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Jared Leto

Jared Leto Biography
Gage Skidmore from Peoria, AZ, United States of America [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Jared Leto Biography

Jared Joseph Leto was born in Bossier City, Louisiana, United States, on December 26, 1971 (currently, 46 years old) is an American multi-instrumentalist, actor, director and producer, Oscar winner, Golden Globe, SAG, among other awards. He is also known as a director by the name of Bartholomew Cubbins but is best known as the vocalist, guitarist, bassist, pianist, composer, and founder of the alternative rock band 30 Seconds to Mars.

He lived in his hometown until his parents divorced when he was little, custody was left to his mother Constance After the separation, Jared lived with his older brother, Shannon Leto, his mother and grandfather. Jared and his family moved to different places like Colorado, Virginia, Wyoming, and Haiti for work reasons.

The two brothers, influenced from childhood by the love of art for their mom, formed a rock band. The first instrument that little Jared learned was a piano. He himself has declared in interviews that his musical influences are: Nirvana, Alice in Chains, Deftones, Led Zeppelin, Guns N ‘Roses, Pearl Jam, The Goo Goo Dolls, Stone Temple Pilots, Everclear, Pink Floyd, Radiohead, The Cure, and U2. «I grew up in an atmosphere of actors, musicians, photographers and different theater actors».

He left school when he was in tenth grade, however, after some time, he decided to return and focus on his education by entering Flint Hill High School in Oakton, Virginia. He graduated in 1989 from Emerson Preparatory School. Shortly after, Jared entered the University of Philadelphia, to study art with a specialization in painting. However, his interest turned to act, for which he left his studies as a painter. Later he would move to New York to begin classes on cinema at the New York City’s High School of Visual Arts. Being a student, he wrote and starred in his first short film: Crying Boy.

In 1992 Leto moved to Los Angeles to begin his acting career. In 1993 he got his first roles in television series such as Camp Wilder and Almost Home and My So-Called Life. A year later, he made his television debut in Cool and the Crazy, and his film debut came in the movie How to Make an American Quilt in 1995.

His first leading role was in Prefontaine (1997) which recreated the biography of the runner Steve Prefontaine. For the role, Leto investigated the life of the athlete, his family, and friends, adapting his voice and even his physical form. The transformation was so complete that, seeing it, Steve’s sister was moved to tears. His performance got very good reviews.

After his first leading role, Jared begins to obtain several roles in well-known films, such as Basil (1998), The Thin Red Line (1998), Black and White (1999), Fight Club (1999) and Interrupted Innocence (1999) together Winona Ryder and Angelina Jolie. For this last performance, Leto was nominated for an award from the Broadcast Film Critics Association in the category of best-supporting actor.

Jared tried very hard in his career as an actor, in Requiem for a Dream where he played a heroin addict, his preparation was extreme. Leto lived in the streets of New York and isolated completely, even interrupted contact with his girlfriend at the time, Cameron Diaz, for two months. His physical and emotional health was totally affected, he even lost 28 kilos on purpose, since it was necessary to interpret his character realistically.

Some more recent roles were: Chapter 27 (2007), Awake (2007), Mr. Nobody (2009), Dallas Buyers Club (2013), Suicide Squad (2016).

As for his musical career, Jared (vocalist and guitar) formed in 1998, along with his brother Shannon Leto (drums), the renowned band 30 Seconds To Mars, in Los Angeles, California. What began as a small family project, an illusion of children soon became a call to something bigger. Bassist Matt Wachter joined the band in 2001 and a little later, they also joined Solon Bixler on rhythm guitar and Kevin Drake on acoustic guitar.

Jared despite being a well-known Hollywood actor prefers not to use that information to promote the band. He has said that if the band has triumphed, it is because of their music; in fact, the band refused to play in places where their name is used as an actor to promote their concerts.

In 1999, the band signed their first contract with Virgin Records, with them in 2002, their first album came out, which, in general, received positive reviews. This album is generally described as a concept album.

At the end of 2002, guitarist Solon Bixler left the band due to personal problems. On January 29, 2003, the guitarist and follower of the band, Tomo Milicevic, presented the auditions to be the new guitarist, earning respect and acceptance of the members of the band, achieved his goal. Other albums are A Beautiful Lie (2005), This Is War (2009), Love, Lust, Faith, and Dreams (2013).

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Science

Euclid

Biography of Euclid
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Euclid Biography

Euclid or Euclides was a Greek mathematician and geometer, considered one of the great mathematicians of antiquity and father of geometry. He was born in Alexandria in 435 b.C and would die in 265 b.C.. However, there is not much information about his life. The historians say that Euclid would begin his education in Athens, where he acquired his great knowledge of geometry, in the elaborate school of Plato. Later on, Euclid would become professor of his own school in Alexandria, which was the most important in the Hellenic world and in which he would reach the highest recognition as a teacher, in the reign Ptolemy I Sóter, who was the founder of the Ptolemaic dynasty that ruled Egypt and who seek Euclid to teach him and shorten the process to learn mathematics and geometry.

Euclid was the author of different works, such as “Elements”, which is a collection of works of other philosophers such as Hippocrates, and this work would challenge some of the most important literary works in the world, such as the Bible and Don Quixote. This work was made up of 13 books, of which the first 6 made reference to basic flat geometry concepts. From the seventh to the tenth book, Euclid deals with numerical issues such as divisibility, prime numbers, and radicals. In the last three books, he would include topics on the geometry of solids, polyhedra, and circumstantial spheres. Among the most important theorems of Euclid’s work are:

  • The sum of the internal angles of a triangle, add up to 180 degrees.
  • In a right triangle, the square of the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the adjacents, which refers to the Pythagorean theorem.

Besides this, Euclides formulated 5 postulates, which he used as a starting point to explain geometric and mathematical knowledge. These postulates are:

  1. A straight line segment can be drawn joining any two points.
  2. Any straight line segment can be extended indefinitely in a straight line.
  3. Given any straight line segment, a circle can be drawn having the segment as radius and one endpoint as center.
  4. All right angles are congruent.
  5. If two lines are drawn which intersect a third in such a way that the sum of the inner angles on one side is less than two right angles, then the two lines inevitably must intersect each other on that side if extended far enough. This postulate is equivalent to what is known as the parallel postulate.

Euclid’s fifth postulate cannot be proven as a theorem, although this was attempted by many people. Euclid himself used only the first four postulates.

The geometrical principles of Euclid were important in areas such as physics, astronomy, chemistry, some engineering and worked as inspiration for the Ptolemaic theory of the Universe in the second century. His ideas also formed an abstraction of reality, because he made assumptions such as that a point has no size so it is assigned a dimension zero or equivalent to zero, a line is a set of points that has neither width nor thickness, only length and assigned a value equal to 1, a surface has no thickness and has dimension 2 equivalent in length and width; to conclude, he said that a solid body, like a cube, has dimension equivalent to 3, length, width, and height.

“Elements” has had more than a thousand editions since the first time it was published in the year 1482, so it is said that Euclid is one of the most read mathematics in history.

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