yards and two touchdowns.
After the game, Brady was named the Offensive Player of the Week for the AFC for the 13th time in his career. In 2010 he extended his contract four years more, for 72 million dollars, making him the player best paid in the history of the NFL. Shortly after, he suffered a car accident from which he was unharmed. In 2011 Brady became the fourth quarterback to throw for 5,000 yards in a season; beating Dan Marino’s record of 5,084 yards. He finished the 2012 season with 4,827 passing yards, 34 touchdowns, only 8 interceptions, and a passer rating of 98.7.
2014 season was not very good because several key players were injured. In 2015 Brady was suspended as punishment for his alleged involvement in the Deflategate scandal. On February 5, 2017, Brady won his fifth championship ring and his fourth MVP in the defining match.
On February 3, 2019, The Patriots won their sixth championship after defeating the Rams in Super Bowl LIII, in this way, Tom Brady became the only player in history with six rings of the NFL champion.
Tom Brady has a relationship with the Brazilian model Gisele Bündchen, and two children with the actress Bridget Moynahan.
Stephen Curry biography
Wardell Stephen Curry II (March 14, 1988) basketball player of the Golden State Warriors. He was born in Akron, Ohio, United States. However, because his father’s job he lived most of his life in Charlotte, North Carolina. His father is former NBA player Dell Curry and his mother, Sonya Curry, former volleyball player. His brother, Seth Curry, is also a basketball player in the Dallas Mavericks. He was raised under the evangelical Christian religion. He studied elementary at Montessori School, then went to Queensway Christian College in Ontario, where he was part of the basketball team, demonstrating his great ability. He graduated from the Charlotte Christian Institute, where he managed to be champion of the conference three times in a row.
His beginnings in professional basketball were in his university stage with the Wildcats of Davidson College after receiving a scholarship, for three days. From the beginning he showed without a doubt his great skill, for example, in a game against Michigan Wolverines got 32 points, 9 rebounds, and 4 assists. He finished the season and was chosen the second best rookie scorer in the entire country behind Kevin Durant. In his second season he returned to obtain the best averages.
As a result, he was elected in the second All-American team, he was a finalist for the John R. Wooden Award. In the last season he played before finishing his university career he was a leader in the NCAA scoring, he scored a score of 28.6 points per game. He was included in the first All-American team. In 2009, thanks to his great work, he was hired for a value of 12.7 million dollars for four seasons. He debuted as a base in the NBA on October 28 against the Houston Rockets. He only needed to play the first season to be selected for the first team of the All-Rookie.
He got his first triple-double in February 2010, 36 points, 13 assists, and 10 rebounds. Curry was awarded the NBA Sportsmanship Award. But, unfortunately, the player had a series of injuries that markedly stopped his career, but his contract continued to run. He was subjected to several recovery processes. When recovering he began to improve his campaign remarkably. He earned his personal best in 54 points in a game and beat the NBA 3-pointers record in one season. He finished the year playing his first playoffs.
During the 2013 campaign, he participated for the first time in the match of the stars. He was one of the most voted players to play the All-Star that year, with this he was able to overcome his own record of triples, another achievement of the basketball player was to enter the MVP of the regular season and become the NBA champion against the Cleveland Cavaliers. He was summoned in 2007 to be part of the U-19 team of his country, the team won the silver medal. This was the way to be signed by the American absolute team. On two occasions he has achieved the gold medal at the World Basketball Championships of 2010 and 2014.
He participated in the All-Star skills contest in 2011 and won the same thing in the triple contest in 2015. The young man continued working on this ability to get the record and he managed it with 303 triples. But, that was not all, Curry continued to work to overcome this mark and in 2016 he set the record in 402. He was again indisputably named by the NBA MVP for the second year in a row. Now, for the year 2017, Stephen Curry with the help of Kevin Durant assured Golden State Warriors his second ring of NBA champions in the last three years, the fifth in his career.
The warriors finished ‘playoffs’ in a very strong, close and exciting match with Cleveland Cavaliers. The score was (129-120) in their favor. Curry and his team finished the final with a 4-1. The player finished with 26.8 points, 8 rebounds, 9.4 assists and 2.2 steals per game, we really must point out that they are brilliant results. Since his adolescence, he was the boyfriend of Ayesha Alexander. With her, he married on July 30, 2011, in Charlotte, North Carolina. From this union were born two daughters, Riley, and Ryan Carson, in 2011 and 2015, respectively.
At the moment he is considered by the specialists like the best shooter in basketball history, with this he has obtained the love and the admiration of the fans. Many fans of other NBA teams ask for photographs and autographs at the end of the games. He is a fast player, able to steal the ball, dribble and run, evading his opponents. One of the greatest accolades he has received throughout his career has been to be compared to the legendary star Michael Jordan.
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