Prince Rogers Nelson was a singer, dancer, actor, philanthropist and composer of the United States, renowned for his innovative songs, excellent work, extravagant staging, costumes, appearance, and vocal quality. In his musical career, he made songs of genres such as funk, R & B, new wave, soul, blues, rock, and jazz; so, he is recognized as one of the most successful singers in the history of music. He was born on June 7, 1958, in Minneapolis, Minnesota. He was the son of John L. Nelson and Mattie Shaw.
From a very young age he was interested in music, and at the age of 7, he began to learn how to play the piano that his father had left at home before being separated from his mother. When he turned 13, his father gave him an electric guitar, which he dominated and started playing very quickly.
Sometime later he escaped from his mother’s house, to live with his friend André Cymone, to start making music. At first, they played versions of other artists such as Earth, Wind & Fire, Jimi Hendrix, Billy Preston, accompanied by drummer Charles “Chazz” Smith, who was Prince’s cousin.
His friend formed a small band called “Grand Central” where Prince was an indisputable member. They made presentations at parties, religious communities, and hotels. However, Prince did not sing because he claimed that his voice was not suitable for public presentations.
In 1975, he met Pepé Willie, a musician by profession who helped Prince to enter the professional world, and with whom he made his first studio recordings, accompanying him as a guitarist in the band called “94 East.” At that time, Prince composed the song “Just Another Sucker” with which he started as a studio Singer and composer.
Shortly after he met Chris Moon, owner of a small studio in the south of Minneapolis, with whom he began to perform as an apprentice. Moon recommended him with a friend of his called Owen Husney, with whom he recorded a demo model, which after a few days was a total success, so much so that companies like Warner Bross became interested in the services of the young singer.
For the year 1978, he recorded his first album titled “For You” where he composed all the songs and played all the instruments that are heard on the album. The disc was a great success, reason why Prince began to be compared with artists of the stature of Stevie Wonder and Michael Jackson.
In 1979, he became the great promise of black music, thanks to the release of his album “Prince” which featured songs like “I Wanna Be Your Lover” the singer’s first song to reach the charts of hits, and the classic “I Feel for You.” In that same year, he made his first tour in the United States, as a soloist and as an opening act for Rick James. His first fixed band consisted of André Cymone on bass, Gayle Chapman and Matt Fink on keyboards; and Dez Dickerson on the Guitar.
He released the album “Dirty Mind” in the year 1980, where he had a change in his musical style with raw sounds and themes related to sex.
In 1981, he released his album “Controversy” where he left aside the sexual theme and used social issues; songs like “Ronnie, talk to Russia” and “Annie Christian” were highlighted.
A year later he released the album “1999” with which Prince came for the first time to the Top Ten of the Billboard 200 ranking. The recorded work was considered by the experts in music, as the first great masterpiece of the singer. At that time, Prince and his band took the name “The Revolution” and soon after began a tour of the United States to promote their album “1999.”
At that time, Prince had the idea of making a movie. In the course of the musical tour of the disc “1999” took notes of ideas in a purple notebook and their representatives Cavallo, Ruffalo, and Fargnoli made that their companies were interested in the project. In the summer of 1983, the movie was shot in Minneapolis and Los Angeles. On August 8 of that year, he performed a charity concert on 1st Avenue.
For the year 1984, he released the album and film “Purple Rain” which took Prince to the highest level of stardom in his career. The disc sold more than 15 million copies only in the United States and the film raised more than 60 million dollars. In the month of November of that same year, he made a tour that began in Detroit, ending in Miami in April 1985. At that time, Prince won 3 Grammy for the album “Purple Rain” and an Oscar for Best Band sound.
With a career marked by success, in 1985 he released his album “Around the World in a Day” which involved a theme with psychedelia, Arabic echoes, and existentialism. The most outstanding song of the album was “Raspberry Beret” with which he gained an award of MTV. At that time, he began the construction of a large audiovisual complex called Paisley Park in Chanhassen; the building featured several recording studios and a large set for filming movies.
In late 1985 and early 1986 he recorded several songs, with Eric Leeds, Sheila E, Levi Seacer Jr. and with Wendy and Lisa. The themes were part of a project called The Flesh. Prince left the album ready. However, he abandoned his publication, to start a new musical project, a film, and a more collaborative album. The release of his album “Parade” arrived on March 31, 1986, which was accompanied by a movie called “Under the Cherry Moon” which was widely criticized and considered a total failure.
With the promotional tour of the album, he came for the first time to some countries in Europe and Japan. At that time Prince launched a new group called “The Family” formed from what had been left of The Time. In 1987, after more than a year of work, some projects postponed and the dispersion of his band The Revolution, Prince released the album “Sign ‘O’ the Times” an album that is considered the best of the singer’s musical career. The album was the most eclectic of his career; included an 80-minute double disc filled with musical genres such as funk, gospel, pop, and rock, featuring songs like “If I Was Your Girlfriend” “Hot Thing” and “I Could Never Take the Place Of Your Man.”
The musical tour he did in promotion of his album was a total success and was immortalized in a movie of the same album title. For the year 1989, he made a collaboration with Madonna in his album “Like a Prayer” where he recorded with her the song “Love Song” and participated as a non-accredited musician. By the end of the 80’s and beginning the 90’s he also released the albums “Lovesexy” in 1988; Batman in 1989, which was the soundtrack of the movie that had the same name; Graffiti Bridge in 1990, and Diamonds and Pearls in 1991. At that time, he also started working with the band “New Power Generation.”
For several years Prince could not publish music with his name, so in 1992 he adopted a symbol called “Love Symbol.” On October 13 of that year, he released his album “Symbol” which was highlighted by the song “My Name Is Prince” in which he announced that he would return to the name of Prince. In 1993 he released the album entitled “The Hits / The B-Sides” which was a compilation of his 15-year musical career. In the course of that decade, he released the albums “Come” (1994), “The Gold Experience” (1995), “Chaos and Disorder” (1996) and “Emancipation” (1996). For the year 1998, he released the album “Crystal Ball” and “Newpower Soul”.
On November 20, 2001, Prince released his album “The Rainbow Children” which was considered by the community of musicians and instrumentalists as a total success, thanks to the mix of styles that the album had. In that same year, Prince became Jehovah’s Witness, so he stopped singing his sexually explicit songs. In 2002 he released his album “One Nite Alone …” which featured a CD and a DVD. Later came the albums “N.E.W.S” (2003) and “Musicology” (2004). On March 21, 2006, Prince released the album “3121.” In that same year, he won a Golden Globe Award for the song “The Song of The Heart” for the movie “Happy Feet.” In that year he also published a compilation album entitled “Ultimate Prince.”
He was chosen to sing in the intermission of Super Bowl XLI 2007.
On July 15 of that same year, Prince published his album “Planet Earth” where the song highlighted was “Guitar.” The singer caused controversy because he decided to give away his album with a Sunday newspaper and the concert attendees of his musical tour. By the end of 2007, Prince accused his followers of violating their legal rights, as they had begun to use his photos in avatars of several web pages. In 2008, the singer won a Grammy Award for best R & B soloist for the song “Future Baby Mama.”
By 2009 Prince released two albums under his name, “Lotus Flow3r “and” MPLSound.” On July 18 he performed at the Montreux Jazz Festival in Switzerland. After two years of musical absence, Prince reappeared in 2010 with the release of his album “20Ten.” On July 25 of that same year, the singer paid homage to Michael Jackson. On April 14, 2016 he performed a concert at the Fox Theater in Atlanta, under unfavorable health conditions. After the concert ended, on the flight back to Minneapolis, Prince lost consciousness, so the plane had to land emergency to be stabilized.
Prince died on April 21, 2016 at the age of 57, because of an overdose of fentanyl. That day the singer was found lifeless in the elevator. The death of the singer hit the United States and several parts of the world, so much so that in several cities of the United States there were vigils and tributes in his memory, The MTV channel suspended his usual programming to broadcast a marathon of music videos by the artist and the movie Purple Rain, among other posthumous tributes to his death. In 2016 Prince was the artist who sold more albums in physical and digital formats in the United States.
AWARDS AND RECOGNITIONS
- 7 Grammy Awards (1985, 1984, 1987, 2005, 2008, in some years he won several prizes totaling 7)
- 1 Golden Globe Award for the best original song for “The song of heart” (2006).
- 1 Award Oscar for the movie “Purple Rain” (1985).
- He was included in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2004.
- Rolling Stone magazine included him in a ranking called 100 Greatest Artists, where he held the position 27.
- Three of his video clips received MTV awards.
- He won a Brit Award, a Bet Award, and two ASCAP Film and Television Music Awards for Partyman and Thieves in the Temple for being the most widely disseminated film themes in 1989 and 1990 respectively.
- In 2006 he was honored with the Webby Lifetime Achievement Award for the work carried out from NPG Music Club.
- In June of 2016, he received as a posthumous tribute the honorary title of Doctor in Humanistic Sciences from the University of Minnesota.
DISCOGRAPHIC WORKS INCLUDING BANDS AND RECOPILATIONS
- 1978: For You.
- 1979: Prince.
- 1980: Dirty Mind.
- 1981: Controversy.
- 1982: 1999.
- 1999,1984: Purple Rain.
- 1985: Around the World in a Day.
- 1986: Parade.
- 1987: Sign o ‘the Times.
- 1988: Lovesexy.
- 1989: Batman.
- 1990: Graffiti Bridge.
- 1991: Diamonds and Pearls.
- 1992: Love Symbol.
- 1993: The Hits / The B-Sides.
- 1993: The Hits 1.
- 1993: The Hits 2.
- 1993: Goldnigga.
- 1994: Eat.
- 1994: Black Album.
- 1995: The Gold Experience.
- 1995: Exodus.
- 1996: Chaos and Disorder.
- 1996: Girl 6 (album).
- 1996: Emancipation.
- 1998: Crystal Ball / The Truth.
- 1998: Kamasutra.
- 1999: The Vault: Old Friends 4 Sale.
- 1999: Rave Un2 the Joy Fantastic.
- 2001: The Rainbow Children.
- 2001: Rave In2 the Joy Fantastic (remixes).
- 2001: The Very Best of Prince.
- 2002: Xpectation.
- 2002: One Nite Alone … Live!
- 2003: NEWS2003: C-Note.
- 2004: Musicology.
- 2004: The Slaughterhouse.
- 2004: The Chocolate Invasion.
- 2006: 3121.
- 2006: Ultimate Prince.
- 2007: Planet Earth.
- 2008: Indigo Nights.
- 2009: Lotusflow3r / MPLSound / Elixer.
- 2010: 20Ten.
- 2014: Plectrumelectrum.
- 2014: Art Official Age.
- 2015: HITnRUN Phase One.
- 2015: HITnRUN Phase Two.
- 2016: 4Ever.2017: Deliverance.
Paul Signac Biography
Paul Victor Signac (November 11, 1863 – August 15, 1935) was born in Paris, France. A Painter considered one of the most prominent exponents of neo-impressionism with Georges Seurat, a painter with whom he had a close relationship. Signac was born into a wealthy family which allowed him to devote himself fully to painting.
By the mid-1880s, he studied arts and honed his skills in Bin’s workshop. In the early years of his career, he became interested in impressionism, an artistic movement that continued until he met Seurat. Along with this he ventured into pointillism or divisionism, an artistic technique of which Signac is one of the most important exponents. In his works, he painted landscapes of southern France and other regions that he visited on his ship.
Studies and beginnings
Born into a wealthy family, he was able to devote himself to study and the arts without restrictions. In 1882, he joined the École des Arts-Décoratifs de Paris (School of Decorative Arts). For the same period, he attended the free workshop of Bin, painter, and politician, who was then mayor of Montmartre. In the course of the following years, he collaborated in the creation of the Société des Artistes Indépendants, founded in 1884. He was the vice president in 1903 and president six years later. He also participated actively in the creation of the Salon des Indépendants.
In 1886, he was part of the IX Impressionist Exhibition, along with renowned painters such as Seurat, Edgar Degas, Camille Pissarro, Jean-Louis Forain and Paul Gauguin. In these early years, his paintings reflected the influence of Pissarro, Pierre Auguste Renoir, and Claude Monet.
Towards the end of the 19th century, Signac began to lean towards the style proposed by Seurat, deepening the pointillist technique. In those first paintings, he painted the Mediterranean coasts and the banks of the Seine, lighthouses, coasts, among others.
In 1899, he raised his aesthetic ideas in the book De Eugène Delacroix to Neo-impressionism (1899), a work in which he defended the techniques of neo-impressionists. School that emerged in 1886 from the hand of Seurat and Signac. Camille Pissarro, Maximilien Luce Théo van Rysselberghe and Henri-Edmond Cross also participated in this.
Some characteristics of this artistic movement are the concern for volume, the development of shapes without defined profiles, the order in the composition and the use of pure basic colors, which when used in a pointillist painting would create an optical illusion that gives more luminosity in painting. This idea is based on the theory of the simultaneous contrast of colors by Michel Eugéne Chevreul.
When Seurat died, Signac moved to Saint-Tropez, (Cote d’Azur, France), a town where he remained until 1911. Throughout his life he traveled and sailed through different countries such as Italy and Turkey, also toured France. During these trips visited La Rochelle, Marseille, Venice, and Istanbul, among others. Those experiences served as inspiration for his paintings, in which he represented maritime scenes. Within those trips, he painted a large number of watercolors.
Throughout time, he ceased to strictly follow the rules of pointillism, widening the brushstrokes as seen in the paintings Samois, Departure of tuna vessels in Groix, La Seine au Pont-Royal, and Rivière de Vannes. From 1913, Signac traveled to Antibes, where he spent long stays, keeping his studio in Paris. During this period, he was president of the Société des Artistes Indépendants, a position he held from 1909 until his death on August 15, 1935, in Paris.
In the course of his career, Signac painted a large number of paintings and watercolors. In most of these, he applied pointillism, a technique developed by Seurat. Most of these paintings represented maritime scenes, although, he also painted still lives, decorative compositions, and everyday scenes. Among his most outstanding works are Opus 217. Against the Enamel of a Background Rhythmic with Beats and Angles, Tones, and Tints (1890), Woman by the Lamp (1890), The Papal Palace in Avignon (1900), Grand Canal ( 1905), The Port of Rotterdam (1907), Antibes, the towers (1911), Port of La Rochelle (1921) and Lézardrieux (1925).
In the last years of his career, he painted various watercolors in which he did not strictly follow the rules of pointillism; for this period he became friends with Belgian painters who subsequently formed a group of neo-impressionists.
Paul Gauguin Biography
Eugène Henri Paul Gauguin (June 7, 1848 – May 8, 1903) was born in Paris, France. Painter. Considered one of the most prominent exponents of post-impressionism with Vincent van Gogh, Paul Cézanne, Henri Matisse, Georges Pierre Seurat, Camille Pissarro, and Paul Signac, among others.
Gauguin began to be interested in art in the early 1870s, at which time he acquired various works of impressionist art and took classes, later he comes into contact with artists such as Camille Pisarro with whom he began working. His first works influenced by Impressionism were exhibited at the Impressionist Exhibition of 1879. By the end of that decade, he faced serious economic and family problems, which affected his reputation. During this period his work changed radically, an event that was influenced by his relationship with Vincent van Gogh and his trip to Martinique. His most famous paintings are: The Seine on the Jena Bridge, (1875), Rouen, blue roofs, (1884), Laundresses of Arles (1888), The Green Christ (1889), Manao Tupapau (1892) and where we come? About us? Where we go? (1897).
Son of Clovis Gauguin and Aline Chazal, his father was a French journalist and his mother was a native of Peru. After the coup d’etat of Napoleon III in 1851, the family moved to Peru, where he lived for four years. He was raised in a middle-class family. While growing up he was attracted to the sea, which led him to enroll in the merchant marine with only 17 years, later joined the Navy. At that time, he visited different countries in South America and Europe.
By the beginning of the 1870s, he returned to Paris, where he began working at a financial company, shortly afterward he married Mette-Sophie Gad, with whom he had five children. Thanks to his work he was able to live with his family comfortably. At that same time, he began to be interested in painting and Parisian art, which is why he took painting classes and bought various works by impressionist painters such as Camille Pissarro, Édouard Manet, Paul Cézanne and Claude Monet.
After taking classes and coming into contact with the Parisian artistic environment, he began painting his first works, in which the influence of impressionism is reflected. The first of these was the lake in the plain (1874). The following year he became friends with Camille Pissarro, an impressionist painter with whom he began working since then. During these years, Gauguin made various paintings such as The Seine on the Jena Bridge (1875), Autumn Landscape (1877), Mette Gauguin Sewing (1878), Garden Under the Snow (1879) and The Hortelanos de Vaugirard (1879). These consolidated the career of the young artist. Upon gaining recognition from other impressionist artists he was invited to the Impressionist Exhibition of 1879, in which works by Monet, Pissarro, Edgar Degas, and Mary Cassat were exhibited.
In the following years, he was part of the Impressionist exhibitions, which became the center of the debate of the movement; recognized painters such as Jean-Louis Forain, Berthe Morisot, Henri Rouart, Victor Vignon, Georges Seurat and Paul Signac participated in these.
In 1883, the Parisian stock market collapsed, so Gauguin decided to make his passion for art his profession. Dedicating himself completely to this artistic activity. The following year he moved with his family to Copenhagen, the city where his wife’s family lived. During his stay, he sought financial support from the family. However, his attempts failed, shortly after he abandoned his wife and children, an event that affected his reputation. In the following years, Gauguin was rejected by the society of the time.
Gauguin and post-impressionist painting
Towards the end of the 1880s, his paintings and ideas changed. He began to move away from impressionism, without completely denying it. His new style was within the framework of what became known as synthesism, a term used by post-impressionist painters to distinguish their work from impressionism. This turn that his work had was influenced by his relationship with the Dutch painter, Vincent Van Gogh, who at that time visited his brother in Paris. This short stay on the island of Martinique also influenced this change.
Between 1886 and 1888 he followed Van Gogh, impressed by his work he traveled to Arles with him in 1888, where he hoped to work together. However, the personalities of these collided leading to this project to fail. From this period, the works stand out: Four Bretons (1886), Still Life with a Profile of Laval (1886), Near the Sea II (1887), Conversation in the Tropics (1887) and Portrait of Madelaine Bernard (1888).
After he failed in Arles he returned to Paris, where he began to deepen his interest in popular art influenced by his friend Émile Bernard. During this period, he developed with Bernard the style that distinguished them from the Impressionists, the synthesis. A style that was characterized by the delineation of the color zones, which contrasted strongly in the painting, likewise, it did not seek to represent impressions or imitate scenes. This style rejected the techniques and bases of Impressionism.
In the last years of his career, Gauguin traveled and spent a long time in the Marquesas and Tahiti Islands. While residing in these islands he painted scenes of daily life and scenes that alluded to the culture and beliefs of the inhabitants of the island, such as La Orana Maria (1891), On the beach (1981), Upaupa, The dance of fire (1891) The house of the hymns (1892), the canoe (1896), The idol (1897), Where do we come from? About us? Where we go? (1897) and invocation (1903). During these last years of his career, the painter’s health deteriorated, he died on May 8, 1903, in the Marquesas Islands.
Henri Rousseau Biography
Henri Julien Félix Rousseau (May 21, 1844 – September 2, 1910) was born in Laval, France. Painter, considered one of the key figures of the naive artistic current, a style that was characterized by naivety and spontaneity exposed in his works. Rousseau became known in the Parisian artistic environment in the mid-1880s, at which time his work was exhibited in the Hall of Independents, where the works of great post-impressionist artists such as Georges Seurat, Paul Signac, Edgar Degas, Camille Pissarro, and Paul Gauguin, were exhibited, among others.
Due to his humble origin, he could not train academically as an artist. However, with discipline and effort, he learned in a self-taught way, managing to develop his talent without specialized training. Before devoting himself fully to painting, he worked as an employee of the arbitrary, a profession that was inspired by his nickname, The Customs. Among his most recognized works are The War (1894), The Sleeping Gypsy (1897) and The Snake Charmer (1907).
He was born in a humble family, attended his academic studies while doing small jobs. During his youth he enlisted in the army, being part of it for four years. In the 1870s, he was on the battlefield due to the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War, after the death of his father was sent home. In 1871 he settled with his wife, Clémence Boitard in Paris, a city where he began working as an employee of the arbitration, municipal tax office that is responsible for collecting taxes. While working he began to be interested in poetry, music, and art, passionate about them, but without being able to pay for his studies, he learned everything necessary in a self-taught way.
Since the end of the 1870s he began painting and drawing, subsequently came into contact with the Parisian artistic environment, drawing the attention of some post-impressionist artists. In 1886, his first known work, The Carnival of Animals, was exhibited, in which the influence of academic painting and its detailed representation is perceived, in this use intense colors and moderate shades. This application of colors is one of the characteristics of Rousseau’s works.
In the 1890s, he retired from his work to focus on his artistic production, by then his work had been ridiculed. However, he began to gain the attention of the public and the impressionist and post-impressionist artists after the publication of a series of works in which the naive style is reflected, of which it is one of the greatest exponents.
The first work of this series was the portrait titled, Myself: Portrait-Landscape (1890), followed by Tiger in a tropical storm (1891), a painting in which he used intense colors to represent the hard moment a tiger was going through when facing a tropical storm; a short time later he presented Centennial of Independence (1892), a work that illustrated the celebration of the anniversary of independence.
Two years later, he painted The War (1894), a painting that alluded to the horrors of war, in which you can see a field covered with bodies and a wild-looking floor; the rawness of the theme contrasted with the naive style of the painting. These works caught the attention of the impressionist Degas and the primitive post-impressionist Gauguin, among other artists of the same artistic environment. The following year he presented Boy on the Rocks (1895), followed by The Sleeping Gypsy (1897), one of his best-known works, in this, the painter illustrated a lady lying next to a lion in an unreal environment, which refers to the dream world, thematic that was frequently addressed in his works.
In the early years of the twentieth century, Rousseau’s work was admired and widely recognized, among his most prominent admirers are Pablo Picasso and Guillaume Apollinaire, a writer who appreciated the poetic way in which he expressed himself in his paintings. In the mid-1900s, Rousseau began painting a series of jungle scenes, which attracted public attention for attention to detail and the use of bright colors, among these stand out hungry lion attacking an antelope (1905), The Merry Jesters (1906) The Snake Charmer (1907), The Equatorial Jungle (1909), Mandrill in the Jungle (1909) and The Dream (1910). In these, the painter referred to the lost natural paradise, represented as an exotic world. These works profoundly influenced the naive artistic current and other imaginative currents that subsequently emerged.
For this same period, he painted various portraits, urban scenes and scenes of everyday life such as weddings and sporting events, among these are: The girl with a doll (1905) and The Football Players (1908). His last work was The Dream (1910), a painting in which he illustrated the exotic dream of a young woman resting on a sofa; This work is connected with Snake Charmer and her works on jungle scenes.
In the last years of his life, his career was hampered by the rise of primitivism. After a career of highs and lows, Rousseau died on September 2, 1910.
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec Biography
Henri Marie Raymond of Toulouse-Lautrec (November 24, 1864 – September 9, 1901) was born in Albi, France. Painter, draftsman and poster artist, considered one of the most outstanding artists of the 18th century, in his works he frequently represented the Parisian nightlife.
Toulouse-Lautrec was interested in art from an early age, thanks to his family origin he was able to devote himself fully to cultivate his passion for drawing. Due to two accidents he suffered while practicing sports, his lower limbs were stunted, so he did not reach the appropriate height for someone his age. That situation did not affect his social life, nor his artistic career. In the 1880s he opened his workshop, in which he developed most of his artistic production, which was influenced by the work of artists such as Edgar Degas, Vincent van Gogh, and Paul Gauguin, as well as the Japanese prints ukiyo-e. His most recognized works are The stable of the Fernando circus (1888), Dance at the Moulin Rouge (1890), At the Opera Ball (1893) and In the hall of rue des Moulins (1894).
He was born into an aristocratic family, his parents were Alphonse de Toulouse-Lautrec-Monfa and Countess Adèle Tapié de Celeyran, first-degree relatives; due to their consanguinity, Henri suffered a disease that affected the proper development of his bones. In 1868, his parents divorced and the four-year-old boy was in the care of his mother. He lived with her in the French county of Albi until 1873, the year in which the family moved to Paris. A year later the disease began to manifest itself. However, the family did not let this affect the child’s life. Henri had a calm and happy childhood and adolescence, during these years he played sports and began to be interested in art. While practicing sports he suffered two accidents (1878 and 1879) which seriously affected his lower extremities, since then they grew little, which is why Henri measured 1.52 m.
Towards the end of the 1870s he began painting in the workshop of René Princeteau, an outstanding painter of equestrian and military subjects, he later studied painting the art studies of Léon Bonnat and Fernand Cormon. During this training period he met the post-impressionist painters Émile Bernard, Louis Anquetin and Vincent van Gogh, of the latter he made a portrait in which colors abound, he is currently in the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam. This contact with artists of the post-impressionist artistic movement profoundly influenced the works of Toulouse-Lautrec, an artistic one that, as time went by, began to be part of this school, following the expressionist line with Van Gogh.
In 1885 he opened his workshop in Montmartre, where he carried out most of his artistic productions, influenced by the Parisian artistic environment that at that time was leaving aside impressionism as such, to give way to schools that inspired by it rejected its rigor, such as the neo-impressionist school of Seurat and Signac or the synthesis of Gauguin. During this period his works were influenced by the style of Edgar Degas and the ukiyo-e, Japanese prints; of these works he appreciated characteristics such as the use of colors, the enhancement given to the focus of the painting and the way of capturing certain scenes.
In the course of his artistic career Toulouse-Lautrec, he had an active social life, which led him to move in the bohemian atmosphere of Montmartre. He was a regular customer in cafes, theaters and dance halls also frequented brothels and other entertainment establishments. These experiences were the inspiration of his work in which he shaped the bohemian atmosphere, especially drew singers, dancers and circus characters. Since the end of the 1880s, the development of his style can be seen in his works, as reflected in At the Cirque Fernando (1888), in which he represented the world of the circus and its dazzling shows.
In the 1890s he began to illustrate the atmosphere of the Moulin Rouge, emphasizing the dancers and dance scenes, by this time he drew Dance in the Moulin Rouge (1890), Moulin Rouge: La Goulue (1891), The English in the Moulin Rouge (1892), In the Moulin Rouge: two women dancing (1892) and Jane Avril. Garden of Paris (1893); it is worth mentioning that Jane Avril is considered the muse of the young artist. The following year he painted in the hall of rue des Moulins (1894), a work in which he represented the atmosphere of the brothel. In this decade he drew numerous advertising posters on cabarets and commercial products, through which he laid the foundations for poster design. Among the most outstanding works are Divan Japanese (1893), Photographer Sescau (1894), The Mademoiselle Eglantine Company (1896) and The Simpson Chain (1896).
Towards the end of the 1890s, the health of the young artist deteriorated due to alcohol consumption, which is why he was admitted to hospital in 1899, to carry out an ethyl detoxification treatment. During this period he experimented with the use of colors and artificial light. In these years he drew Madame Poupoule at Her Dressing Table (1898), The Bed (1898), At the circus, horse and monkey dressage (1899) and At the Circus The Animal Trainer (1899).
The latest creations Toulouse-Lautrec, reflected the crisis that was going through, becoming bleak as seen in At the Rat Mort (1899), Woman in a Chemise Standing by a Bed (1899), The Milliner (1900), An Examination at the Faculty of Medicine, Paris (1901) and In the Bois de Boulogne (1901). After the deterioration of his health, the young artist died on September 9, 1901, at the age of thirty-six. Currently, part of his work is preserved in the Toulouse-Lautrec Museum, located in Albi.
Ashley Nicolette Frangipane (September 29, 1994) was born in New Jersey, United States. Singer and songwriter considered one of the most outstanding female artists of recent years. Frangipane is known by her stage name Halsey, a name that is an anagram of her first name (Ashley). This was released on the pop music scene in the early 2010s, when it became a trend for its covers and the parody of the song I Knew You Were Trouble by Taylor Swift, subsequently published the debut EP Room 93 (2014), of which the successes Ghost, Hurricane, and Trouble stood out.
In the following years, the artist established herself as a strong figure in the scene with themes such as Colors, New Americana, Castle, Now or Never, Bad at Love and Closer. The artist has excelled for her support of the LGBTQIA community and feminism, participating in various marches for gender equity and respect for human rights.
Daughter of Nicole and Chris Frangipane, she has Dante and Sevian as brothers. She was born in a humble family, from an early age she was interested in music and she was supported by her family. As she grew up she learned to play the viola, the violin, and the cello, then she started playing the acoustic guitar. Over time, she decided to continue seriously her passion for music specializing in fine arts at the university, however, the costs were too high, so she went to a community college in which she studied composition, area in which she was deeply interested, becoming the means of expressing her sorrows and joys.
At eighteen, while she was studying, she began to face serious economic problems, which is why she began to work presenting herself in different cities with varied artistic names, at this time she chose her artistic name, Halsey, since it was an anagram of her first name. In these years, she uploaded covers of songs on YouTube, with her name through which she was gaining popularity, later she created her account on SoundCloud, in which she uploaded her compositions, which were well received by the public.
After becoming known on YouTube and SoundCloud, she drew the attention of the Astralwerks label with which she signed a contract a short time later. Under this label she released on October 27th the debut EP Room 93 (2014), this included Is There Somewhere, Ghost, Hurricane, Empty Gold, and Trouble, also included four special videos. After the publication, the EP was gaining popularity becoming a trend, also, it positioned itself in the 159th position of the Billboard 200. Later, Halsey joined the tour of the band The Kooks as an opening act.
In 2015 the singer rose to fame becoming one of the most mentioned artists online, after appearing in the South by Southwest, an event about films, interactive media, and music, of which the singer was part. That same year she undertook her first musical tour called, The American Youth Tour, which took place between March and April, in which the band Rising Sons and singer Olivver The Kid participated as guests. For mid-year Halsey, she was chosen as the opening act of the Smoke & Mirrors Tour of Imagine Dragons, in her presentation she interpreted some EP songs and other unpublished songs such as Colors, Control, Castle, Haunting and Roman Holiday, which would be included in the singer’s next album.
Starting June, she published the single Hold Me Down through his YouTube channel, this was included in the album Badlands (2015), a disc of the conceptual type inspired by a dystopian society called The Badlands, in which its inhabitants are held captive. The artist mentioned that this setting was the reflection of her mental state since on several occasions she wanted to escape from reality and the frustration that was linked to her condition as a bipolar person, a disorder she has talked about in various interviews and which has inspired some of her songs. Badlands included successful songs such as New Americana, Colors, Control and Castle.
In 2016 she published the EP Complementary Colors (2016), which consisted of five remixes of Colors, followed by the release of Tokyo Narita. By the end of the year, she collaborated with the American DJ duo, The Chainsmokers in Closer, a song that quickly became a trend, positioning itself in the US music tops. After the success of the song, Closer Remixes came out with R3hab, Shaun Frank, among others.
In mid-2017 she released Hopeless fountain kingdom (2017), an album that consisted of seventeen songs among these varied collaborations such as Strangers with Lauren Jauregui, Hopeless with Cashmere Cat, Alone with Big Sean and Stefflon Don and Lie with Quavo; from this stand out the song, it is Now or Never, Eyes Closed, Bad at Love, Sorry and Alone. Shortly after being published the album was positioned on the Billboard 200. This was chosen as one of the 50 best albums of the year by Billboard and Rolling Stone.
The following year already as a consolidated artist Halsey participated in Women’s March, a march for women’s rights in which various celebrities and figures of feminism participated. During the march, the singer delivered the speech Story like mine, in which she talks about psychological abuse, harassment and other situations that marked her life, experiences that many women share. The speech video became a trend. That same year she launched the collaboration with Benny Blanco, Eastside and later published the single Without Me. In 2019, she released the remix of Without Me with Juice WRLD.
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