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Tony Bennett

Biography of Tony Bennett
Photo: Tom Beetz / (CC BY 2.0)

Tony Bennett Biography

He was born under the name of Anthony Dominick Benedetto, better known as Tony Bennett, on August 3, 1926, in Astoria, Queens, New York, (USA). He is a well-known singer. Son of shopkeeper John Benedetto and seamstress Anna Suraci. His father was born in Podàrgoni, Calabria, Italy and his mother in the United States. After his parents also emigrated from Calabria. He grew up with an older sister: Maria, and an older brother: John Jr. His father died when he was only 10 years old.

At that age, one of his uncles who was a tap dancer brought him closer to the world of entertainment. Since Anthony already sang.

In 1936, he acted before the mayor of New York at the inauguration of the Triborough Bridge. Thus, he began to sing while he was studying at the High School of Industrial Art where he not only studied music but also painting, an art he continues to practice successfully (his paintings are signed by Benedetto). But he had to abandon such studies at the age of 16 in order to help his family financially.

He started his musical career singing in several Italian restaurants in Queens. In 1944, when he was 18, he was enlisted to fight in Germany during World War II with the 63rd Infantry Division, where he took part in the liberation of the Landsberg concentration camp.

After the end of the conflict, he remained for a time in that country, forming part of a musical band that entertained the occupying forces. The hard experiences lived in the war, ended by reaffirming their pacifist ideology.

Back in the United States, Anthony continued singing without pretension until he was discovered by the actress and singer: Pearl Bailey, who chose him as the support act in a show that she offered in the Greenwich Village neighborhood. In such a show, he was seen by the popular Bob Hope, who immediately realized the great talent of the young man and decided to take him with him on a tour, but he suggested that he change his name: Anthony Benedetto would be called: Tony Bennett.

In this way, Bob Hope launched him to musical stardom in 1950 and that same year, he got a contract with CBS, in which he met Percy Faith, who since then became his musical producer. His first stage of great artistic and commercial reception embraced the 1950s and early 60s.

Some of his greatest hits are: “Stranger in Paradise” the recorded song to promote “Kismet” a Broadway musical, also the melody “Blue Velvet” hits that caused the hysteria of teenage fans as happened with Elvis Presley and Franz Sinatra. Such was his welcome at that time that he offered seven concerts a day (from 10:30 in the morning to 3 in the morning) at the Paramount Theater in New York.

“Blue Velvet” returned to the present thirty years later, with the homonymous film by David Lynch (Translated as Blue Velvet).

In the summer of 1956, Tony Bennett presented a weekly variety show on NBC television (The Tony Bennett Show), replacing Perry Como, and repeated two years later.

In 1957, he released the album “The Beat of My Heart” an approach to jazz that was well received and became the first popular music singer to collaborate with Count Basie and his orchestra.

In 1962, Tony Bennett got his first two Grammy Awards in the categories: Record of the Year and Best Male Vocal Performance as a Soloist with the song “I Left My Heart in San Francisco.”

In the seventies and eighties, he made several collaborations with jazz figures such as Jimmy McPartland, Bill Evans, George Benson, Dizzy Gillespie and Dexter Gordon.

His formula for not losing force in the competitive music industry was to make new versions of classic jazz artists such as Billie Holiday, Frank Sinatra, Duke Ellington, and Louis Armstrong. However, a few years later his success began to decline because then the public was more inclined towards The Beatles and Rock & Roll.

This decline led him to consume cocaine and suffer economic problems. In 1966, he tried his luck in the film with the movie “The Oscar” which received no good reviews and was not shoot again in thirty years.

Before these new musical trends, Tony Bennett was pressured by the president of CBS Records, to play a more youthful repertoire, but Tony was reluctant to enter the Rock world.

Finally, in 1970, he agreed to record an album of “Successes of today” which failed to convince anyone. Thus, in 1972, he left Columbia Records to sign with MGM Records, but he also did not have good results and soon he saw himself without a record company.

Then he founded his own label: “Improv” which failed because it did not have an adequate distribution network.

In this way, he ran out of manager and, seen only as an “old glory” was called exclusively to sing in the casinos of Las Vegas. Tired of this, he moved to the United Kingdom looking for a more receptive market, but again failed. In 1979, Tony bottomed out. He spent more money than he could, suffered a terrible overdose of cocaine that almost took his life, moreover his house in Los Angeles ran the risk of being seized by the US Treasury. Desperate, he asked for help from his sons Danny and Dae and undertook a progressive relaunch. Which led to that in December of the same year he made an amazing comeback, acting as a guest of honor celebrating his 40th professional anniversary.

His children had formed a musical group that did not work, as they lacked parental talent. However, they had a better eye for business; Danny became his manager and got his economic and artistic recovery. Also, thanks to a more rational management, managed to settle the debts with the US Treasury and in the early 80’s Tony reappeared in small stores in New York, trying to get rid of the decadent figure associated with Las Vegas. In 1986, Tony re-signed with the company of his greatest successes: Columbia Records, and expanded his audience towards a younger generation, all this, maintaining his musical style and his classic image of gentleman suit.

Thus, his resurgence was materialized with “The Art of Excellence” that entered in the best-selling lists in 1986, leaving behind the commercial failures. From then on, and wisely advised by his son Danny, Tony Bennett made several collaborations in radio and television that made him popular among the new generations: he participated in charity acts of small radio stations, went to the programs of David Letterman and the renowned Muppets and even came to appear in the animated series “The Simpsons”.

According to his own words, the young audience ignored all the melodic tradition of the early twentieth century that he carried with him, but he connected with that market. Tony Bennett has received 18 Grammy Awards in total, plus two Emmy Awards. He was married to Patricia Beech, a fan (1952 to 1971) with whom he had two children: Danny and Dae. After divorcing, he remarried Sandra Grant in 1971, and after divorcing again in 2007, he married Susan Crow that same year.



Lenny Kravitz

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Lenny Kravitz Biography

Leonard Albert Kravitz (May 26, 1964) was born in New York, New York, United States. American singer-songwriter, actor and music producer, considered one of the most prominent artists of the American music scene. Kravitz has excelled throughout his career for his compositions and way of performing, as well as his instrumental and rhythmic versatility, mixing styles such as blues, soul, funk, rock, pop, and reggae, among others. In the course of his successful career, he has collaborated with prominent artists such as Slash, Madonna, Alicia Keys, and the rock band Aerosmith, among others. Among his greatest hits are Mr. Cab driver, It Ain’t Over ‘Til It’s Over, Are You Gonna Go My Way and Thinking of You.

Early years

He was born into a family dedicated to the world of performing arts and television, his mother was the renowned actress Roxie Roker and his father was the television producer Sy Kravitz. From an early age he was interested in music, an aspiration that was supported by the family, began playing the drums. In the 1970s the family moved to Los Angeles, due to their mother’s job, who began the recordings of The Jeffersons series, subsequently appeared in the popular Roots series. Upon settling in Los Angeles Lenny continued training as an artist, was a member of the California Boys Choir, in which he excelled for his vocal technique. For this same period of time he learned to play the guitar and bass, subsequently attended Beverly Hills High School, and learned to play the piano.

After years of training, he tried to make himself known artistically by the artistic name of Romeo Blue. However, he had little success. He later moved to New York where he married Lisa Bonet, actress of The Show De Bill Cosby, with the help of this met Henry Hirsch, sound engineer, who became one of the key figures in the career of singer, along with this he took his first steps as a professional singer.

Professional career

The professional career of the prominent singer began in the late 1980s, at which time he released his first album, titled Let Love Rule (1989), a record released under the Virgin Records label; This includes the hits Mr. Cab Driver, Let Love Rule, My Precious Love and Sittin ’on Top of the World. In the album, Kravitz mixes styles such as rock, funk, soul, and psychedelic, influenced by the music of The Beatles and Prince. In the 1990s, he rose to fame collaborating with Madona in the composition of Justify My Love, a song that quickly positioned itself at number 1 on the top of Billboard. The following year his relationship with Lisa Bonet faced hard moments that led to these separating shortly thereafter.

That same year Kravitz published Mama Said (1991), an album that had the collaboration of the former guitarist of the band Guns N ‘Roses, Slash, which performed the guitar on the songs Always on the Run and Fields of Joy. This album conveyed Kravitz’s feelings for his wife, was even dedicated to her. It included the hits It Ain’t Over ‘Till It’s Over, Stand by My Woman, Flowers for Zoë and All I Ever Wanted, a song composed with the collaboration of Sean Lennon. After the breakup of the couple, Lenny had various romantic relationships with celebrities such as actress Nicole Kidman, model Kate Moss, and Barbara Fialho, among others.

In 1992, he collaborated in the composition and production of the homonymous LP of Vanessa Paradis, in which the themes Sunday Mornings and Be My Baby stand out. The following year, Are You Gonna Go My Way (1993) was released, an album inspired by the sounds of the 70s such as psychedelic rock, soul, funk and reggae. In this, Kravitz stood out for his interpretation of the guitar and the songs Are You Gonna Go My Way Believe, Is There Any Love In Your Heart and Come On and Love Me. That same year he collaborated with Mick Jagger on the cover of the song Use Me by Bill Withers, which was included in Jagger’s Wandering Spirit album. Two years later, he released Circus (1995), one of the bleakest albums of his career, in which he delved into his mother’s cancer and themes related to his spiritual growth; this included Rock And Roll is Dead, Circus and Can’t Get You Off Of My Mind, among others.

At the end of the 90s, he published 5 (1998) album in which he renews styles, leaving aside his retro style so criticized in recent years. In this the successful Fly Away theme is included, one of the most prominent themes of his career. Two years later he released Greatest Hits (2000), an album that included the single Again, followed by Lenny (2001), an album in which ballads A Million Miles Away and Yesterday Is Gone stand out; a short time later he collaborated and produced the album Goddess In The Doorway (2001) by Mick Jagger. Three years later, Baptism (2004) came out, whose single was Where Are We running.

In 2008 he released It Is Time for a Love Revolution, an album that included the hits I’ll Be Waiting and Bring It On. Three years later he released Black And White America, then Strut (2014), an album that includes the songs New York City and The Chamber. In 2018 he published Raise Vibration, an album whose single is It’s Enough. Currently, the singer is carrying out the presentations of the 2019 Raise Vibration Tour.

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Manu Chao

Manu Chao Biography
Festival Internacional de Cine en Guadalajara [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Manu Chao Biography

José Manuel Arturo Tomás Chao Ortega (June 21, 1961) He was born in Paris, France. Franco-Spanish singer-songwriter considered one of the most versatile and prominent musicians of the 21st century. He began his musical career in the eighties playing in the streets and being part of the bands of Rock Hot Pants (1984) and Los Carayos (1985). In 1987 he created the band Mano Negra with his brother Antoine and his cousin Santiago Casiriego. Together they succeeded in Europe and Latin America during the nineties, being remembered for the themes: Lord Matanza, King Kong Five, Soledad, and Moonrise, among others. He launched as a soloist with the album Clandestino (1998) and later published Next Station … Esperanza (2000). Since then he has performed live with the band Radio Bemba Sound System or Radio Bemba.



Son of journalist Ramón Chao and physicist Felisa Ortega, a couple who emigrated from Spain to France during Franco’s dictatorship. Chao spent his childhood in Boulogne-Billancourt and then moved to Sèvres, where he completed his studies and began to be interested in music and the political context, greatly influenced by his father. During his childhood and adolescence, he related to the various artists and intellectuals with whom his father related, among these he impressed figures such as the writer Alejo Carpentier, the painter Antonio Saura and the politician Felipe González. It was then that he began playing his first percussion instrument, which was given to him by Carpentier.

At age 14 he began to work taking photos in the interviews that his father conducted and later began to mix with the Parisian counterculture environment. Influenced by the punk of the seventies, he began playing with some friends in the streets, bars and abandoned factories of Paris.

In the early 80’s he created the alternative band Hot Pants (1984), with his cousin Santiago and his friends Pascal Borgne and Jean-Marc. In 1985, they recorded their debut single Hot pants, which included the songs: So Many Times and Lover Alone. Then they released the LP Loco Mosquito (1986), under the All or Nothing label. This LP consisted of eleven songs with a marked rockabilly style performed in English and Spanish.

In the late 1980s, he was part of the band Los Carayos (1986), along with François Hadji-Lazaro, Alain Wampas, Robert Fritsch and his brother Antoine. Between 1986 and 1994 they released the albums Hot Girls (1986), Ils Ont Osé! Live (1986), Persistent et Signent (1987) and Au Prix où sont les courges (1994). They were active for several years without having much impact on the Parisian scene. Most of the members worked with other bands at the same time, so they did not take off as a group. Even working with Los Carayos, he decided to create the band that changed the history of alternative rock, Mano Negra.


Mano Negra (1987-1995)

In the late 80’s he created the band Mano Negra with his brother Antoine and his cousin Santiago Casiriego. They began their adventure playing in the Paris subway and in a short time they drew the attention of the public with their characteristic fusion of musical styles, in which they found sounds as distant as Rock, rumba, hip-hop, and salsa. Chao’s lyrics interpreted in different languages ​​(French, Spanish, English, and Arabic) spoke directly to the rebel generation, young people with a political conscience, belonging to social movements and active in the streets.

In June 1988, they released their first album, the album Patchanka (1988), a fusion of African, Latin and native sounds that revolutionized the history of Hispanic rock. This successful album consisted of 14 songs, among which were: Mala Vida, Indios de Barcelona, ​​Takin ’It Up, Lonesome Bop, Rock Island Line and Salga la Luna.

In a short time, the band was seen as one of the most prominent groups of the rock scene of the late ’80s. With this album, they appeared at various festivals and toured various countries in Europe and Latin America. The success of his debut album was surpassed by Puta’s fever (1989), an album that put them on top and opened the doors of the international market with the single King Kong five. Beginning in the 1990s, they launched King of Bongo (1991), work with a marked rock style that was presented during the Iggy Pop tour in the United States. After the tour, they decided to focus their musical interests in Latin America, so, in 1992, they undertook a strange and crazy tour along the coasts of Brazil, Venezuela, Mexico, and Santo Domingo, aboard a ship. They also visited Colombia and other countries.

This long journey was collected by Ramón Chao in the book Train of Fire and Ice (1994). The strenuous adventure in various countries exacerbated the tensions already existing among the members of the band, which at that time had about 12 members. After posting Casto Babylon (1994), the band dissolved in the middle of several legal disputes. In the following years, Chao worked with some members of the band under the name of Radio Bemba and later collaborated with other artists making their way as a soloist.



In the late 1990s, he debuted as a soloist with the album Clandestino (1998), a record work that included the hits: Disappeared, Je ne t’aime plus, Luna y Sol, Minha Galera and La Despedida. After several years of silence he released Next station: Esperanza (2001), an album that became a success, thanks to the single, I Like You, one of Chao’s best-known songs. That same year he began his tour with Radio Bemba Sound System and later published his first work with these, entitled Radio Bemba Sound System (2002), live on his tour that included songs published with Mano Negra. In recent years he has published the albums: Sibérie m’était contéee (2004), La Radiolina (2007), Estación México (2008) and Baionarena (2009).

Currently, Chao is seen as one of the most representative artists of the 21st century, not only for his social messages and his vindication to the popular sectors but also for his ability to fuse styles as varied as rock, rumba, ska and hip-hop.


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Kurt Cobain

Kurt Cobain Biography
Bill Donald Bailey [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Kurt Cobain Biography

Kurt Donald Cobain (February 20, 1967 – April 5, 1994) He was born in Aberdeen, Washington, United States. American singer-songwriter, founder and principal member of the band Nirvana, an outstanding group that is deeply linked to the birth of the grunge subgenre in the early 1990s. After learning to play the piano and guitar in a self-taught way he began his career moving in the underground scene of his hometown. In the mid-1980s, he formed his first band called Fecal Matter with Krist Novoselic and Aaron Burckhard. In 1987, he changed the name of the band to Nirvana, making himself known with the debut single Love Buzz (1988). He rose to fame in 1991 with the release of Smells Like Teen Spirit, the first single from the iconic album Nevermind (1991).



Son of mechanic Donald Leland Cobain and his wife Wendy Elizabeth Fradenburg; Cobain had a sister: Kimberly, who was born in 1970. Raised in a Christian family, Cobain spent his first months in Hoquiam (Washington), until his family decided to settle again in Aberdeen. From an early age, he became interested in art and music, showing great artistic skills in the field of drawing. As a child, he learned to play the piano by ear and enjoyed rehearsing in a small drummer for children. However, not everything was going well in the family, his parents fought constantly, which led to their divorce in 1976 when little Cobain was only nine years old.

After the divorce, he lived with his father, who a short time later married a young mother of two children, which seriously affected Cobain’s life, since his father tended to defend his new wife and children more than the teenager. This complicated family situation led to the teenager Cobain taking refuge in drugs and music. It was then that he received his first guitar, as a gift from his uncle Chuck. Tired of the situation at home, he left the paternal home to live for a few months in different places. He finally settled in his mother’s home, but at that time he had a new partner and a disorganized lifestyle marked by alcoholism, so he did not stay long with her.



Surrounded by a flawed family environment, the young artist studied at the Aberdeen Institute, where he began to show his inclination for music and art. The institute met Buzz Osbourne, a member of the local rock band Melvins, with whom he began to develop his musical skills by being part of the city’s underground music scene and interacting with various amateur artists, among which were the first members of his band. Immersed in the music scene of the time, the young Cobain began to mix more and more with the world of drugs and alcoholism, vices that would be part of his lifestyle until his death in 1994.

After living on the street and with some of his friends in the mid-1980s, Cobain formed his first band, Fecal Matter (1985-1986), along with Krist Novoselic (bassist) and Aaron Burckhard (drums). As a band, they made some presentations in local bars and as opening actresses for Melvins, they also recorded Illiteracy Will Prevail (1986), the only album of the band that only published the song Spank Thru, as part of the compilation album, Sliver: The Best of the Box (2005). In 1986, the band disappeared after facing several losses of members and other difficulties of the rock scene. With the few members that remained, Cobain founded Nirvana (1987-1994), a group with which he consolidated as one of the most representative artists of the 1990s.


NIRVANA (1987-1994)

Initially formed by Novoselic (bass), Burckhard (drums) and Cobain (guitar, vocals, lyrics), Nirvana debuted in 1988 with the single Love Buzz, under the label Sub Pop Records. Over the years they joined the band Chad Channing, Dave Grohl, Jason Everman, and Dan Peters, being formally made up of Grohl, Novoselic, and Cobain.

A year after the release of their debut single, the band presented their first album, Bleach (1989), this included the songs About a Girl, Floyd the Barber, Negative Creep and the single Love Buzz. Although the album did not have much impact on the music scene, it allowed them to make known what the sound of Nirvana would be, which had a bit of punk, some heavy and a particular sound that would be known as grunge, an alternative subgenre that consolidated in the scene of the nineties.

After performing with the Sonic Youth band, Nirvana signed with the Geffen Records label, under which they published their successful second album, Nevermind (1991). This successful record work consisted of twelve songs, among which stand out: Smells Like Teen Spirit, Come as You Are, Something in the Way and Lithium. Smells Like Teen Spirit became one of the most listened to songs of the time and one of the most representative songs of the grunge music scene. The subject was so successful that it uncovered in popularity the song of Michael Jackson, Dangerous. In a short time, the aesthetics of the band became the fashion reference of the young generation, so many of the young people of the time wore ripped jeans and lumberjack shirts.

A year after the success of Nevermind (1991), Cobain married the singer and guitarist Courtney Love, with whom she had her daughter Frances Bean and a complicated relationship, marked by the use of drugs, alcohol, and antidepressants. That same year he released Incesticide (1992), an album in which the songs that had only been presented at the band’s concerts were assembled. He then published In Utero (1993), a disc of twelve songs in which the songs were included: Scentless Apprentice, Heart-Shaped Box, Very Ape, Radio Friendly Unit Shifter and All Apologies, among others. Shortly after its release, the album was positioned in the top places of the Top Sales in the United States, Norway, Canada, Sweden, Australia, and Germany.

At this time Cobain began to distance himself from the group and suffer depressive episodes, which led him to attempt against his life twice before his suicide. Fifteen days after his first suicide attempt in March 1994, Cobain had another incident, which was saved thanks to the surveillance of his wife, who forced him into a rehabilitation center. However, shortly after I leave, threatening his life again a few days later. This prominent artist ended his life on April 5, 1994, in Seattle, by shooting himself with a Remington carbine.


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Eleni Foureira

Eleni Foureira Biography
Dewayne Barkley, EuroVisionary [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Eleni Foureira Biography

Entela Fureraj (March 7, 1987) She was born in Fier, Albania. Greek singer, dancer, and designer, of Albanian origin, famous for representing Cyprus in the Eurovision 2018 with the song Fuego. Known by the name she adopted when she settled in Athens, Foureira began her career at the end of the first decade of 2000, forming part of the Mystique pop trio with Maria Makri and Alkmini Chatzigianni. They debuted with the single Se Alli Selida in 2007 and shortly thereafter released the album Μazi (2008). After the dissolution of the trio in 2009, she launched as a soloist with LP Eleni Foureira (2010). Famous for the themes Party Sleep Repeat (2014) and Ti Koitas (2016), Foureira rose to fame in 2018, after obtaining the second place in Eurovision 2018. Since then she has collaborated with renowned artists such as rapper Snoop Dogg, Kaan, and J. Balvin.



Daughter of Kristaq and Marjeta Foureraj; Entela Fureraj lived with her three brothers in the coastal city of Vlorë until she was ten years old. After the 1997 Rebellion stage, the family moved to Kallithea, Greece, where they lived since then. She lived in Athens and with only ten years Fureraj adopted the name of Eleni Foureira and the Greek nationality. It was then when she began to show interest in music and fashion, influenced by her mother, who worked as a designer. While studying her basic studies, she learned to play the guitar and as a teenager, she began working as an actress in several plays. After developing her artistic abilities during her adolescence, Foureira took her first steps in the world of music in the late 2000s, being part of the Mystique pop trio (2007-2009).



She debuted as a member of Mystique with Maria Makri and Alkmini Chatzigianni in 2007. That same year they released the debut single Se Alli Selida, which was included in their first Mazi album, released the following in 2008 under the Universal label. This album of ten songs included songs such as: For Poly Arga, Emmoni and Aman, as well as the collaboration with the Greek group NEVMA, entitled (Min Kaneis Pos) De Thymasai. Without having managed to excel in the Greek music scene, Mystique was dissolved in 2009 and Foureira continued her career this time as a soloist. During these first years in the Greek music scene, Foureira hid her Albanian origin for fear of being rejected, due to the Albanophobia present in Greek society. However, in 2014, she talked about her origin, highlighting that she felt like a Greek since she had been raised in the country.

In December 2010, Foureira made her solo debut with LP Eleni Foureira (2010), a record work that was released with the support of Universal Music. A short time later, she signed a contract with Minos EMI and released her second album, Ti Poniro Mou Zitas (2012). This eleven-song pop album included the popular tracks: Reggaeton, Mistiko, All I Need and the To Party Den Stamata collaboration with Midenistis. Two years later he released the Anemos Agapis (2014), a ten-song album, in which the hit song Party Sleep Repeat appeared and the collaboration with Colombian singer J. Balvin, Tranquila. Away from the world of music, Foureira remained busy working on the musical show Barbarella: The 80s Musical (Athens), between 2015 and 2016.

After signing a contract with Panik Entertainment Group, Foureira returned to the world of music in 2016 with the singles: Den Sou Chrostao Agapi, Ti Koitas with Mike and Come Tiki Tam. In 2017, she released her fourth album, Vassilissa (2017), which included the three previously published singles, in addition to eight unpublished tracks, among which stand out: Vasilissa, To Kati Pou Echeis and Ladies (Stand Up). Having tried to become the representative of Greece for the Eurovision Song Contest on several occasions, Foureira was finally selected to represent Cyprus at the 2018 festival. She entered the contest stomping with the simple dance/pop Fire, theme composed by Alex Papaconstantinou, renowned author of numerous hits performed by great artists such as Marc Anthony, Jennifer Lopez, Paulina Rubio, among others.

The staging and popularity of the theme led to the artist moving from the semifinal to the grand final, finishing second to the Israeli representative. Shortly before the festival ended, Foureira released the Spanish version of Fuego, due to the popularity that had achieved success in Spain. After her successful passage through the Eurovision, Foureira undertook a small tour of some European countries, such as Spain, England, Belgium, and Sweden. That same year, she appeared at the Gay Pride in Madrid and Barcelona, ​​as well as the Gay Pride in Cyprus. A few months later she launched the single Caramela, an original song by singer Moshe Peretz, at the MAD VMA Greek awards. During the ceremony, Foureira received the Best Female Modern award and performed the song Fuego alongside PlayMen.

At the end of 2018, she released the single in Spanish and English, Take Me and participated in the Los40 Music Awards, sharing the stage with renowned artists such as Bebe Rexha, David Bisbal, Dua Lipa, Rosalia, David Guetta, among others. She closed the year by participating in a series of concerts in Israel and publishing the 2018 Christmas song S’Agapo. Starting in 2019, the artist appeared in Spain and shortly thereafter released the single Triumph, part of a new advertising campaign for the lingerie brand of the same name.

In April, she collaborated with rappers Snoop Dogg and Kaan, on the topic Sirens, whose video clip became a trend, reaching more than 750,000 views on YouTube in three days. After performing at the Papa World Tour, Foureira participated as a guest artist at the Eurovision Song Contest 2019, a contest in which Holland won the Duncan Laurence Arcade theme. Throughout the year, the singer is expected to be a juror of the program La Banda and published her fifth album, still without a name.


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Claude Debussy

Claude Debussy Biography
Atelier Nadar [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Claude Debussy Biography

Claude Debussy (August 22, 1862 – March 25, 1918) was a composer and important exponent of impressionist music. His contributions to the field of music were essential for the musical trends that emerged in the twentieth century. His father, Manuel-Achille Debussy, was the owner of a porcelain shop and also worked in the printing press of Paul Dupont. His mother was named Victorine Manoury.

His parents instilled in him a taste for opera. Thanks to his aunt Clementina Debussy, he received his first piano lessons. In addition, he began to learn to play violin with the help of Jean Cerutti, who instructed him in the rudiments of piano technique. However, for one year he prepared to take entrance exams to the Paris Conservatory, approving with solvency. There he had as teachers Lavignac, Marmontel and Ernest Guiraud.

By 1880, he was a chamber pianist and a personalized piano teacher of the sons of Nadezhda von Meck. He held this position for four years. Then, he traveled to Moscow. The prodigal son was the cantata worthy of the Prix de Rome. The young Debussy had no inclination for Roman classicism. On the contrary, he felt a great attraction to the cultural life of Paris. As part of his musical experiences (he learned the Gregorian chant, the African and Javanese melodies, presented at the Universal Exposition in Paris).

Thanks to the lyrical compositions for singing and piano, the evolution of the artist is perceived, so he leaned towards a melodic formalism, gentrified style, evocative prose such as Ariettes oubliées (1888), Five poems by Baudelaire (1890), Fêtes galantes (1904) ), Prosas líricas (1893) and Three songs of Bilitis (1898).

In a second stage, thanks to the creation of musical impressionism forged the dissolution of the classical forms made by the romanticism. He published two children’s works: The Corner of Children (1908), and Preludes (1910 and 1913) showed the balance of modern composition for piano. The above shows that Debussy is the initiator of current musical trends. In short, it is necessary to recognize their failures related to orchestral impressionism, despite the interest in the symphonic poems: The Sea (1905) and Images (1909), Nocturnes (1899).

Towards 1910 he had a new classicist orientation that reacted against the diffusion of impressionism, manifested in the restoration of phonics and even formal precision. Now, the First World War would end up strengthening its traditions of national civilization.

In the last phase of Debussy’s art, he published: The Martyrdom of San Sebastian (1911), where the elevation of musical values ​​is undermined by the hybrid character of the stage performance, neither opera nor ballet.

In 1893 he went to Ghent to create the music of Maeterlinck’s drama. In 1909 he was in London for the presentation of Pelléas. Then, he visited Vienna and Budapest, Turin, Russia, Holland, and Rome, he advanced several compositions. Surprisingly during his life, he lacked disciples. He frequently acted as a musical collaborator in literary magazines. He was operated because of intestinal cancer. He fell very seriously in 1918, his emotional health was very bad by the disasters of the First World War and his body could not stand it anymore, so he died on March 25, 1918.



Debussy: Orchestral Music.

Debussy: Piano Works, Volume 1.

Debussy: Complete piano music, volume 2.

Claude Debussy: Intégrale de l’oeuvre pour deux pianos et piano à quatre mains. Christian Ivaldi et Noël Lee.

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